INTERACTION COMMUNITY IN INDONESIA-PHILIPPINES BORDER
Muhammad Isa Ramadhan, Ahmad Yani, Laode Amaludin
Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, FKIP, Universitas Haluoleo
Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, FPIPS, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
The frontier are identical with isolation and development issues as well as state sovereignty. In the border region between Indonesia and the Philippines, especially in the Sangihe Islands was found the process of migration and the crossing of traditional society, along with indications of a negative occurrence of illegal trading, illegal entry and lack of nationalism in the community. Traditional crossings and other negative indication is a marker of the interaction that occurs between regions, it would then be appointed as the research object. Interaction focused on the activity of border crossings, to be recovered from the process is how the form and the driving factors of the interaction and influence state policy of crossings made by the community.
This study taking the location in the Sangihe island areas, with a Qualitative Research-verification approach, aiming to uncover the meaning of the crossings were made. The process of crossing that will be deepened and the driving motive through in-depth interviews, observation of the aspect of the crossing community activities, documents and literature related to crossings and policies are part of the data used. Overall the data was analyzed using a spatial approach in geography.
The results found in this study revealed that the region of interaction is an imbalance interaction between regions, Sangihe Islands region showed particular dependence on the economic aspects of trade. The intensity of the interaction is characterized by the activity of border crossings was found to be solid and massive between the two regions is measured by the frequency of crossings and the laws and control the border region are ignored by the crossing. Border crossings is a form of behavior that is based on the factors of spatial bahavior and opportunities access to community needs. Some responses related to negative assumptions (illegal entry, illegal trading) is caused by the weakness of border policy and a lack of role of the state (government) in the border region, thus making the community seek its own needs by choosing in ways that are contrary to the rules, in this case border crossing.
Topic: Economic and Political Geography