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CONCEPTUAL MODELS OF LEARNING MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT BASED ON THE SPATIAL PERSPECTIVE
Budi Handoyo, Hadi Soekamto

Department of Geography Social Faculty Universitas Negeri Malang
Department of Geography Social Faculty Universitas Negeri Malang


The conceptual model for learning material development based on the spatial pepective is necessary to realize effective geography learning in acquiring knowledge, improving skills, and fostering geographic student attitudes. Learing materials which is available today have not made spatial approaches as the basis of their development. Location and distribution factors of the phenomena, event, and object of geography have not been fully explained, well described, and analyzed spatially. As a result students do not acquire the knowledge, skills and attitudes that is necessary to solve problems occurring within the spatial context.
The purpose of this research is to develop a conceptual model of learning material that based on the spatial perspective in acquiring knowledge, enhancing skills, and fostering geographical attitude. The research use development design. Design of the development is the modified of the Borg and Goll design. There are eight steps are: need analysis, planning, develop preliminary form of product, preliminary field testing, main product revision, playing field testing, revision of product, and the final product revision. The subjects of the research were tenth graders X student of the SMA 5 Malang, one of the Senior High School in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. The number of subject is 28 students. The validator of the material is lectures who has a doctor level on geographic education, and has worked experienced more than five years.
The result of the research shows that to develop learning material that based on the spatial perspective can be done with the following steps: (1) determining the topic of the problem, (2) determining the location and distribution of phenomena, an event, or object that is completed by map, (3) explaining the argumentative why phenomena, event or object occurs at that location, (4) explaining the relation of phenomena or objects that occur with other related natural factors, (5) explaining the relation of phenomena or objects that occur with the human factors. (6) using spatial analysis in accordance with the objectives.

Topic: Geographical Education

PermaLink: http://igeos.conference.upi.edu/kfz/pages/abstract.php?id=115


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