IGEOS 2017
Submission Management System
 Main Site Submission Guide Register Login Participant List Abstract List
:: Abstract List ::

 1 Water Quality and Its Effect on Seaweed Cultivation in Pari Island Kepulauan Seribu DKI JakartaSamadi, Warnadi, Asma ‘Irma Setyaningsih, Wiwin Anggara Kasih Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi Universitas Negeri Jakarta Jl. Rawamangun Muka, Jakarta Timur ABSTRACT. This research aims to determine the effect of water quality on the sustainibility of seaweed cultivation in Pari Island, Kepulauan Seribu, DKI Jakarta. This research was conducted in November 2016 until May 2017. The method used in this research is descriptive method with field survey approach. Population in this research is waters area of cluster of Pari Island. Sampling technique using area sampling on Goba Pari Island. Data obtained by doing direct measurement in the field. After the data is collected then it is processed by using land suitability analysis by performing weighting and scoring on each parameter of waters quality for seaweed cultivation as measured. So get the class suitability of his land (Very Match, Corresponding, and Not Match), then mapped using Arc GIS 10.3 program. Then see the sustainability of seaweed cultivation from the results of cultivation land suitability. Based on the results of research that the quality of waters in Goba Pari Island were suitable for seaweed cultivation. The inhibiting parameters in all four goba in the cluster of Pari Islands are the current and temperature parameters in all goba when compared to the requirement for seaweed growth. Topic: Biogeography and Biodiversity 2 Biomonitoring study of water catchment area of Cilaja in Ujung Berung, Bandung within year 2013-2017Hertien Koosbandiah Surtikanti Departemen Pendidikan Biologi Program Studi Biologi FPMIPA UPI Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 229 Bandung Abstract. Water catchment area of Cilaja is located along Giri Mekar and Sindanglaya village, Ujung Berung, Bandung. This river has high values for the people living in that area, to support clean water supply, coffee plantation, agriculture area and fish farming area. Field study is done to monitor water quality due to high variation of human activities. Three location sites (coffe/pinus plantation, agriculture and residential area) were selected. Chemical-physical water were measured and analysed. Bioindicator benthos were collected as well. This study is done between 2013-2017. The results showed that based on the distribution and composition of bioindicator benthos, the three differrent land uses had good water quality within 5 years. People attitudes in environmental aware play an important role in conserving water quality for long period of time. Topic: Biogeography and Biodiversity 3 ARE NEED IN SITU AND EX SITU CONSERVATION BASED COMMUNITY AT BIODIVERSITY PARK IN SUMEDANG REGENCY WEST JAVA PROVINCE?Wanjat Kastolani Departemen Pendidikan Geografi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world. It has tropical climatic conditions so there are many tropical rain forest ecosystems with a high level of biodiversity. Vegetation in relatively large tropical forests makes it one of the largest oxygen suppliers in the world. Biodiversity is widely used for various purposes of human life. However, along with the advancement of science and technology, there are various environmental problems that can threaten the biodiversity, sometimes the consciousness arises when the level of biodiversity has been entered in critical condition, Biodiversity Park in Sumedang Regency, West Java Province is one of In situ and ex situ conservation. This study aims to analyze in situ conservation efforts in biodiversity parks. This research uses survey method, where data is collected through observation, interview, literature study and documentation study which then analyzed descriptively. The biodiversity park in Sumedang Regency is a conservation area with in situ and ex situ functions on a legal basis. Conservation efforts undertaken are community-based. This is due to the large number of people who utilize biodiversity in the Biodiversity Park to fulfill their various needs. Conservation efforts undertaken are more about building sustainable communities to participate in biodiversity conservation. It is necessary for the role of local government to continue to monitor and direct the in situ and ex situ conservation efforts undertaken by local communities. Topic: Biogeography and Biodiversity 4 DYNAMICS COVERAGE AREA OF PRIVATE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL (SMA), CASE STUDY OF SMA BATIK 1 SURAKARTANasrudin, Yasin Yusup, Puguh Karyanto Program Magister PKLH-Pendidikan Geografi UNS, School is a place of educational service for the community. The provision of the number of schools should be adjusted to the condition of the number of community needs. In fact today the rate of population growth continues to decline but the growth of new schools is not immediately down. At the level of education on the government make the planning and policy expand and establish a new vocational high school (SMK). On the other hand the community pioneered many new schools of nuances Islamic Terpadu (IT), Program Khusus (PK) and others. The situation has led to increased competition among schools. Competition in spatial perspective is actually fighting for coverage area. This research aims to reveal the dynamics of private high school coverage in the perspective of Lefebvre- theory of production space and tactics according to De Certeau. The pattern of school relations with the government is still influenced by capitalism. The penetration of distant capitalism, not only capitalizes the physical space but also the "influence" space or coverage area. The expansion of SMK and restriction of SMA is closely related to the interests of capitalism in the field of industrial labor supply. The policy emphasis actually leads to the fate of SMA, especially private SMA. There are two types of private SMA with different fates. First, SMA with a narrow coverage area slowly but herded to close or change to SMK. Second, a private SMA with a large coverage area is conditioned to narrow its influence to the permissible threshold. In the end new spaces are produced by closing private high school coverage of narrow areas and limiting the advancement of private high school coverage areas. Private schools with wide coverage area (case study of SMA Batik 1 Surakarta) have an interesting dynamics coverage area. Pressure policy is ongoing to make the school must pull in the coverage area. Pulling is apparently dependent on supervisor, not merely a regulation. The pull tactic occurs when regulatory authorities are from the central and provincial levels, stretching out when enforcement or regulatory oversight from the local level. The tactics stem from the ease of approach. Approach to district level regulators is easier than provincial and central. The tactic mode to avoid the regulation is combined with the reasons for compensation as a private school, calculation of BEP school and language reporting hoax. Topic: Economic and Political Geography 5 The Influence of Sustainable Tourism Development towards Tourists’ Satisfaction In Saung Angklung UdjoViska Septiyani Juandi, Rini Andari, H.P.D. Setiyorini Tourism Marketing Management Study Program The study of sustainable tourism development usually emphasizes the destination management effort in ensuring the availability of the resources for the future. There is still a limited study on the research that relates the notion with the tourists satisfaction. Furthermore, the core of developing tourism is to enhance the visitor experiences that is generated from delivering good memories and satisfaction to the tourists. Hence, this study would discover the sustainable tourism development dimension in cultural tourism products towards the visitors’ satisfaction. The study is conducted in Saung Angklung Udjo, that has creative cultural events as the main attraction. It performs Angklung, the bamboo traditional musical instruments, to the visitors. The attraction management is in line with the concern of environmental, economic, socio-cultural, and tourism management aspects. Those concerns, according to Wiwattanakantang & To-im (2014), are the dimensions of sustainable tourism development. Hence, this research attempts to find whether there is the influence of the dimensions to the tourists satisfaction. This study adopted quantitative approach with multivariate analysis. Questionnaire was developed and distributed to 100 tourists for data collection. The findings would be important to understand the relationship between the sustainable development and tourists satisfaction. Topic: Economic and Political Geography 6 Digital Public Sphere of Ridwan Kamil, the Governor of Bandung and Public PolicyHeni Nuraeni Zaenudin Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The aims of this study are: (1) to explore how Ridwan Kamil transforms public policy through digital public sphere, namely Facebook, (2) to explore how Ridwan Kamil’s rhetorical style is performed when he socializes public policy and (3) to investigate how the thematic selection runs in order to get the society’s attention to observe the public policy socialization through Facebook. This study employs a Discourse Analysis approach –i.e. an approach using interdisciplinary theories which are related to digital public sphere, public policy, and rhetoric. The data are gathered from video, textual, and graphic items. The results of this study is academically expected to be useful reference for the more holistic future studies observing some issues related to the use of digital public sphere in socializing public policy and politics in Indonesia. Practically, this study is expected to be able to bridge the compatibility of some theories with the practice in transforming digital public sphere –i.e. Facebook- into an effective medium used to disseminate information related to public policy. Topic: Economic and Political Geography 7 INTERACTION COMMUNITY IN INDONESIA-PHILIPPINES BORDERMuhammad Isa Ramadhan, Ahmad Yani, Laode Amaludin Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, FKIP, Universitas Haluoleo Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi, FPIPS, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The frontier are identical with isolation and development issues as well as state sovereignty. In the border region between Indonesia and the Philippines, especially in the Sangihe Islands was found the process of migration and the crossing of traditional society, along with indications of a negative occurrence of illegal trading, illegal entry and lack of nationalism in the community. Traditional crossings and other negative indication is a marker of the interaction that occurs between regions, it would then be appointed as the research object. Interaction focused on the activity of border crossings, to be recovered from the process is how the form and the driving factors of the interaction and influence state policy of crossings made by the community. This study taking the location in the Sangihe island areas, with a Qualitative Research-verification approach, aiming to uncover the meaning of the crossings were made. The process of crossing that will be deepened and the driving motive through in-depth interviews, observation of the aspect of the crossing community activities, documents and literature related to crossings and policies are part of the data used. Overall the data was analyzed using a spatial approach in geography. The results found in this study revealed that the region of interaction is an imbalance interaction between regions, Sangihe Islands region showed particular dependence on the economic aspects of trade. The intensity of the interaction is characterized by the activity of border crossings was found to be solid and massive between the two regions is measured by the frequency of crossings and the laws and control the border region are ignored by the crossing. Border crossings is a form of behavior that is based on the factors of spatial bahavior and opportunities access to community needs. Some responses related to negative assumptions (illegal entry, illegal trading) is caused by the weakness of border policy and a lack of role of the state (government) in the border region, thus making the community seek its own needs by choosing in ways that are contrary to the rules, in this case border crossing. Topic: Economic and Political Geography 8 Social Media Emotion in Politics : An Indonesian Case Study of Political Environment on FacebookVidi Sukmayadi, Ridwan Effendi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The objective of the study was to investigate social media users attitude toward the current political environment displayed on their social media platform. The study is interesting due to the fact that nowadays even simple chats on social media can go awry when politics comes across as a topic. The study was conducted during and after the recent 2017 political election in Jakarta, Indonesia. Survey study was conducted in collecting the data with the total of 705 social media users participated in this study. The results indicate that social media is not a friendly zone when it comes to political debates. Few social media users got a thrill out of the opportunities for political debates on social media. However many of the respondents express frustration and weariness over the content and tone of political environment on their social media timeline. Topic: Economic and Political Geography 9 Scholars Remote Teaching Service: Indonesias geopolitical strategyElly Malihah Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Scholars Remote Teaching Service: Indonesias geopolitical strategy The study is aimed at seeing the value of the Policy of assigning fresh graduates teachers to teach in less developed areas of Indonesia. This policy is a part of Indonesias geopolitics to reinforce the Indonesian archipelagic vision. Descriptive approach is conducted in the study. Data are collected by conducting interviews with fresh graduates who have participated in the program. The results of the study indicate that the remote teaching program has an essential role in increasing the participants archipelagic vision of as a result of an embedded geo-political approach through educational policies in some of the underdeveloped regions in Indonesia. Keywords: Teaching scholars, geopolitics Topic: Economic and Political Geography 10 Land-Use Guidelines in Tambo Minangkabau Oral LiteratureDr. Sheiful Yazan, M.Si. and Dr Arwemi, M.Pd. Islam Negeri (UIN) Imam Bonjol Padang, Padang, Indonesia 25153 Oral Literature of Tambo Minangkabau is mandatory utterances which are always delivered in any traditional ceremonies of Minangkabau society. Each ceremony should be conducted with the delivery of customary speech called pasambahan. The main content of pasambahan speech is Tambo Minangkabau as a guideline of living in society. This article describes the contents of Tambo Minangkabau with a set of guidelines for land use by the society in nagari. The guidelines for land use concern all the designation of: rice field, old crop land, land for vegetables, housing, public facilities, and reserve lands. All these guidelines show harmony with nature according to the philosophy of Alam Takambang jadi Guru, which mean Nature be Teacher. Every village must obey and arrange the land use with these guidelines, and making regulations so that each of those guidelines are implemented. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 11 THE DEVELOPMENT OF LEARNING CONTENT OF ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS EDUCATION (IRE) COURSES ON ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAgus Fakhruddin; Ace Suryadi; Kama Abdul Hakam; Encep Syarief Nurdin Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Nowadays, environmental conservation is one of global issues. All of societies elements, include universities, have responsibilities to participate. Islamic Religious Education (IRE) as one of students character building courses in higher education in Indonesia has responsibilities to educate about environmental conservation as one of subjects on IRE learning. This paper try to develop environmental conservation as learning content on IRE in Higher Education based on Islamic values. This research uses qualitative approach with literature study method. Data collecting and analyze based on Islamic source doctrine as Alquran and Hadis. Finding reveals that learning content of IRE on environmental conservation include: the existence of humans as nature conservator; the knowledge about sustainability of nature as a life system; the development of responsibilities, respects, and caring attitude to nature; and the wisdom in nature resources exploitation. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 12 UPI STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS OF JIHAD BASED ON THEIR REGIONS OF ORIGINAceng Kosasih, Mokh. Iman Firmansyah UPI Extreme and radical events in the name of jihad by a group of Muslims, has now spread to several areas of Indonesia. It has also spread in universities. The Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI –Indonesia University of Education) is a campus. It is assumed that UPI students’ regions of origin give effects on their perceptions of jihad. The purpose of this study is to describe and to analyze UPI students’ perception about jihad based on their regions of origin. The study employed descriptive method with qualitative approach. The data collection was performed by using special instrument related to jihad. The instrument was assigned to members of three Islamic Student Activity Units (UKM –Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa): ALQOLAM, BAQI and UPTQ. The data were analyzed by using Miles and Huberman model and confirmed to the jihad reading variant of Yusuf Qardhawi. The results show that the geographic area and sociological characteristics of a Muslim influence his/her religious views, including the perception of jihad. Textual or literal religious understanding of the source of Islamic teachings and the paradigm of equating all geographical regions tend to give rise to conservative, extreme, and radical perceptions. Meanwhile, the perception of moderate jihad arises from a contextual or ma’nawi understanding of the source of Islamic teachings as well as observing the geographical diversity of a region. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 13 Distribution of the Active Sacred Space Organization of Belief in God AlmightySeno Budhi Ajar Universitas Sebelas Maret Jalan Ir Sutami, No.36 A Kentingan, Surakarta 57126. senobudhiajar[at]staff.uns.ac.id There are two types of Organization of Belief in God Almighty (OBGA) that are religion and cultural. The OBGA who is able to maintain the activity and sanctity of the sacred Space is not easy. Many OBGA who has a sacred space but the current condition is less active or even inactive, while the others are still active but don’t have a sacred space or just have secretariat. The choice of Sacred space location is one of the factors. This research is qualitative with descriptive design and use the politics and poetics of sacred theory (Lily Kong) as the main base. The study concluded that the Religion OBGA who still actively choose the location of Sacred space based on the politics of sacred with the characteristics of urban areas in the high population, while The Cultural OBGA who still actively choose the location of his sacred space based on poetic sacred with a location in the hill or near the water source; There are public people who prays in the cultural OBGAs sacred space, while the Religion OBGAs sacred space can be used for community activities as a form of adaptation. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 14 Local Wisdom of Indigenous Community of Kampung Dukuh as Culture Preservation in Ciroyom Village, Cikelet district, Garut Regency, West Java ProvinceIman Hilman (a*), Nandang Hendriawan (b) a)Department of Geography Education Siliwangi University Tasikmalaya, Indonesia *imanhilman[at]unsil.ac.id b)Department of Geography Education Siliwangi University Tasikmalaya, Indonesia Kampung Dukuh has a pattern of life that loaded by glorious values. These values of local wisdom of Kampung Dukuh that have been examined and proved effective to control human behavior in interaction with nature or with the other human being become strategic value in social culture which makes Kampung Dukuh has been set as Culture Preservation Region by the Government of Garut Regency. The success of indigenous community of Kampung Dukuh inmaintaining cultural tradition as social institution that still grow and develop in the midst of influence today gives positive implication in their life. This research aims to identify local wisdom of indigenous community of Kampung Dukuh which has strategic social culture value to serve as Culture Preservation Region and how far indigenous community of Kampung Dukuh maintains the ambience of nature and tradition that they embrace in order of preservation and cultural protection Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 15 Internalization of Tolerance Value by Empowering The Environment as Learning Resource Through Islamic Religious Education in Higher EducationSaepul Anwar Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Various issues of intolerance and radicalism can be a serious threat to a country with heterogeneous societies such as Indonesia. Horizontal conflicts between citizens on behalf of religious, ethnic, especially religious understanding are possible. This matter can be avoided through education, including Islamic religious education in universities. This paper seeks to explain how to empower and optimize a heterogeneous environment as a source for understanding diversity and conducting tolerant attitude for students in higher education through lectures, including Islamic Religious Education (IRE). The study was conducted on campus of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia by using descriptive method and qualitative approach. Interviews and participant observations are used to collect data which is then analyzed descriptively Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 16 Women and political participation in Garut Parlement period of 2014-2019Muhamad Iqbal Faculty Member of Social Science, Indonesia University of Education Limited number women who participated in Garut parlement. in one hand, every political parties should ad in women as one of canditate legislator in legislative general election. unfortunatelly in the other hand that is limited number of participant to be came legislator. In this case reasercer ussing descriptive methode to collect and analyse data. collecting data using tree tipes of data such as: documentation, observation, and interview some of participas and political elite who more know about woment political participation. More over, analysing data following step by step colehting, data, conding, and analysing. To sum up, according empirical data women who participated in parlement for complited constitutional administrative, but les polical fungtion. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 17 PEMAHAMAN TOLERANSI BERAGAMA MAHASISWA ISLAM INDONESIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF KAJIAN KRITISEndis Firdaus Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Mengkaji Pemahaman Toleransi Beragama di kalangan siswa muslim sangat penting untuk kelangsungan perdamaian masyarakat di masa yang akan datang. Betapapun banyak penelitian dilakukan, namun terdapat celah yang belum terisi dari sudut-sudut pemahaman yang belum terungkap. Khususnya dari generasi muda belum memiliki kapasitas untuk menjelaskan solusi yang ditawarkan dalam waktu singkat ke depan di tengah kehidupan masyarakatnya global yang terus berubah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti dan mengkaji secara kritis pemahaman untuk mendapatkan solusi masalah terkini yang ditimbulkan akibat letupan-letupan konflik multidimensi masa kini. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini terdapat kecenderungan siswa meningkat sikap toleransi keagamaannya saat mereka memahami dengan baik makna toleransi dalam ajaran Islam yang diteladankan dalam sejarahnya oleh Nabi Muhammad. Sementara siswa lainnya yang intoleran dalam beragama ditemukan, mereka lebih cenderung mereka beragama secara eksklusif dengan paham yang bergaya pilihan opsi hitam atau putih atas kebenaran yang diperolehnya dari interaksi mereka dalam media sosial yang digunakan. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa siswa umumnya mampu memahami toleransi beragama yang baik pada masa berlangsungnya investigasi ketika mereka memahami inklusifisme Islam yang sebenarnya. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 18 Wahyu Al-Quran Pertama: Mengkaji Makna Iqra dalam Konsep Sejarah Nabi pada Saat PenuturannyaEndis Firdaus Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Kata pertama dari wahyu Al-Quran yang diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad dikenal dengan sebuah perintah wahyu melalui Jibril “iqra” dengan pengertian sekarang perintah: bacalah!. Namun selama ini pengertian tersebut sejak awal sejarahnya belum dikenal dengan makna tersebut. Konsep membaca saat itu belum dikenal, karena langkanya penelitian tulisan berdasarkan kajian antopologi kebahasaan klasik. Pemahaman seperti itu digeneralisasi sepanjang sejarah beberapa abad di saat penafsiran itu berlangsung, namun tidak memiliki kapasitas untuk melihat ke akar antropologi sejarah sebagai metode pencarian makna bahasa yang terbentang selama ini. Bahasa tidak memiliki makna tunggal yang mutlak untuk satu arti sepanjang masa, akan tetapi dapat berubah saat konsep lain ditemukan atau dialami oleh penuturnya sendiri. Penelitian ini menyajikan varian yang ditemukan selama perjalanan wahyu Al-Quran itu dituturkan oleh pembacanya di berbagai masa. Disimpulkan bahwa pemaknaan dari masa kemasa dalam penuturan bahasa didominasi oleh para penafsir masanya atau tokoh popular yang mempengaruhi perkembangan ummat Islam. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa penafsir Al-Quran setiap generasi hanya mampu mengoleksi makna yang ditrasfernya tanpa varian kronologis sejarah perjalanannya sampai terbentuknya pemaknaan terakhir. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa penafsir umumnya hanya mampu menggunakan penafsiran yang berkembang dan terjangkau dalam pemahaman yang berlangsung pada perkembangan sosial budayanya. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 19 The Ecological Wisdom Values of Agricultural Land Utilization by the Indigenous People Of Cigugur Kuningan, West JavaDra. Yani Kusmarni, M.Pd., Mina Holilah, M.Pd. Department of Social Studies Education Faculty of Social Studies Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This article describes the results of research on the ecological wisdom values of agricultural land utilization by masyarakat adat (the indigenous people) of Cigugur, Kuningan, West Java. The objective of the research is to obtain a model of ecological wisdom values of indigenous people in maintaining environmental sustainability. The researchers conducted an ethnographic study with in-depth observations of agricultural cycles based on ecological wisdom, special treatments in the process of rice cultivation, and noble values in respect for nature. The findings show that the indigenous people of Cigugur Kuningan still: 1) Use palintangan to calculate farming time with sustainable principles; 2) Provide special treatments to rice seeds through customary agricultural rituals; and 3) Respect nature as the embodiment of the philosophical value of sanduk-sanduk papalaku. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 20 GOLOK as a Local Wisdom of Sundanese PeopleWarlim, Yadi Ruyadi, Dasim Budimansyah, Iik Nurulpaik Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Golok merupakan salah perkakas produk peradaban di tatar sunda yang memiliki fungsi sebagai alat bekerja ataupun persenjataan. Selain berfungsi sebagai alat bekerja juga sebagai senjata yang merupakan simbol kesatria sunda (jawara). Golok merupakan benda budaya warisan karuhun yang patut dihargai, hasil dari perenungan ide yang mengalir menjadi sebuah bentuk bernilai seni, filosofi dan teknologi, disitu ada unsur simbolis yang bisa dikuak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali golok sebagai produk peradaban. Golok memiliki nilai historis, sosiologis dan arkeologis yang penting untuk digali dikaji dan dikembangkan sehingga kebermanfaatannya dapat terus dirasakan oleh masyarakat. Nilai-nilai sosiologis-arkeologis ini ia peroleh melalui tradisi masyarakatnya. Penelitian ini mengambil lokasi di sentra pengrajin golok dibeberapa daerah yang masih menunjukan eksistensinya di tatar sunda yaitu: Sentra pengrajin golok di Cibatu-Cisaat-Kabuapten Sukabumi, Ciomas dan Ciseuat-Kecamatan Petir-Banten, Manonjaya-Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, dan Ciwidey-Kabupaten Bandung. Selain studi kepustakaan, untuk menggali data dan informasi peneliti melakukan pengamatan dan terlibat langsung dilokasi pembuatan golok bersama para pelaku dan tokoh pande (pembuat) golok. Penelitian berhasil menemukan ragam desain golok yang dikembangkan ditatar sunda yaitu: Salam nunggal, paut nyere, sogok iwung, buntut lubang, sopak balera, locan, sonten bening, simeut pelem, kopal/golok cepot, stok/pangbilikan, hambal taraje/hambalan, pameuncitan, pamoroan, candung, lubuk/ujung turun, mamancangan, kembang kacang, malapah gedang, gobang kagok, gobang pajang, soto gayot, balik mipih, jambe sapasi, sintung bening. Desain ragam jenis golok tersebut dapat dijadikan desain model golok yang akan dibuat dan dikembangkan lebih lanjut sebagai produk kreatif yang dapat menjadi souvenir dari tatar sunda. Baik dalam bentuk golok sebenarnya maupun golok sebagai miniatur. Topic: Gender and Geography, Indigenous Knowledges, Religious and Peoples Rights 21 The Mastery Of Essential Geography Concept For Social Studies Teacher Of Yunior High School/Islamic Yunior High School In Jakarta ProvinceDwi Sukanti Lestariningsih (a), Enok Maryani (b), Ahmad Yani (b), Nandi (b) (a) Lecturer of Geography Education, Social Science Faculty of Jakarta State University Jalan Rawamangun Raya, East Jakarta, Indonesia (b) Lecturer of postgraduate Geography Education of Indonesian Education University Jalan Setiabudi no. 229, Bandung, Indonesia Essential concept is the important concept that it must be knowledge acquired by students, related to the students need and ability on the each level of education. Geography fenomena in geosfer is clasifed as spatial. Social studies in teaching learning process in 2013 curriculum in implementing on teaching and learning process uses tematical or topical approach. Using this approach, the social studies teaching must understand and capable to master the social studies materials that included many social studies concept (geography, economic, sociology and history), so the materials have been taught are interesting and easy to be understood by the students. The problem that has been faced by the teacher in teaching and learning process of social studies the geography teachers do not capable to master yet about the knowledge of geography subject included essential geography concept especially the teachers who do not have the geographics graduated background. The purpose of this research is how far do the social studies teachers capable to master the essential geography concept on yunior high school/Islamic yunior high school in Jakarta Province in implementing 2013 curriculum. Population of the research are the yunior high school teachers the total are 958 teachers. The sample of the research are taken randomly at last 10 precentage, those are 95 teachers. The data have been collectec, can be analyzed by using descriptive quantitative analysis method. The research finding is the capability to master the essential geography concept in social studies that have excellent level are the social studies which have geographics graduated background, and then the teachers were graduated from economics, the third is the histories and the last the teachers who do not capable to master the essential geography concept are graduated from (human resoursces, educational management, civic education and mathematics). The material that had been classified as the difficult one for the social studies teachers who do not have geographics graduated background in order to integrated or combined the essential geography concept material in teaching and learning process using topical and thematic approach. Through the research result, it is suggested to upgrade the social studies teachers through functioned subject science community (MGMP) in order to gain for the same understanding and perception related to essential geography concept material aspecially to whom the teachers which not have geographics graduated background. Topic: Geographical Education 22 Development Of Contextual Teaching Learning-Based Audio Visual Adobe Flash Media To Improve Critical Thinking Ability Of Geography Learning At Senior High SchoolTeti Gayatri, H. Soegiyanto, Peduk Rintayati UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET This study aims to identify: 1) the need of audio-visual media of geography learning in XI grade of senior high school, 2) the development procedures of CTL-based audio-visual adobe flash media, 3) the feasibility of CTL-based audio-visual adobe flash media, 4) the improvement of critical thinking ability of students after the use of CTL-based adobe flash audio-visual media. The study is a Research and Development. Development models using ADDIE models. The study concludes that: 1) the learning of geography requires CTL-based adobe flash audio-visual media which is delivered creatively and interestingly, 2) Adobe flash audio-visual media is developed by using adobe flash application 3) according to the validation result of the experts’ team and students’ responds, CTL-based audio-visual adobe flash media is feasible to be applied in the XI grade of highschool, and 4) CTL-based adobe flash audio-visual media could improve the critical thinking ability, attested by –tobtained < -ttable. Topic: Geographical Education 23 Developing Earthcomm-Based Electronic Module In The Learning Material Of Wisdom In Natural Resource Management1. Hanifah Pudja Mauliddia 2. Chatarina Muryani 3. Peduk Rintayati Universitas Sebelas Maret The study aims to identify: 1) The need of Earthcomm-based electronic module in the learning material of wisdom in natural resource management, 2) The stages of Earthcomm-based electronic module development, and 3) The feasibility of Earthcomm-based electronic module in the learning material of wisdom in natural resource management. This study is a Research and Development (R&D) research with ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation). Conclusions of the study are that: 1) the students need the Earthcomm-based electronic module, 2) the Earthcomm-based electronic module is adapted with curriculum 2013 and developed by using Flipbook maker application and is packaged in the form of compact disk (CD), 3) the feasibility of Earthcomm-based electronic module according to the experts’ team consisting of media experts, material experts and linguists is 84% and according to the students response is 84%, therefore, it can be said that it is worth to be used. Topic: Geographical Education 24 Students’ Perspective on Geography Materials and Learning: A Study on the Primary School Teacher EducationMoh Salimi Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 5712, Indonesia salimi[at]staff.uns.ac.id Geography be one way the creation of 21st century skills, where geography can help students develop global awareness and allows them to be creative and innovative (Nagel, 2008). Seeing these benefits, teachers candidates can understand materials and learning geography in order to guide students towards global awareness. This case study was carried out to the students of primary school teacher candidates with questionnaires and interview techniques. The results showed that the students perspective on the material of geography is a branch of social science that studies the environment and its relationship with humans. While the student perspective on learning geography is the interaction between students and teachers in order to understand the material geography. Topic: Geographical Education 25 THINK GEOGRAPHICALY ANALYSIS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CURRICULUM 2013 ON THE SUBJECTS OF GEOGRAPHY ( A CASE STUDY OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL SUKABUMI )Advisor I: Ardi Muhamad Arsyad, S.Pd, Advisor II: Dr. Epon Ningrum, M.Pd , Advisor III: Dr. Ahmad Yani, M.Si Uiversitas Pendidikan Indonesia The content of geographic thinking is very important for learners because it helps in further understanding of spatial, place and environmental concepts on geography learning. The use of a scientific approach that should emphasize two-way learning between learners and teachers is supportive for geographic thinking-charged learning applications. This study aims to identify the geographical content of thinking on the basic competence of geography subjects, the implementation of scientific approaches and the geographically charged benchmarking standards. This research uses qualitative approach, with qualitative descriptive method. Research subjects consist of teachers as primary informants and learners as informant base. Data collection techniques using triangulation method. Instrument research in the form of documentation, literature study, and test. Data analysis techniques by reducing data, data presentation, verification, and assessment rubric. The result of basic competence (KD) research has been loaded with geographical thinking, only the basic knowledge material of mapping of the geographical thinking, geographical thinking content is already in the scientific approach approach (questioning, analyzing, exploring, associating and communicating), but weak in step Questioning, and geographic thinking loads already in the assessment standard. Topic: Geographical Education 26 THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANDROID-BASED GEO-SMART FOR GEOGRAPHY LEARNING MEDIA ON HYDROSPHERE MATERIAL AND ITS IMPACT TOWARDS LIFE ON EARTH1. Rengganis Widyastuti 2. H.Soegiyanto 3. Yasin Yusup Universitas Sebelas Maret Students, as smartphone android users, give potency to be used as flexible and representative learning media. This potency is appropriate for geography learning on hydrosphere material and its impact towards life on earth which has complex material characteristics and many concepts. The objectives of this research are: 1) to find out the need of learning media for geography android-based on hydrosphere topic and its impact towards life on earth. 2) to find out the steps of Geo-Smart development using android-based. 3) to find out the feasibility of Geo-Smart on hydrosphere material and its impact towards life on earth. This research used Research and Development (R&D) with ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation). The result showed that: 1) Students needed learning media of geography with android-based, 2) learning media of android-based Geo-Smart was compiled with ADDIE development model adapted to core competencies, basic competencies, indicators, and learning objectives on curriculum 2013 and equipped with feature of map concept, hydrosphere material, picture, schema, map, video, exercise, quiz, assessment, and profile. Android-based Geo-Smart was developed by using Adobe Flash CS6, and 3) the feasibility of Android-based Geo-Smart according to the experts consisted of media expert and material expert was 83% and students’ response was 86%, therefore it could be concluded that Geo-Smart learning media was proper to be applied. Topic: Geographical Education 27 The Development Of Audio Visual Media Based On Problem Based Learning To Subject Study National Culture For Students Class XI In Accademic Year 2017/2018Betty Gustina Laskunary Siregar, Sigit Santosa, Peduk Riyanti UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET Abstract— This study was motivated by the minimum of learning media in teaching-learning process and the weakening of traditional culture along with the progress of science and technology and the preference of modernization in all sectors. Problem Based Learning (PBL) requires students to work together in groups to find solution of real problem. The purposes of this study were: 1) to identify the need of using audio visual media based on PBL in teaching-learning geography to subject study National Culture for students class XI. 2) to identify the feasibility of audio visual media based on PBL in subject study National Culture for students class XI. The type of this study was Research and Development (R&D) with AADIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation). The audio visual media was packed in the form of compact disk (CD) Video material presentation covered subject study National Culture of Central Java (Solo). Keywords: teaching-learning media, Problem Based Learning, National Culture Topic: Geographical Education 28 Intelligence Level of Public Senior High School Student in BandungYoga Hepta Gumilar and Nandi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This study discusses the level of Spatial Intelligence of Public Senior High School students in Bandung. Spatial intelligence level is discussed in detail using six indicators. These six indicators are discussed thoroughly to get the results they want to get. The analytical technique used in this study uses a percentage and described in depth. The result of this research is the spatial intelligence level of SMA Negeri students in Bandung show that 45,36% have very high spatial intelligence level and 46,39% have high spatial intelligence level while 7,22% have enough spatial intelligence and 1,03% have low spatial intelligence level. So overall the level of spatial intelligence high school students in the city of Bandung can be said high. Topic: Geographical Education 29 DIFFERENCE SKILL THINKING SCIENCE PARTICIPANTS BASED ON ZONATION RAILWAY LOCATIONDiyas Amanullah, Epon Ningrum, Dede Rohmat Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Scientific thinking skills are a priority that learners must have in facing the global era to examine various problems such as river pollution phenomena. This study aims to examine students scientific thinking skills based on the zoning of the river location. This study uses a qualitative approach that is poured in the form of description. The research subject is learners in Sukabumi City. Data obtained through interviews and observations, data analysis techniques using data reduction, display data, and conclusion verification. The results showed that there are differences in students scientific thinking skills based on the criteria of a distance of the school location and the presence of the river. Topic: Geographical Education 30 The Impact of Local Wisdom-Based Learning Model on Students’ Understanding of The Land EthicEpon Ningrum; Nandi: Dadang Sungkawa Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudi 229 Bandung 40154, Indonesia Local wisdom-based learning model is motivated by global environmental crisis. Local wisdom has proven its significance in achieving a harmonious relationship between human and nature. This research aims to identify the impact of local wisdom-based learning on students’ understanding on the land ethic. This study is conducted using the experimental method with factorial designs. Subjects involved in this study are Grade XI social students, composed of three experimental groups. The research variables are local wisdom-based learning model as the free variable and the land ethic understanding as the bound variable. The research instruments consist of observation, assignments, tests, and performances. The data are analyzed statistically. The results show (1) there is a difference of the land ethic understanding between before and after applying local wisdom-based learning on experimental group 1, 2, and 3; and (2) there is no significant change on the land ethic understanding between experimental group 1, 2, and 3. It is implied that local wisdom-based learning influences the land ethic comprehension. Topic: Geographical Education 31 THE DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHING-LEARNING MEDIA DIGITAL CATALOG BASED ON PBL TO SUBJECT STUDY THE DYNAMIC OF HYDROSPHERE AND ITS IMPACT ON LIFE1.Devy Ristiana Wulandari 2.Peduk Rintayati 3.Chatarina Muryani Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir, Sutami Kentingan Jebres Surakarta The aims of this study were: 1) to identify the need of using teaching-learning media digital catalog based on PBL to subject study the dynamic of hydrosphere and its impact on life. 2) to identify the development stages of teaching-learning media digital catalog based on PBL. 3) to identify the feasibility of teaching-learning media digital catalog based on PBL to subject study the dynamic of hydrosphere and its impact on life. The type of this study was Research and Development with Brog and Gall’s development model. The conclusion of this study were: 1) The need for teaching-learning media digital catalog based on PBL was obtained into the category of need. 2) the development of teaching-learning media digital catalog based on PBL has been adjusted and integrated with curriculum 2013. 3) the teaching-learning media digital catalog based on PBL had feasibility value 85.7%, and was feasible to be used in class. Topic: Geographical Education 32 ANIMATION VIDEO MODEL BASED ON SUSTAINABLE HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE IN IMPROVING UNDERSTANDING CONCEPT OF HYDROLOGICAL CYCLES IN SMAN 1 CIMAHI1)Muhammad Nazmi, 2)Ahmad Yani, 3)Nandi Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This study aims to determine the increasing understanding of hydrological cycle concept by using animation model based on Sustainable Hydrological Cycle animation. The study consists of two classes, namely the experimental class is given learning through the animated video model, while the control class without using animation video model. Test of pre-test and post-test as many as 25 questions that have been tested its validity. The results of this study indicate that there are differences in test results between the two classes. The experimental class has an increase of 15.63%, while the control class is only 8.34%. This suggests that improving the understanding of learners concepts by using animated video in the experimental class is better than the class that does not use video animation. Topic: Geographical Education 33 FEASIBILITY STUDY OF NATIONAL GEOPARK CILETUH-PALABUHANRATU AS LEARNING RESOURCES AND GEOGRAPHIC LEARNING MEDIAIgna Juli Triana Marina Bela Norika Dr. Mamat Ruhimat, M.Pd Prof. Dr. H. Darsiharjo, M.S Dr. Iwan Setiawan, S.Pd, M.Si Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia One of the most important of the concept of geopark is the concept of education, the concept of education to be lifted in this study is to utilize national geopark ciletuh-palabuhanratu as a source of learning and media learning geography in SMA Kabupaten Sukabumi. Based on research of feasibility study of national geopark of ciletuh-palabuhanratu as learning resource and learning media of geography at sma Kabupaten Sukabumi, that national geopark ciletuh-portratu as a whole feasible and fulfill criteria to be source of learning in SMA because it can be integrated with Core Competence / Basic Subject Competence Geography and supporting some geography material so it is feasible to be a source of learning geography and interactive learning media by using application-based maps that can be utilized by geography teacher as a reference and study for learners with environmental conditions and the diversity of the landscape that can not be separated from culturdiversity, geodiversity and existing biodiversity, making it easier for learners to explore the geographical phenomena that exist in the book with the existing environment in which they live directly. Topic: Geographical Education 34 TEACHER UNDERSTANDINGS OF PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (PCK) AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN CLASSROOMAhmad Yani, Enok Maryani Department of Geography Education Faculty of Social Science Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Research about mastering Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) have been done by researchers. With population of students who were in teaching practices and geography teacher that in an education and professional training of teachers, prospective teachers and geography teachers showing a very low result in understanding PCK, especially for Geography subject. This research would more deeply researching, whether substantially PCK does not implemented by teacher in classroom. This information is important to prevent a mistake of presumption in geography teacher coaching. With description method, researcher obtained research subject of 20 people from the circle of geography teacher in Bandung City and Cimahi City, West Java. Research result shows that from the aspect of theoretical understanding, teacher were less understand the PCK concept, but from the aspect of implementation partly it has being implemented in the classroom even though they generally not realized what they has been done. Overall, either for theory or practice, PCK have not being understood and implemented well by geography teachers yet in Bandung City and Cimahi City. Topic: Geographical Education 35 CONNECTING CONCEPTS TEST: ALTERNATIVE INSTRUMENT FORM TO ENHANCE THE REASONING POWER IN UNDERSTANDING OF CONCEPTS (CASE STUDY OF GEOGRAPHY SUBJECT)Ahmad Yani, Nurmala Dewi, Rosita Department of Geography Education Faculty of Social Science Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia In an education evaluation there were a lot of known instrument test types such as multiple choices, description, short fills, and matching. All of them has their own excellences, but to enhance a guided reasoning power are still perceived as less. According to meaningful learning theory that based on cognitive and constructivist learning, learning is an effort to enrich addition concept and connecting between new concept with old concept (that has known previously). To measure the relation between two concept or more, in fact there was still no its measurement instrument. This research aims to prove that connecting concept test form is effective to use as an alternative in measuring reasoning power and understanding of concepts. Subject of this research is students of XII grade as participants on the trial. The research result shows that there was a relation between student achievements with test scores. And test instrument has a fairly significantly distinguishing ability. Recommendation of this research is encourage other researchers to develop the model of Connecting Concepts Learning that based on consolidation of relation between relevant concepts. Topic: Geographical Education 36 ECOLITERACY LEVEL OF STUDENT TEACHERS (Study toward Students of Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh)Aida Muliana, Enok Maryani, Lili Somantri Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This study is back grounded by the importance of ecoliteracy for each individual particularly for student teachers. Based on this, this study is aimed to find out how the ecoliteracy level of student teachers. The method used is survey. This study is implemented in eight study programs, with the number of respondents are 240 students. Data analysis is done descriptively toward four aspects of ecoliteracy. The result of study shows that in general student teachers in Universitas Syiah Kuala have ecoliteracy level which fall in medium category. Only in attitude aspect that most students fall in high category. The finding of this study is that the comprehensive policy which had not existed from university cause ecoliteracy level of student teachers still fall in medium category. Based on this, the head of university needs to make strategic policies in the effort to realize the green and eco-friendly campus. Topic: Geographical Education 37 Infographic Design as Visualization of Geography Learning MediaRamli Akhmad, Dede Sugandi, Nandi, Rahmawati Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Infographics is an integration visualization technique that combines text with images into an illustration. Infographic designs are used to convey a complex message or material, into an interesting visual data. Geography as a subject that plays a role in introducing natural phenomena, it is considered very important to choose the right media in visualizing the material well. So this research is done with purpose, can introduce infographic design to educational world, as visualization of interesting media of learning. Especially for schools that have a diversity learner in certain classes. With the media-based design of this infographic will facilitate teachers in teaching and motivating students in learning. Topic: Geographical Education 38 Implementation of Taba’s Model in Geografi CurriculumMukhidin Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The curriculum is part of the discipline of Educational Sciences. Science curriculum is growing rapidly, which was originally defined as the distance that must be taken in a horse race on the Greek era. Until this day the curriculum turned into a lesson plans then changed again according the era. Even in Indonesia are set in the Law of National Education the meaning has changed. Therefore the science curriculum is studied by a number of experts who gave birth to the science curriculum. Science curriculum was developed in the United States, Britain, Australia, Malaysia and Indonesia. The change is due to this demand by everyone from experts, practitioners and users. Position the curriculum is considered important because it is a tool for education for the nation. In this curriculum there are a number of components which greatly affect the learning process. The development of the science curriculum for the more spacious it will intersect with other like management, psychology, science education and science learning. To Limiting that, then there are a number of barriers that protect it such as psychology, and social Philosophy, curriculum objectives, curriculum content, teaching methods, and evaluation. Thus these limits will coloring in curriculum planning, implementation and evaluation. The science curriculum have the limit by studying the history curriculum, curriculum planning models, models of curriculum implementation, curriculum evaluation models, learning models, learning methods and structure of materials in the curriculum. Implementation of the philosophy curriculum at schools, implementation and differentiation curriculum in social and civic. Topic: Geographical Education 39 STRENGTHENING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCY ON ASPECT ABILITY DEVELOPING LEARNING MATERIAL THROUGH TEACHER PROFESSION EDUCATIONEpon Ningrum Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Graduates of professional education are marked with teacher certificate of educator, as a professional teacher. The study focused on the professional competence of teachers on aspects of the ability to develop geographic learning materials. Specifically, this study aims to determine the ability of: (1) analysis of learning materials; (2) strategies to develop learning materials; And (3) designing instructional materials. The research method using the descriptive method. The research variable is the development of learning materials with indicators: learning material analysis, learning material development strategy, and instructional material design. The subjects of the study were 20 participants of Professional Teacher Program Post-SM3T Class of 2016, in the field of geography study. Instruments using. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitative. The results of the study show that: (1) analysis of learning materials based on content standards, basic competencies, and syllabus. Learning materials are determined based on the objectives or indicators of competence; (2) developing learning materials through the identification and selection of learning resources, as sources of teaching materials and supporting information sources; And (3) teaching materials are systematically designed consisting of the core and supporting components. The ability to develop geography learning materials is evidenced by the teaching materials document produced at the Subject Specific Pedagogy Workshop. Topic: Geographical Education 40 THE FORMING OF AWARENESS DISASTER CHARACTER BY INDONESIAN STUDENTS WITH DISASTER EDUCATION IMPLEMENTATIONDavid Rizaldy Semarang State University Indonesian is archipelago country that have more than a thousand islands. Not only bring positive effects, but also Indonesian geographic condition bring negative effect such as the disaster risk. The summary of disaster data in Indonesian till February, 2017 are 695 cases, with 81 die victim and 7.912 unit damage of building (BPS : 2017). The kinds of disaster are flood, landslide, transportation accident, etc. Many ways were done to decrease the disaster risk, effectively one is disaster education. Now, disaster education just combined with general geography and so teoritically. Disaster education is need earlier especially for elementary students and other communities in order to build awareness disaster character by nation. With it, students can act rightly before, when, and after disaster happened. Students knowledge about disaster can decrease the negative effects from disaster especially for die victim. Topic: Geographical Education 41 SOIL-BEARING CAPACITY FOR SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS IN JASINGA DISTRICT, BOGOR REGENCY (DAYA DUKUNG TANAH FONDASI DANGKAL DI DAERAH JASINGA DAN SEKITARNYA, KABUPATEN BOGOR)Muhamad Ziad Baidhowi*1, Raden Irvan Sophian*2, Dicky Muslim*3, Nur Khoirullah*4 *Fakultas Teknik Geologi Universitas Padjadjaran 1Email: ziad_baidhowi[at]yahoo.com 2 Email: van.geo95[at]gmail.com 3 Email: dickgeo86[at]gmail.com 4 Email: nurkhoirullah[at]yahoo.co.id ABSTRACT Jasinga District, Bogor Regency is one of the region which has good potential for the infrastructure development of industrial sector due to its proximity from the capital city of DKI Jakarta. Foundation is a part of an engineered system which transmit the weight supported by the foundations and its own weight to and into the soil and rock underneath. Soil is the set of minerals, organic matter and a relatively loose sediment that lies on a bedrock. Samples are obtained using hand auger. The values of physical and mechanical properties of soil are determined by the result of triaxial test with further use of the Terzaghi’s bearing capacity for shallow foundations equation. Based on the calculation of the soil bearing capacity for shallow foundation on the study area, it is concluded that the appropriate foundation for the study area is the continuous footing for each depths, where at a depth of 1m the allowable bearing capacity is 1.85 tonnes/m2, at a depth of 2m the allowable bearing capacity is 2.53 tonnes/m2, at a depth of 3m the allowable bearing capacity is 3.21 tonnes/m2, at a depth of 4m the allowable bearing capacity is 4.57 tonnes/m2. ABSTRAK Kecamatan Jasinga, Kabupaten Bogor merupakan salah satu wilayah memiliki pontensi yang baik untuk pembangunan infrastruktur untuk sektor industri karena letaknya yang tidak jauh dari Ibu Kota DKI Jakarta. Tujuan dari dilakukannya penelitian ini ialah mengetahui daya dukung tanah pada daerah Jasinga, Kabupaten Bogor. Pondasi ialah bagian dari suatu sistem rekayasa yang meneruskan beban yang ditopang oleh pondasi dan beratnya sendiri kepada dan ke dalam tanah dan batuan yang terletak di bawahnya. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan melalui cara hand auger. Nilai sifat fisik mekanik tanah didapatkan dari hasil uji triaxial test yang selanjutnya menggunakan rumus daya dukung tanah fondasi dangkal menurut Terzaghi. Berdasarkan perhitungan nilai daya dukung tanah fondasi dangkal pada daerah penelitian didapatkan fondasi yang tepat untuk daerah penelitian ialah fondasi lajur untuk setiap kedalamanannya, dimana pada kedalaman 1m memiliki nilai daya dukung yang diizinkan sebesar 1.85 Ton/m2, pada kedalaman 2m memiliki nilai daya dukung yang diizinkan sebesar 2.53 Ton/m2, pada kedalaman 3m memiliki nilai daya dukung yang diizinkan sebesar 3.21 Ton/m2, dan pada kedalaman 4m memiliki nilai daya dukung yang diizinkan sebesar 4.57 Ton/m2. Tanah lempung plastisitas tinggi pada daerah penelitian memiliki nilai daya dukung tanah yang lebih besar daripada tanah lanau plastisitas tinggi. Topic: Geographical Education 42 Learning toward Students’ Reasoning Ability and Geography Learning Motivation (Effective Learning toward Reasoning Ability and Learning Motivation)Bayu Wijayanto, Mamat Ruhimat, Epon Ningrum Department of Geography Education, Faculty of Social Science Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This research based on the importance of the students reasoning ability should be possessed. One of the learning models are conceptually possible can improve the reasoning ability is the problem based learning model. This research aims to determine the implementation of problem based learning toward students reasoning ability, viewed by students learning motivation on chapter contamination, destruction and risk the environment in class XI Social Senior High School 2 Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Learning motivation of this research is the moderator variable with consideration that motivation is one of the factors that are conceptually influence a learning results. This research is a quasi experimental with factorial design 3x2. The technique of data collection was done with ability reasoning test, motivation questionnaire, and observation of learning. Technique of data analysis using statistical T test and ANOVA with SPSS version 20.0 for windows. The results showed that 1) there are differences in students reasoning ability of students in the class that use and do not use the problem based learning model, 2 there is an increased geography learning motivation significantly after using problem based learning, 3) there was no interaction between the learning motivation toward students reasoning ability. Topic: Geographical Education 43 THE EFFECT OF SCHOOL CULTURE TO ECOLOGICAL INTELLIGENCE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN CIMAHI CITYRevi Mainaki; Wanjat Kastolani;Iwan Setiawan Geography Education Departement, School of Post Graduate, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Indonesia is experiencing environmental degradation issues along with the increasing intensity of development in various areas of life. One of the areas in Indonesia that also experience environmental problems is Cimahi City located in West Java Province. This research aims to examine the influence of school culture on the ecological intelligence of secondary schools in Cimahi City as one of the cities in Indonesia that are experiencing environmental degradation. The research has been use survey method based on quantitative approach and correlational research design. The technique of determining the number of samples using stratifield random sampling obtained 36 schools and 260 students as a sample. Data analysis technique used regression. The results showed that school culture with environmental content in it have a very significant effect on improving the ecological intelligence of secondary school students. The results also show that the exemplary aspects of teachers, headmaster and educators are very important in shaping the ecological intelligence secondary school students. Topic: Geographical Education 44 CONCEPTUAL MODELS OF LEARNING MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT BASED ON THE SPATIAL PERSPECTIVEBudi Handoyo, Hadi Soekamto Department of Geography Social Faculty Universitas Negeri Malang Department of Geography Social Faculty Universitas Negeri Malang The conceptual model for learning material development based on the spatial pepective is necessary to realize effective geography learning in acquiring knowledge, improving skills, and fostering geographic student attitudes. Learing materials which is available today have not made spatial approaches as the basis of their development. Location and distribution factors of the phenomena, event, and object of geography have not been fully explained, well described, and analyzed spatially. As a result students do not acquire the knowledge, skills and attitudes that is necessary to solve problems occurring within the spatial context. The purpose of this research is to develop a conceptual model of learning material that based on the spatial perspective in acquiring knowledge, enhancing skills, and fostering geographical attitude. The research use development design. Design of the development is the modified of the Borg and Goll design. There are eight steps are: need analysis, planning, develop preliminary form of product, preliminary field testing, main product revision, playing field testing, revision of product, and the final product revision. The subjects of the research were tenth graders X student of the SMA 5 Malang, one of the Senior High School in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. The number of subject is 28 students. The validator of the material is lectures who has a doctor level on geographic education, and has worked experienced more than five years. The result of the research shows that to develop learning material that based on the spatial perspective can be done with the following steps: (1) determining the topic of the problem, (2) determining the location and distribution of phenomena, an event, or object that is completed by map, (3) explaining the argumentative why phenomena, event or object occurs at that location, (4) explaining the relation of phenomena or objects that occur with other related natural factors, (5) explaining the relation of phenomena or objects that occur with the human factors. (6) using spatial analysis in accordance with the objectives. Topic: Geographical Education 45 BLENDED E-LEARNING MODEL CONSTRUCTIVIST BASED TO IMPROVE SPATIAL ABILITY OF STUDENTS IN GEOGRAPHY INSTRUCTIONALSinggih Prihadi Department of Geography Education Sebelas Maret University Surakarta The problem in this study were: (1) How the feasibility and effectiveness of the model of blended e-learning model constructivist based to improve spatial ability in geography instructional, (2) How the impact of the model of blended e-learning model constructivist based to improve spatial ability in geography instructional in a simple experiment. The research method uses a model of R & D (research & development). Data collection techniques used is to use the observation sheets and interview. In the data analysis, data obtained through assessment instruments during validation and testing simple then analyzed using qualitative descriptive statistics. The results of the data analysis is used as a basis for revising the model developed products. The results are as follows: (1) Models of blended e-learning constructivist based to improve spatial ability in geography instructional, feasible and effective. Is feasible because it is expressed well by a instructional model, and expressed both by expert instructional materials, through product validation activities. Said to be effective because of the increase in the average value in the classroom with online learning value (2). Models of blended e-learning constructivist based to improve spatial ability in geography instructional. Topic: Geographical Education 46 Maritime Attitudes Education to Students through Geography EducationMamat Ruhimat Geography Education Department Faculty of Social Science Education Indonesia University of Education Geography Education is an application of geography in education field. The material study object is geosphere. One of geosphere component is hydrosphere. Span of marine waters has become an instructional topic of Geography Education for a long time. Geography Education, is not only being a knowledge transformation, but it is also a mode for attitude and skill growth and development that related to the other study objects. Planting nautical attitudes is an absolute demand that can not be ignored in Geography Education. Cultivating practices to not throw away garbage into the ocean, singing the songs about sea, introducing marine resources, visiting fisherman activities, fish auction and nautical tourism is the things that could be planted on students from early age through Geography Education. Place, space, and environment, are the main focus of study of geography. Therefore, Geography Education practice must try hard to bring students closer with their environment. Indonesia is known as one of the largest maritime country in the world, but reality shows that even to fulfil the domestic needs of salt, our country have to import it. Orientation of current development is continously about land area exploitation oriented. Education units, starting from kindergarten, elementary school, junior and senior high school are the right times to planted and growth of positive attitudes towards nautical environment. A strong foundation about nautical values based on the diversity of physical and socio-cultural potential of a region, that has been planted in education units environment, later would be expected to grow future generation who really knows, understands and loves the maritime environment in a wholeness frame of NKRI region. Since an early age, loving the sea and nautical things should be grown so that nautical memories of students will be embedded earlier. However, seeing from current condition, loving the sea still have not grown. Geography Education ideally could act as the main instrument to grow nautical attitudes. Topic: Geographical Education 47 The Urgency of Development of Cosmographic Material Based on Al QuranFurqan Ishak Aksa (a*), Bachtiar Akob (b), Sofiyan (c), Bukhari (d), Hamdani (e) a) Department Of Geography Education, Samudra University. Email: furqanishaksa[at]unsam.ac.id b) Department Of History Education Samudra University c) Department Of Mathematics Education Samudra University d)Department Of History Education Samudra University e) Department Of Mechanical Engineering Samudra University Abstract— Higher education aims to develop the potential of learners to become human beings who believe and be cautious to God Almighty, noble, healthy, knowledgeable, capable, creative, independent, and become citizens of a democratic and responsible (Law Number 12 Year 2012). The noble goal can be realized if education is held thoroughly, not only to educate intellectual but spiritual students. This article aims to illustrate the importance of developing Al Qur’an-based cosmographic materials. This is because many verses of the Al- Quran describe the process of the occurrence of the universe. It is certainly very interesting to be integrated into cosmographic teaching materials. The findings of modern science today have much to prove the truth of the Al-Qur’an that was revealed 14 centuries ago. The study of cosmography by integrating the Al-Qurans content can make students as a person who glorifies God and thinks of most of the signs of Gods greatness. This can be an alternative to reduce the "spiritual drought" in cosmographic learning in college so far. Topic: Geographical Education 48 Effect of School Environment to Students Spatial Intelligence with Geo-Literacy as Moderation VariableFaiz Urfan, Darsiharjo, Dede Sugandi Departemen Pendidikan Geografi Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia School environment has an important role in the success of learning geography for the school environment has an influence on the increase in spatial learners. The effect of the school environment on spatial intelligence moderated by geo-literacy. Geo-literacy strong connection with spatial intelligence, because the element of geographical has a role in increasing individual spatial intelligence. This study aims to (1) analyze the influence of the school environment on spatial intelligence (2) to analyze geo-literacy as a moderating variable in the school environment influences the spatial intelligence. The method of this study is survey method with 264 respondents. Data were analyzed using regression analysis with a moderating variable. Results of this study are (1) the school environment have a significant effect on students’ spatial intelligence. It is based on regression weight = 0,364 and p value = 0,004; (2) the geo-literacy does not significantly influence as a moderating variable. This argue based from X1X2 significance value greater than 0,05 is 0,633. However, as independent variable geo-literacy has regression weight = 0,350 and p value = 0,0017. This study concluded that the school environment significantly influences spatial intelligence and geo-literacy is not as significant as a moderating variable but independent variables that affect spatial intelligence. Topic: Geographical Education 49 INTRODUCING MAP LITERACY MODEL OF LEARNINGNuansa Bayu Segara (a*) , Enok Maryani (B), Nana Supriatna (b), Mamat Ruhimat (b) a) Faculty of Education, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Djati, Jl. Perjuangan No 1, Cirebon, Indonesia *nuansasegara88[at]gmail.com b) Faculty of Social Sciences Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia Map is an important media information today. School has renponsibility to give knowledge and skill on how to use map. However, it is only used as a directional indicator instead of being utilized as a teaching-learning media or resources of learning. Actually, teachers realize that map is necessary to increase the quality of learning. They also believe that map literacy skill will be useful for daily activities and is able to improve students high order thinking skills. In answering the needs, a learning model focusing on the map utilization as a teaching-learning media and learning resources was designed. It was developed by ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation). This paper examines the result of the design and development stage of map literacy model of learning. The model arranged is consisted of philosophical and theoretical grounds, social system, teachers role, supporting system, instructional and nurturant effects, and learning principle. Those two stages produce map literacy model of learning’s preliminary design which is ready to be tested. Topic: Geographical Education 50 School Preparedness toward Kelud Eruption Hazard (Case Study on Kelud Disaster Prone Area)Listyo Yudha Irawan, Ita Kurata Ayuni, Sumarmi Universitas Negeri Malang Preparedness is an important thing to be prepared by schools in disaster prone areas. One of volcanic disaster prone areas is Kelud. Schools around Kelud are known not to have good preparedness in the face of eruption hazard. This study aims to understand the school preparedness, especially primary school in the face of Kelud eruption. The research is located in disaster prone area II Gunungapi Kelud in Kediri and Malang Regency. Site selection is based on the impact caused during the eruption period of Kelud Volcano in 2014 includes: SDN 1 Puncu and SDN Pandansari 3. Research subjects include: Principals, Teachers, Students, and Parent Students. The research design used qualitative descriptive technique through in-depth interview data collection and documentation. The results showed that preparedness in the face of disaster is low. Student knowledge is based only on the experience of eruption Kelun in 2014. Topic: Geographical Education 51 Geographic Skills of Elementary School Students in Solving Emergency Flood Response Problems in Kebumen District, Central Java Province IndonesiaOde Sofyan Hardi, Darsihardjo, Epon Ningrum, Nandi State University of Jakarta Geographic Skills of Elementary School Students in Solving Emergency Flood Response Problems in Kebumen District, Central Java Province Indonesia Ode Sofyan Hardi, Darsihardjo, Epon Ningrum, Nandi ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to get information from the students skill in which problem solving ability in emergency response of flood in their area, using quantitative descriptive research method to describe phenomenon of phenomenon that happened, by taking 100 students each education level become respondent respondent 300 Student. Floods can be seen that students are accustomed to flooding, so they know what to do before the flood comes, such as lifting or adding durable goods, preparing rice for bancana and medicines that are considered very important and personal to the family. . Knowledge of disaster mitigation in this aspect of school students knowledge is not appropriate already existed early because disaster in a region has unique characteristics. Activities undertaken aim to reduce the loss of property and human casualties due to hazards and ensure losses are also minimal in the event of a disaster. Includes readiness and mitigation. Similarly knowledge of waste, for knowledge management Aspects Student attitudes toward disaster preparedness can be seen from attitudes toward pre-disaster planning. The students attitude states that the plan, where they will stay when the floods come. Natural disasters often cause casualties, therefore need to be rescued in case of disaster, such as rescue action to be done. If a natural disaster has occurred, the first step to take is self-preservation. Some rescue steps in case of disaster. People who work together in disasters, the role of parents is considered to have a wise attitude in predicting future disaster preparations to be faced. Therefore, parents need education and increase their awareness and understanding of the importance of disaster preparedness and disaster risk reduction. Thus, messages on disaster risk reduction and preparedness on the environmental aspects of knowledge for students are informed of the factors that cause floods in their areas, and the physical and social environment impacts on them. Aspects of attitude, they know what to do and how tendency tendency if the flood disaster comes. Finally, students are also able to solve problems in accordance with the ability to think tailored to the characteristics of the social environment of the family and society and the physical environment where he lived. Keywords: Emergency Flood Disaster, Problem Solving, Student 1 Doctoral Student Program at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia 2 Lecturer at Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Topic: Geographical Education 52 Developing Teaching Model On Geography Literacy Based Social Studies to Improve 21 Century SkillsSugiyanto**); Maryani, E***); Ruhimat, M***) **) Doctoral student at Social Studies Teaching UPI, Homebase at UNS Surakarta; ***) Lecturer on Geography Teaching UPI Geography education has become core teaching in 21st century skill oriented curriculum as it relates to globalization era and global awareness on prominent environment issues by century 21st. Geographical concepts in geography literacy that includes concepts of interaction, interconnection and its implications helps to understand global issues. Those concepts challenges students to critically and creatively solve problems as parts of skills in century 21st. This research is aimed to gather geography literacy based social science teaching to improve skills century 21st. A survey to 13 junior high schools in Surakarta will be employed. Survey to social studies teachers in Surakarta in 2017, shows that mostly (92%) do not understand geography literacy and (70%) shows that they do not understand skills century 21st. Discovery-inquiry model and PJBL remain least used. Frequency of using laptop reach by 54% only. Internet as sources of study is used limitedly in learning process. Based on the conditions, a geography literacy social studies learning model to improve skills 21st century is in need to develop and tested to see its ffectiveness. Topic: Geographical Education 53 THE SCHOOL’S POLICY OF ENVIRONMENTALLY IN DEVELOPING STUDENTS ECOLOGICAL INTELLIGENCEMoh. Dendy Fathurahman Bahrudin, Dede Rohmat, Iwan Setiawan Prodi Pendidikan Geografi, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The objectives of this research were to describe the efforts of the school in developing ecological intelligence and to calculate how much influence schools policy of environmentally sound toward the development of ecological intelligence “Adiwiyata” high school students in Pandeglang. The method of this research was descriptive quantitative. The techniques in collecting the datas in this research were observation, questionnaire, interview and documentation, while data analysis technique used correlation coefficient test, simple regression test and coefficient of determination. The subject of this research was two Adiwiyata schools in Pandeglang, Banten Regency with 296 respondents. The Results of this research indicated that the schools have made a policy to develop an ecological intelligence of students as well as there was a significant influence from the schools policy of environmentally sound toward the development of ecological intelligence Adiwiyata high school students. Other findings showed that the more environmentally school policy applies to the school, then the ecological intelligence of students will be higher. Based on those datas, the researchers recommend the schools to continously improve and evaluate the policies of the school to support the development of the students ecological intelligence. Topic: Geographical Education 54 Mental Map Republic of Indonesia by Student of SMA Sekolah Indonesia SingapuraNandi; Annisa Siviyani: Lili Somantri Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Mental map is a process that allows someone to collect, organize, memorize, recall and explain the information about relative location as well as the sign of geographic environment. Mental map is closely related to Geography and Cartography. Learning geography helps develop and enhance the mental map, knowledge, and also the nationalism and patriotism in students. The aim of this research was to analyze the actual knowledge of the students of Sekolah Indonesia Singapura in mental mapping of the Republic of Indonesia as well as of their nationalism. The research was conducted in Sekolah Indonesia Singapura using survey method with mental map and nationalism as the variables. The data was collected through questionnaire, documentation review and literature review. The population of the research consisted of all students of a Senior High School in Sekolah Indonesia Singapura with the total sample of 37 students chosen with saturated sample as the method. In data analysis, percentage graphic was preferred to show the result. Based on the result, the mental map of the Republic of Indonesia and the nationalism of Sekolah Indonesia Singapura students were considered as high criteria. Topic: Geographical Education 55 The Improvement of Students Cognitive and Social Skill through Problem Based Learning ModelAndri Sunanto Social Studies Education Program, Indonesia University of Education Jalan Setiabudi 229, Bandung, 40154 Indonesia *sunanto27[at]gmail.com In the 21st century, students are obligated to own recent knowledge and skill, both nationally and globally. Therefore, teachers have to be innovative in using learning models in order to improve students cognitive and social skill. The present study aims at improving students cognitive and social skill through problem based learning and discovery learning. Research method used in the study was quasi-experiment at SMP NEGERI 24 Bandung. The result of study revealed that there is no difference between problem based learning and discovery learning in case of improving students cognitive skill. On the other hand, in case of social skills improvement, problem based learning model is more effective than discovery learning model. This happens since in the problem based learning model, the learning process was more contextual, the discussion was more intensive, and students motivation in solving the problems was higher. It is recommended that contextual, active, and cooperative learning model should be applied during the teaching process. Topic: Geographical Education 56 DEVELOPMENT OF GEOGRAPHY LEARNING MEDIA BASED ON ADOBE FLASH ON HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF EARTH IN CLASS X SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 01 GONDANG SRAGENBayu Kurniaaji1, Ch. Muryani2, Sarwono3 1,2,3 Universitas Sebelas Maret Abstrack-This study aims to determine: (1) the needs of learners for the media learning geography history of the development of the earths surface. (2) the feasibility of geography learning media applied to class activities. This research is Research and Development and refers to Plomp model, which consist of 3 phases; (1) Preliminary Research Phase, (2) Phase Development or Prototyping and (3) Phase Assessment. The subjects of the study were 10 high school students. Sampling technique purposive sampling. Data collection techniques used interview techniques and questionnaires. The validity of data using triangulation of source techniques includes learners, teachers, material experts and media experts. Data analysis techniques using descriptive statistics. The results obtained by researchers are: (1) The needs of learners on the media learning geography, among others, experience using the media with the criteria often, characteristic learning style of learners in the visual category. (2) Geography learning media with Adobe Flash is feasible to be used in learning geography in class X Senior High School in Sragen, Topic: Geographical Education 57 The Role of Geography in Four Years Program (Diploma 4) At Land National Academy in YogyakartaArief Syaifullah, and Bambang Suyudi Land National Academy, Jalan Tata Bumi 5, Gamping, Sleman Yogyakarta, Indonesia Land National Academy ( Sekolah Tinggi Pertanahan Nasional) in Yogyakarta is the only higher education belongs to The Ministry of Land Planning/Land National Agency. Recently, as the development increasing, the problems of land are more complicating. The land problem is not a simple. Because of a lot of interests, its problem has some aspects, not only problem of physical, social, administrative, but also juridical. One of the geography content is to study the connection among the physical phenomena and social phenomena, by spatial analysis. It is fit to the nature of land problem that faced by Land National Agency. This article shows the urge of geographical content in educating employees at Land National Agency. The method used is qualitative study, by observing geographical content from curricula of four years program at Land National Academy in Yogyakarta. At the program, research shows that more than 30% the subjects are geographical subjects. Some subjects are pure geographical subjects, others are mixing among geography and other sciences, and the others are non geographical subjects. This is the proof that geography is important for producing the competence employees at Land National Agency. Topic: Geographical Education 58 EFFECTIVENESS OF EXO OLO TASK LEARNING MODEL BASED LESSON STUDY IN GEOGRAPHY LEARNINGNofrion, Azwar Ananda, Syafri Anwar, Helmi Hasan, Ikhwanul Furqon Padang State University The aim’s of this paper is to describe the effectiveness implementation EXO OLO TASK Learning Model in geography learning viewed from: 1) student’s learning activity included individual activity, paired activity and group/classical activity, and 2) students learning outcome. This research method is quasi-experiment. Population in this reasearch is student grade X SMAN 3 Padang with sampel is grade X IS2 student as experiment class and grade X IS 4 class as control class. Sampling technic of this research is cluster random sampling. Data from learning activity collected by learning observation sheet and processed by presentage technic. While learning outcome data taken from student’s daily task value. Result of this reasearch show’s that students who show’s learning activity in level 3 increase after four times learning proccess. While for learning outcome, data distributed normaly with sig. value 0,807 for experiment class and 0,5188 for control class. Data also comes from same varian that proved from sig. value 0,107. T test result prove that there is different between learning outcome from experiment class with control class with sig. value 0,000 whit α 0,05. Topic: Geographical Education 59 Utilization of Used Goods Boleng (Bottle, Cans) to Grow Environment Awareness and Entrepreneurship Soul Students in PKBM Negeri 09 CilandakMasruroh, Neng Sri Nuraeni UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta The background of this research is that environmental issues are still a complex topic and almost all aspects of the life dimension of society. One of the most common environmental degradation is garbage problem, in the city of Jakarta the daily garbage volume is around 6000 tons, the garbage comprises 60% -70% of organic waste, 40% non-organic waste. The waste can be managed by the community that has been involved in the recycling of used materials that are environmentally based one of them with the existence of an empowered waste bank. The purpose of this study is to: 1). Grow awareness and sensitivity to the environment around the learner. 2). Grow entrepreneurship attitude and entrepreneurship skill of learners by utilizing and processing used materials that are easy to get in student environment to become economic value goods. This research uses qualitative methods conducted in PKBM Negeri 09 Cilandak in May 2017. Subjects studied is package B and package C learners. Thus education on the environment should be inserted in the learning in school so that students after graduation into participating communities In decoupling the waste and learning how to cope with waste and utilize used goods such as bottles and cans to be used as economic value goods. The importance of shaping the behavior and understanding of learners in integrated learning with vocational education in schools, so that learners not only learn the material in geography learning about the environment but learners instilled entrepreneurial spirit by utilizing used goods (bottles, cans) that are used as valuable goods Economic as miniature ondel-ondel and vespa. Thus the utilization of used goods in addition to helping to reduce waste, can foster environmental awareness and entrepreneurial spirit of learners to become entrepreneurs. Topic: Geographical Education 60 The Influence of Encyclopedia Media Toward Concept Understanding in Geography LearningRahmatia Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The research was conducted in order to know the influence of encyclopedia media toward concept understanding in geography learning. The research approach used qualitative approach. The method used quasi experiment with research design one group pre test – post test. Sample taking used cluster random sampling. The instrument used questionnaire and objective test with four choices. Data analysis technique in this research was one sample test by using t-test to examine the hypotheses. On the other hand, the requirements of t-test was from normal and homogeneous population. Based on the result of hypotheses examination, it could be obtained tobtained ≥ t value on the table (4,72 ≥ 1,68). So Ho was rejected, it could be concluded that using Encyclopedia Media has the influence toward concept understanding in geography learning. Based on the result of questionnaire, students showed that view and positive response on learning by using encyclopedia media Keyword: Media Encyclopedia, Concept Understanding Topic: Geographical Education 61 Integration Model of Disaster Risk Reduction Principles into School Development Plan of Senior High School in Sinabung Volcano Region, Karo, North Sumatra, IndonesiaDarwin (a). Dwi Wahyuni Nurwihastuti (b) (a) Department of Education Management, Universitas Negeri Medan (b) Department of Geography Education, Universitas Negeri Medan There have been many casualties and property caused by the eruption of Sinabung volcano since 2010 until now and can not be predicted when the eruption will stop. They are including serious impact on 61 schools, i.e. 51 elementary schools, 8 junior high schools and 2 senior high schools. The research objective is to develop a model for integrating disaster risk reduction principles into School Development Plans of Senior High School that located in the Sinabung volcano region. The research method used survey methods, qualitative, and model development. Spatial and non-spatial data are collected from subjects or objects determined by purposive sampling. Data collection techniques were obtained through observation, FGD, in-depth interviews, and documentation studies. The results show that: (1) The theoretical model of integration of the principles of disaster risk reduction of Sinabung volcano eruption is formulated into the School Development Plan document of senior high school. (2) Integration is done through the provision of indicators of principles of disaster risk reduction on the mission, objectives, targets, strategies, programs and activities of the school implementation. The next stage, the researcher will undertake an assessment on integrating disaster risk reduction principles into the curriculum and learning process. Topic: Geographical Education 62 IMPLEMENTATION OF USE OF GENERAL TRANSPORTATION MODE AS STUDENT LEARNING RESOURCES IN IMPROVING ECOLOGICAL INTELLIGENCEAdewi Hidayati, Afifah Nurhayati Indonesian University Of Education Environmental issues around the current learner can be used as an effective learning resource that is expected to build ecological intelligence. Ecology comes from the Greek word oikos ("habitat") and logos ("science"). Ecology is defined as a science that studies both the interaction between living things and the interaction between living things and their environment. Ecological intelligence will help to reduce environmental problems that exist so as to make learners as a sensitive and responsible person to the environment. Ecological intelligence is related to naturalist intelligence. Local problems that surround the learner among others is the problem of traffic congestion that always occur when the morning or commonly called the rush hour. This happens because of the large volume of two-wheeled vehicles and four wheels that pass. By using public transportation modes can reduce air pollution due to vehicle fumes. The importance of raising awareness of ecological intelligence to the community to maintain the balance of the ecosystem on earth. Topic: Geographical Education 63 The Development of Evaluation Model of Learning Result of Social Science Based on Scientific Learning Approach in Junior High SchoolAhmad Yani & Mamat Ruhimat Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This study aims to make the assessment software Curriculum 2013 Field of Social Sciences Studies (IPS) in Junior High School. Research is the third year of three years of research. The first year has been obtained the results of the quality of measurement instruments developed by teachers, the second year of instrument development and validation. The third year is a refinement in the form of a flexible and easy-to-use assessment software. In particular, this third year study aims to: (1) develop assessment software based on a scientific approach in social studies; (2) reducing the constraints faced by teachers in using scoring software based on a scientific approach in IPS learning; (3) knowing the IPS teachers response to the scientific-based assessment software developed. Research method used is research and development (research and development) with three step of research that is preliminary study, model development, and trial. The respondents of the research are 30 Junior High School IPS teachers, both in public and private junior high schools in Bandung. Respondents were asked to utilize the assessment instrument model that has been developed in the form of certain software that observed the level of ease of use and the time required in the utilization of the instrument. Instruments that will be developed there are two questionnaires and test the practice of using software. The results are in the form of: (1) software evaluation of learners learning outcomes, and (2) reference books on IPS evaluation based on a scientific learning approach in the context of the Curriculum 2013. Topic: Geographical Education 64 Fieldstudy Assessment in Geography at Teachers Collage In IndonesiaERS IN INDONESIAAris Munandar, Enok Maryani, Dede Rohmat, Mamat Ruhimat Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Fieldstudy in geography is specific because the laboratorium of geography itself is the nature. Fieldstudy that is done outdoor requires a different kind of assessment. This article is aimed to compare the assessment of fieldstudy at four teacher’s colleges: Indonesia Education University or Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI), State University of Jakarta or Universitas Negeri Jakarta (UNJ), State University of Yogyakarta or Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), and State University of Semarang or Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNES). Study of the document is obtained from Academic Guideline Book (BPA), SOP (Standard Operational Procedure), results of the studies and other documents. The result of the study is intended to figure out the similarity and the difference of the fieldstudy in each study program. There is a diverse variation of fieldstudy assessments, but if observed through the fieldstudys operation mechanism, there are similarities in the following aspects: pre-activity, in term of planning/debriefing (which demands participation, involvement, discipline and teamwork); activity (which demands involvement and participatition); and post-activity, in term of report and presentation/exposure. The difference between assessments is on the kind of product or activity they yield, that are articles, leaflets, and papers (Geography Study Program in UPI). The assignment of the assessment for Geography Program of UNES is different because the 3 (three) supervisorss have different assignments while there is no such different assignment for the other colleges. Topic: Geographical Education 65 STUDENT’S SPATIAL INTELLIGENCE MEASUREMENT ON SOCIAL STUDIES AND GEOGRAPHY SUBJECTS IN ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE EDUCATION LEVELAsep Mulyadi 1, Ahmad Yani 1, Arif Ismail 1, Rosita 2 1 Department of Geography Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia 2 Study Program of Management Resort and Leisure, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Spatial intelligence is a term that inspired by compound intelligences concept or multiple intelligences (Gardner, 1983). This research has making a design of spatial intelligence measurement instrument model that would be develop through further research. Instrument that has been develop tested on all of education level which is elementary, middle, and high school in the frame of Social Studies and Geography subjects of Curriculum 2013 contexts. Research method that used is research and development with three stages of research which is preliminary studies, model development, and trials in three years of research. Subject of this research is the students of elementary, middle, and high school in Bandung City. The result of this research shows that spatial intelligence tools in the form of picture test are relatively potent to measure spatial intelligence. It correlatively shows that the higher education level, spatial intelligence of the students will be more high too. This research have not determine the age limit of spatial intelligence declining on people as the effect of aging. The results of research is truly beneficial to the development of strategy of students spatial intelligence learning on Social Studies and Geography subjects of Curriculum 2013. Topic: Geographical Education 66 The Effect Of Geographic Information System On Spatial ThinkingRiko Arrasyid, Dede Sugandi, Iwan Setiawan Magister Program of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Utilization of GIS media in geography learning aims to improve the spatial thinking of learners. Based on these circumstances, this research seeks to develop a Geographic Information System media that is easy to use and has the availability of data suitable for the interests of geography learning in Indonesia. The question posed is how the influence of GIS utilization on spatial thinking of learners in geography subjects. The experimental method used in this research is quasi-experiment by taking SMAN 15 Kota Bandung as research location. The study was conducted in class XI IPS 2 as experimental group and XI IPS 4 as control group. The quasi-experiment design used was a design with an unequal control group. The instrument used is the test instrument. The test instrument is a multiple-choice test. The analysis technique used was Anava Mixed Design (AMD) of one sample and Kolmogorov-Smirnov. The results showed that GIS application developed through this study showed a significant influence in improving the spatial thinking of learners. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 67 Utilization of vegetation indices to interpret the possibility of oil and gas microseepages at ground surfaceTri Muji Susantoro, Ketut Wikantika, Asep Saepuloh, Agus Handoyo Harsolumakso Center for Remote Sensing, Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Indonesia Research and Development Center for Oil and Gas Technology “LEMIGAS”, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Indonesia Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Indonesia ForMIND Institute (Indonesian Young Researcher Forum) Microseepages is one way to identify the existence of oil and gas below the surface of the earth. Identification of microseepages could be done using remote sensing approaches. One of the remote sensing data that can be used is Landsat 8. The purpose of this study is to map the potential of microseepages on the ground surface of Tugu Barat oil and gas field, North West Java Basin, Indonesia. The Landsat 8 data processing were performed including radiometric and geometric corrections, and vegetation indices calculation. The indices calculated in this study are Normalized Differences Vegetation Index (NDVI), Enhanced Normalized Differences Vegetation Index (ENDVI) and Leaf Area Index (LAI). Based on the vegetation indices, we detected that physical condition of vegetation anomaly served as microseepages location. The results showed that microseepages is identified in the south to the east of the oil and gas field presented by vegetation anomaly. Field survey confirmed the possibility of microseepages is located at yellowish leaf vegetation, high spectral of the leaf at the visible wavelength and low magnetic susceptibility Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 68 Satellite Based to Investigation Process of Urban Heat Island Across The Urban Development and Population DensityYurni Suasti & Muhammad Hanif Department of Geography Padang State University The micro climatic in urban environment has happen as phenomenon urban heat island, some factor be the reasons involved at phenomenon. Remote sensing technology with multi spectral channel, it have available thermal channel, that very use full to investigate process urban heat island across the urban development. GIS model to distribution population density based raster micro structure cells it help to combination remote sensing data and GIS to understanding correlation one each other, in the statistical analyst of urban development, vegetation density, population density to process of urban heat island. In this case maximum temperature have rising. The complex of spatial distribution it has significant difference temperature between central urban and rural. In the urban area with the high value in urban index have positive correlation with temperature changes, and low value vegetation index negative correlation with urban temperature, and population. The vegetation as natural ecology area can to holding on the temperature changes. It can do mention the phenomenon urban heat island across the urban phenomenon have relation very strong to micro climatic change. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 69 Data Extraction Land Use Changes In Suburban Areas In Indonesia Using Remote Sensing ImagesLili Somantri, Nandi, Epon Ningrum, Jupri Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan INdonesia Land use is data which need in spatial analysis for decision making in spatial problem in earth surface. Remote sensing is technology used extraction land use data in accurate and past, suitable with scale required. One of the data must using remote sensing technology is land use in fringe area because encounter change past and dynamic. This paper attempt give conceptual study about land use change in fringe area metropolitan in Indonesia using various type satellite imagery. The contribution this paper is to understand in conceptual for contribute remote sensing technology for problem solving in fringe area in Indonesia. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 70 Spatial Pattern of Chlorophyll-a Concentration in The Waters Areas Around Mouth Of Cimanuk RiverFarrah Intansari(a*), Iqbal Putut Ash Shidiq(a), Eko Kusratmoko(a) a) Department of Geography, FMIPA Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Depok 16424, Indonesia *farrah.intansari[at]ui.ac.id The damming of river would impact river flow discharges fluctuations which could change nutrients entry into estuatries then affects chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a). The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Jatigede Dam in Sumedang District’s function to the condition of Chl-a concentration in the waters around Cimanuk Estuary. In this study, we used a multi-temporal Landsat 8 before and after the functioning of the Jatigede Dam to identify Chl-a concentration. Chl-a will identify by using algorithm Wibowo et.al (1993). This research area was divided into 3 sections, western Cimanuk Estuary region, eastern Cimanuk Estuary region, and the waters between the two estuary. Spatial analysis that used in this study is Trend Surface Analysis. In general, the results indicate that distribution of Chl-a 0.5-1 mg/m3 tend to decrease in the water nearby to land after the functioning of the Jatigede Dam. Furthermore, this study will also discuss the changes of spatial and temporal variations related to river flow and oceanographic factors such as sea surface current. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 71 Flooding Model as the Analysis of the Sea Level Increase as a Result of Global Warming in Coastal Area in LampungAgung Kurniawan Universitas Gadjah Mada The melting of ice layers, as a direct impact on global warming, is indicated from a lesser thickness of ice layers is specifically causing an increase on the sea level. Lampung, as a province that has an ecosistem of regional coast, can be estimated to submerge. Flood modelling can be done to know the estimated flood range. The model of the flooded region is taken from Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data, which is nomalized to get the visualisation of Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The purpose of this research is to know the estimated region of provincial coast of Lampung that is going to be flooded because of the raising of sea surface. This research uses flood inundation technique that uses one of the GIS mapping software. The result can be used as consideration to achieve policy in the building of regional coast. The regions that are flooded based on the scenario of the raising of two and three meter surface sea level are East Lampung Regency, West Lampung Regency, South Lampung Regency, Tanggamus Regency, Pesawaran Regency, and Bandar Lampung. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 72 Application GIS to Analyze Crime Risk In BandungMoh. Dede (a*), Iwan Setiawan (a), Asep Mulyadi (a), Amniar Ati (b) a) Department of Geography Education, Faculty of Social Sciences Education, Universitas Pendidkan Indonesia m.dede.geo[at]gmail.com b) Geography Education Program, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Urban dynamics in Bandung cases various social problems are related to internal security aspects of the city. On 2015, Bandung was recorded as the region with the highest criminality in West Java with 4135 cases. Whereas, Bandung has the most security posts in west Java with 45 posts consisting of 29 police and 16 military posts. Crime prevention efforts can use information technology to present, analyze, and predict spatial patterns of crime for decision-making like Geographic Information System (GIS). This study discusses the application of GIS to analyze crime risk in Bandung as spatial phenomenon. Using quantitative approach, various spatial factors are affecting crime can be determined to know the value and weight as component of overlay analysis with GIS. Overlay analysis results shows 39.02 and 16.69 percentages area of Bandung has very high and high on crime risk category. Based on the analysis, it was found that crime risk in Bandung concentrate in western and central of the city. In addition, the temporal pattern of crime risk increase at 18.00 to 24.00 pm who coverage almost three-fifths of the city. Crime risk condition in Bandung needs responsiveness and preparedness of peoples, security forces, and the government to reducing crime potential for mutual security. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 73 Landslide susceptibility mapping using support vector machine model and Remote sensing data in Cameron Highlands area, MalaysiaHiman Shahabi 1; Baharin Bin Ahmad2, Ayub Mohammadi2 1 Department of Geomorphology, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran 2 Department of Geoinformation, Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia Landslide hazard is more critical for human settlement at hill sites, particularly in tropical countries like Malaysia where heavy precipitation can causes landslides. Ten factors as slope, aspect, soil, lithology, NDVI, land cover, distance to drainage, precipitation, distance to fault, and distance to road were extracted from SAR data, SPOT 5 and WorldView-1 images. The relationships between the detected landslide locations as well as these ten related factors were identiﬁed and quantiﬁed by using support vector machine (SVM) model. In the landslide inventory map including all 92 landslide locations was created based on numerous resources such as digital aerial photographs, AIRSAR data, WorldView-1 satellite images, and ﬁeld surveys. 80% of landslide inventory was used for training the SVM model and the remaining 20% was used for validation purpose. The results indicated the accuracy of SAR data and optical satellite images using the root mean square error (RMSE) method was 0.163. Furthermore, the result of validation based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) method implies that 89 % of the total landslide pixels were properly categorised by the SVM model, which indicate acceptable agreement relating to susceptibility map and the current data from landslide areas. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 74 GIS-based Suitability Analysis for Siting Waterfront Park in the City of Buffalo, New YorkI Ilhamdaniah Department of Architecture Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This study utilized GIS-based suitability analysis for selecting potential areas for a waterfront park and recreation facility development in the city of Buffalo, New York. The overall objective of this study was to determine areas which were suitable for new waterfront recreation facility by taking into consideration the multi-criteria set in GIS-based suitability analysis. Among the criteria incorporated in the analysis were a close distance to a waterbody, low density of existing waterbased park or splash pads, small cost-distance to the nearest existing waterbased park or splash pads, high population change of children per block-group (standardized), low density of existing parks/recreational facilities, and flat landscape slope. For each criterion, raster-based derived map was produced using ArcMap software. The GIS spatial analysis tools utilized to yield the derived maps were measurement of distance, density calculation, surface analysis, and raster-based statistical analysis. The weighting of each criterion was based on current literature. The derived maps were overlaid and calculated in GIS raster environment. The resulting composite suitability map shows the areas with higher raster scores as the most suitable sites for future potential waterfront recreation development. As a result, this study had identified four candidate locations which had the highest suitability score. Caution must be exercised in interpreting the results, due to some subjectivity issues in the GIS suitability analysis, namely in selecting, reclassifying, and weighting the criteria. Nevertheless, this method could assist Buffalo city government in the decision-making process to identify potential locations for future waterfront park/recreation facility in the city of Buffalo. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 75 The Impact of Coral Reefs Destruction and Climate Change in Nusa Dua and Nusa Penida, Bali, IndonesiaDewi Susiloningtyas, Tuty Handayani, Amanda Nurul Amalia Universitas Indonesia Coral reefs are marine ecosystems with one of the highest levels of biodiversity that provide valuable goods and services. Coral reefs are fragile ecosystem and highly vulnerable to overfishing, destructive fishing practices, pollution, and natural factors. Climate change is one of the natural factors that impacted coral reefs. Southeast Asian coral reefs have the highest level of biodiversity for the world’s marine ecosystem. Indonesia hold 12.5% of the world’s total coral reefs area (±58.000 km2). Bali is one of the popular area in Indonesia that becomes part of The Coral Triangle (The Coral Triangle and Marine Biodiversity). This research examines the relationship between the level of coral reefs destruction with climate change index in Nusa Dua and Nusa Penida, Bali Province, Indonesia. This research was based on secondary data of the analyzed LANDSAT 7+ and LANDSAT 8 OLI. The method performed by descriptive and quantitative analysis. The result shows that there is the difference about level of coral reefs destruction in 2012 and 2016. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 76 QUALITY CONTROL AUTOMATIZATION OF ROAD OBJECTS AND RIVER OBJECT STEREOCOMPILATION RESULTS ON ESTABLISHING INDONESIA TOPOGRAPHIC MAP SCALE OF 1:5000 USING ARCGIS DATA REVIEWERSawitri Subiyanto1, Diana Nukita2 1 Geodesy Departemen Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University. Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang, ZIP code 50275, Indonesia 2 Geodesy Departemen Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University. Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang, ZIP code 50275, Indonesia Establishing Indonesia Topographic Map scale of 1:5000 from aerial image consists of several substantial steps. The stereocompilation result must pass the quality control checking. This form contains the quality control parameters. The quality control process of stereocompilation result is done by using ArcGIS Data Reviewer software. In this research the studied objects are road objects and river objects and quality control checking process is bounded by automatic checking by using automated review which is one of the menus on Data Reviewer. The checking is purposed to examine the parameters from the QC form thoroughly and missing points from the quality control process previously. Based on the examination that is done there is parameter addition for the QC form that stands at the moment which is road vertex that intersects needs level elevation. Next thing to notice is the geometry from stereocompilation result is categorized in what order. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 77 Implementation of Spatial Data Infrastructure in Cianjur District for Disaster Risk Management PurposesIrsyad Kharisma1*, Saut Sagala2, Musyafa Syahbid1 1. Spatial System Center, Resilience Development Initiative, Bandung. 2. School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Institute of Technology Bandung. According to the Indonesia Disaster Risk Index, one of the most prone districts to disasters in Indonesia is Cianjur District. The district is exposed to floods, landslides, droughts and geological hazards, such as tsunamis, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Using the existing data that the district currently has, this study aims to explore more deeply about disaster risk management in Cianjur District, and to know whether Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) can be implemented to make disaster risk management better. Commonly used definition of SDI, it is said that SDI is data infrastructure implementing a framework of geographic data, metadata, users and tools that are interactively connected in order to use spatial data in an efficient and flexible way, that is "the technology, policies, standards, human resources, and related activities necessary to acquire, process, distribute, use, maintain, and preserve spatial data. Therefore, this study aims to assess to what extent such framework has been used and can be improved given the characteristics of Cianjur District. This study selects flood data in Cianjur as the case study. The methods used are identifying flood vulnerable area in Cianjur by processing data from Development and Planning Agency of West Java Province, then comparing the results with current data of flood vulnerable area owned by BPBD Cianjur, disaster occurrences in the past and the business model of BPBD as well as coordination with other stakeholders, such as Social Agency and Health Agency. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 78 Sampeu: Servicing Web Map Tile Service over Web Map Service to Increase Computation PerformanceRolly Maulana Awangga Program Studi D4 Teknik Informatika Politeknik Pos Indonesia Open Geospatial Consortium(OGC) has a standard for cartographic over web service; there are Web Map Service(WMS) used by MapServer, Web Feature Service(WFS), and Web Map Tile Service. There is research on comparing two cartography information between WMS and WFS, so this research extends to proposed solution by comparing WMS and WMTS computation cost and created a product called Sampeu. Sampeu has proposed a solution by creating WMTS protocol over WMS. WMTS work on the tile-ing system where is the data transform from big picture to part of the Tile. A lot of Tile making a pyramid of cartography and serving to client one by one, so the computation cost can be decreasing. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 79 Peuyeum: A Geospatial URL encrypted web framework using Advance Encryption Standard-Cipher Block Chaining modeRolly Maulana Awangga Program Studi D4 Teknik Informatika Politeknik Pos Indonesia Many research proposes geospatial web framework over the popularity of Internet. Based on that, research on securing geospatial web framework is necessary. In this research aimed Peuyeum. Peuyeum is geospatial web framework with Encrypted Universal Resource Locator(URL). Advance Encryption Standard(AES)-Cipher Block Chaining(CBC) chosen as the method in this research. By calculating attack time, the brute force attack will reduce by this approach and resistance time will improve. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 80 Colenak: GPS Tracking Collector based on QR-CodeRolly Maulana Awangga Program Studi D4 Teknik Informatika Politeknik Pos Indonesia Many Research on GPS Tracking Subject and classification of data, but no one collaborating using QR-Code. QR-Code was a traditional method to save data into a graphical 3D bar. This study proposed the classification of data collector by using QR-Code with a real-time process by pushing data to a server. QR-Code provides Universal Resource Locator(URL) of web service for receiving tracking data from the device. These scenarios build in one software called Colenak. Colenak runs in Android platform and uses the internet connection to communicate with the server. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 81 Spatial Analysis Determination of Floating Net Cage in Lembeh Island, Bitung CityJoyce Christian Kumaat, Jovelien Laloan, Shalihin Bollonggodu Geography Department, Faculty Social Science Universitas Negeri Manado Bitung City has the largest contribution to fishery production in North Sulawesi Province, this is supported by the breadth of waters and fishery facilities are adequate, One of the areas in the city of Bitung potential for the development of aquaculture with KJA system that is Lembeh Island. Seen from geographical location, part of its territorial waters in the strait, where this area is protected area from hit by wave other than that condition of waters which still sustainable. Aquaculture with the KJA system has begun to develop, but not yet seen the production results are so significant. The problems faced by the cultivators in Lembeh is lack of spatial data and information about the suitability of the location or location of fish cultivation with KJA system. This study aims to determine the level of conformity of aquaculture with KJA system in Lembeh Island and Identify the extent of conformity of aquaculture with KJA system in Lembeh Island. In this study, the parameters used for the analysis of conformity of aquaculture with floating net cage system is divided into two categories namely; 1) Physical parameters that include; Parameters of protection, bottom waters subsids, brightness and current velocity. 2) Chemical parameters that include; Dissolved Oxygen-DO parameters, pH, salinity, nitrate and phosphate. The parameters are used as the basis of the scale of assessment and weighting on the suitability of aquaculture with KJA. The results of the analysis of the suitability of aquaculture cultivation of floating net cages in Lembeh Island with a total area of 2395.38 ha of observation area. For the suit, suit (S1) of 227.81 ha located in the waters of Kecamatan Lembeh Selatan with an area of 101.48 ha while in the waters of Kecamatan Lembeh Utara with an area of 126.34 ha. For the class according to conditional (S2) of 1161.75 ha, which is located in the waters of Kecamatan Lembeh Selatan covering 774.51 ha while in the waters of Kecamatan Lembeh Utara covering 387.25 ha. For the suitability class, unsuitable (N) of 1005.81 ha located in the area of Kecamatan Lembeh Selatan covering 245.54 ha and for the waters of Kecamatan Lembeh Utara covering 760.28 ha. Topic: Geographical Information Science and Remote Sensing 82 E-TAX SYSTEM AS A TEACHING MEDIA TO STRENGTHEN THE LECTURE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEMPrayoga Bestari Department of Civic Education Faculty of Social Science Education Indonesia University of Education This paper is aimed to give understanding on an e-tax system as the teaching media in strengthening the understanding on the lecture of local government system. E-government is a nowadays phenomenon in the world to fix the quality of services towards society and the internal efficiency of the government’s organization. E-tax system policy in operating local government system is understood as an order changing on local government which in turn affecting the systemic changing related to employee performance system, service system, licensing system, and workforce management system. Besides, an e-tax system as one of the public service models which can be a solution in overcoming the local bureaucracy and public service still becomes the obstacle in actualizing the good and clean government. Topic: Geography of Governance 83 Climate-related Disasters and Institutional Capacity in Peri-urban Areas of Bandung Metropolitan Area, IndonesiaNurrohman Wijaya Department of Urban and Regional Planning Institut Teknologi Bandung Climate-related disasters, including flooding, storm, and landslide, are frequently happened disasters in a typical tropical country, like Indonesia. One of the significant areas that should be paid more attention is peri-urban areas. These areas area mainly to support the activities in the urban centre, however, in term of spatial aspect, it is a transition area between fully urbanized in cities and predominantly agricultural area. Some local administration governments are embedded in these areas that affect to institutional challenge and cooperation. There is less attention to discuss the climate-related disasters in peri-urban areas in term of risk management, and institutional capacity among different local governments. This paper aims to examine to which extent the response of different government institutions looking at disaster risk management in peri-urban areas. Bandung Metropolitan Area is selected as a case study. Forum group discussion and interview with key informants were conducted. It can be found that the context, actors, and capital are influencing the response of peri-urban’s government institution regarding climate-related disasters. Understanding the issue, cooperation among stakeholders and assurance of financial aspects are really required to implement a better disaster risk reduction and governance in peri-urban areas. Topic: Geography of Governance 84 POTENCY OF WATERFRONT TOURISM IN PALEMBANGMaharani Oktavia, Eni Heldayani Geography Education Study Program Faculty Of Teacher Training and Education PGRI University of Palembang Palembang city is a tourism destination attraction of the that has the potency of waterfront tourism. This becomes one of the great opportunities in the development of the city of Palembang, but in its implementation there are still many potency that have not been explored optimally. The purpose of this research is how the potency waterfront tourism object in Palemban City. Research method uses survey method. Techniques of collecting data using interviews, observation, and document recording. The results showed that the potency relevance of waterfront tourism object in the city of Palembang has the potency to be developed into a modern and dynamic tourist package. Potency of waterfront tourism objects has internal and external need to be added and taken into consideration as well as the participation of the community and government in the development of tourism Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 85 HOSPITALITY SKILLS OF HOMESTAY HOSTS AT CILETUH PALABUHAN RATU NATIONAL GEOPARK, INDONESIAEnok Maryani, Epon Ningrum, Nandi, Rosita, Ahmad Yani Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The National Geopark of Ciletuh, located at Palabuhanratu, West Java, Indonesia is being proposed to become UNESCO Global Geopark (UGG). As a tourism spot it already has type of acommodation called homestay, where local people provide their houses for the tourists to stay over. It concentrated in Taman Jaya Village, Ciemas District area, with the amount of about 80 houses. The hospitality service given by the hosts is very conventional since they, as the hosts, lack of knowledge and skills competence in hospitality. This research was try to describe the level of knowledge and skills competence in hospitality of homestay hosts in Taman Jaya Village area by employing descriptive approach. The study population are 80 homestay owners and subjects involved as respondents are 20 hosts.The results showed that the knowledge of the respondents was very low and the hospitality skills were inadequate to serve both national and international tourists. It is recommended to conduct planned training with participatory learning approaches and andragogy. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 86 TIPOLOGY OF TOURIST BROMO TENGGER SEMERU NATIONAL PARK AS A BASIC PLANNING INTEGRATED TOURISM SYSTEM DESIGNAgus Purnomo, I Nyoman Ruja, Listyo Yudha Irawan State University of Malang Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) is one of the National Strategic Tourism Area in East Java. The development is planned to begin in 2017 is gradually to improve the quality of service to tourists. Malang Raya area which includes Malang City, Malang, and Batu City is an area directly related to this Destination Region (DTW). With the number of tourist arrivals reaching 3.5 million by 2015 there needs to be identification of tourist characteristics as the basis of planning facilities and services provided for tourists. Tourist identification is done by descriptive approach of quantitative survey method. The data analysis used is a single tabulation to find out how the pattern of tourist character who came to TNBTS include: (1) tourist origin, (2) information about TNBTS, (3) lodging location, (4) means of transportation used, (5) power Drag the attraction, and (6) affordability. The result is that there needs to be a development of nature-based and culinary-based tour packages to facilitate Young Trevellers tourist typology, and Taste and Try, Single and cultural interest-based packages to facilitate tourist typology Coocon trevellers, Retirement, Honey mooners, and Field study Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 87 HALAL TOURISM AND THE HARMONY BRINGS TO MUSLIMS IN JAPANRosita Department of Resort and Leisure Management Faculty of Social Science Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia As a non-muslim country Japan also addressing halal market in its industry development. The halal concept is becoming todays trend topic in Japan not only food and drink but broader applied to tourism. Related to that phenomenon this study tried to explore how is the mushrooming of the halal concept in tourism affecting muslims living in Japan both Japanese and non-Japanese. 15 muslims were interviewed by answering open questions by email or by Whatup chating. Their answers showed that muslims felt more welcomed and being understood more by Japanese after the halal tourism were widely known through the media. Besides, they felt easier and confortable to travel around Japan today. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 88 A FACTOR ANALYSIS OF VISITORS MOTIVATION IN VISITING THE GEOLOGY MUSEUM OF BANDUNGShafaat Muhammad Marwa, Fitri Rahmafitria, Rosita Indonesia University of Education The demand of the Geology Museum as cultural attraction in Bandung is getting lower nowadays. From the 2011-2015 data, it shows that some decreases undeniably took place since 2013. Most of the visitors come to Geology Museum due to the school program that has been arranged by their teachers. In order to identify the visitor preference in visiting museum, this present study was then conducted using motivation factors as the variables. This study will be beneficial. In addition, the method of this study was a factor analysis which grouped the factors to the dominant factors that influenced the visitor motivation. The results of this present study showed that the main dominant factor is the main attraction. As a result, the management should pay more attention to the maintenance and make an innovation through the various activities in the museum. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 89 The Shared Economy and Social Engineering: Its Implication for Tourism DevelopmentHeri Puspito Diyah Setiyorini Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This article will analyze the conceptual framework of how technology could change the social system at the shared economy scheme and its implication on the tourism business dynamics in global work. Shared economy involves with people in the community for utilizing their resources for enhancing their economic opportunity potentials. The examples of shared economy activities are the activation of Uber, Gojek, Grab, or Air BnB. Those activities are supported by the application made by the advancement of technological changes. The community has changed their economic potentials activities as the result of the technology advancement. Thus, it also describes that the social system are engineered to change due to the technological changes. Hence, this paper would examine the practice of technology application, the social system engineering, and shared economy has also given effects on tourism development. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 90 The Impact of Tourism on SocietyPurwanti Dyah Pramanik and Rahmat Ingkadijaya SEKOLAH TINGGI PARIWISATA TRISAKTI This research explained how tourism activity influenced the society who lived in the village around them. The impact that was elaborated in this study was “economic, socio-cultural, and environmental” aspects. Pasir Angin Village is close to Puncak where hotels, villas, and tourism destination are built. Every weekends people from downtown such as Jakarta, Tangerang, Depok, and Bekasi visit Puncak for leisure. This tourism activity affect the society who lives around Puncak. Those bring around both negative and positive sides of economic, socio-culture, and environment. This was quantitative research and descriptive analysis. The research was located in Pasir Angin village. Respondents of this research were 99 residents of Pasir Angin village. This study concluded that there were advantages of developing tourism destinations to their neighbourhood. The advantages and disadvantages rose among economic, socio-cultural, and environmental aspects. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 91 Tourism Geography of Small Lodging Distributions in JakartaRachel Dyah Wiastuti (a*), Diena Mutiara Lemy (b), Nurbaeti (c) (a) Hotel Management Department Bina Nusantara University Jl. KH Syahdan No.9, Palmerah, Jakarta 11480, Indonesia * rwiastuti[at]binus.edu (b) Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata Pelita Harapan Jl. M.H. Thamrin Boulevard. Tangerang, Banten (c) Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata Trisakti Jl. IKPN Bintaro. Jakarta The booming of Indonesia tourism economy caused new investment in lodging industry. The newer node of lodging development is shifted away from luxury high-end lodging to economic high quality lodging. Virtual Hotel Operator (VHO) concept in Indonesia has been rising in 2015 and become the solution for small non branded lodging industry to overcome the problem in improving the standard of service and product. More than 1000 lodging properties all around Indonesia have join partnership with different VHO. The purpose of this study is to investigate small lodging business distribution in Jakarta towards the development of VHO concept. This is qualitative exploratory research. Attribute data of location, room prices, and chosen VHO from all small lodging business were gathered through content analysis from Nida Rooms, Airy Rooms, RedDoorz, Zen Rooms and Tinggal. The results outline geography distributions that consist of chosen operator distribution, location distribution, pricing distribution and facility distribution as well as distribution channel. Implication of this study provides detail information and analysis in the distribution of small lodging industry in Jakarta where most of the researches focus only in well- established and branded lodging industry. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 92 Tourism Village Model Based on Local Indigenous: Case Study of Nongkosawit Tourism Village, Gunungpati Regency, SemarangKurniasih, Syafitri Amalia Sudibyo, Fajri Nur Winda Universitas Negeri Semarang Nongkosawit Village officially becomes tourism village since 2012. However, the economic impact has not been received by the society, because the tourism village model is not suitable to Nongkosawit’s local indigenous. Therefore, this study aims to define the best model of Nongkosawit Tourism Village based on its local indigenous. This research used Analitycal Hierarchy Process method. Research variables are observed from criterion which describe local indigenous, such as traditional daily activities of the society to fulfill the capability of human resources variable. Ancient heritage in the form of old building, grave yard of Wali Songo and sendang to fulfill the criteria of infrastructure and facilities. The result of this research show that chosen model alternative to develop Nongkosawit Tourism Village is tourism model based on cultures by score of 58%. Tourism criteria with priority impact toward local indigenous is friendly services attitude. Those two reflect characteristic and original culture of the village, skills as village uniqueness in craft, arts and culture, tourism awareness group as their participation based on kinship also communication that still preserve Javanese as daily language. Therefore, it is essential to re-orient nature-based to culture-based tourism village by emerging and exploring existing culture through unique tourism product. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 93 Tourist risk perception and management readiness towards natural disaster in IndonesiaFitri Rahmafitria, Ghoitsa R. Nurazizah, Agus Riswandi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Indonesia is wellknown as a natural disaster prone region. In spite of that Indonesia also popular for its natural destination which had drive tourists to visit. Unfortunatelly both local tourist and management seems to be ignored the mitigation system, which are considering the system before, on site and after disaster happened. This research is analyzing wheater there is an influence between tourists perceived on disaster and management readiness with tourist willingness to visit. The study was conduct by an on line survey to 211 tourists, who had travelled to a nature destination in Indonesia during last 3 years. The result shows that there is a significant influence between tourists’ knowledge on mitigation and management readiness with tourists’ intention to visit the destination. The more the tourists have a good knowledge on destination proneness and disaster management system, the more they likely to visit the destination. And the better management has provide mitigation system, has also drive tourists intention to visit. The interesting result also shows that disaster proneness has no impact on tourists willingness to come as they still visit for a second and more time. The implication on this has become a reference of how important is the mitigation system to be developed in a natural destination. The well developed mitigation system become a key to minimize the impact of natural disaster on a destination. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 94 LOCAL PRODUCTS OF LOK BAINTAN FLOATING MARKET IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN PROVINCEDeasy Arisanty (1), Ellyn Normelani (1), Herry Porda Nugroho Putro (2), Moh. Zaenal Arifin Anis (3) (1) Geography Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, deasyarisanty[at]unlam.ac.id (2) Master of Social Science Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin (3) History Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin Lok Baintan floating Market is located in South Kalimantan Province. Floating market is a flagship and icon for the Province of South Kalimantan. Activities in the floating market is buying and selling products that produced by local communities. The product is both a processed and unprocessed natural product. The objectives of research are to analyze the local product in Lok Baintan Floating Market. Research data is obtained through questionnaires and interviews to traders in the Floating Market. Traders in the Floating Market are women. Respondents in this study are 50 traders. The results showed that the local products sold in the Floating Market are from plantation and fishery products. The proceeds of the plantations are oranges, pineapples and bananas which are the result of a typical swampland plantation. Fishery products sold are patin which is found in the territorial waters of swampland. The products of they sell are still in the form of raw goods. There has been no community innovation to process the results of plantation and fishery products. Merchants also sell handicraft products, such as purun hats, and baskets. Purun hats and baskets are handicrafts derived from purun plants that grow in swamp lands. Traders also sell traditional cakes such as bingka and tatak amparan. In addition, there are traditional dishes such as gangan keladi, and gangan humbut. The cuisine utilizes agricultural products in swamp lands. Products sold in the Lok Baintan Floating Market utilize natural products in swamp lands, but still limited processing, so that variations in the product are still very limited. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 95 HEALTHY RURAL TOURISM WITH GOOD MANAGEMENT IN PENGLIPURAN BALI – INDONESIALestari Ningrum, Savitri Hendradewi, Nurbaeti Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata Trisakti The involvement of the villagers in developing, maintaining and managing the village is the key to the success of a rural tourism. Villagers are the main drivers of rural tourism activities, where local people are direct owners of tourism resources that tourists can consume. Successful commitment built to hereditary makes Penglipuran village as a rural tourism with clean and healthy environment condition. The management of a rural toursim entrusted to one of the villagers and elders of Adat village makes Penglipuran village laden with awards and known in the world of tourism. The principle of Sapta Pesona has been implemented also by Penglipuran village. The success of Penglipuran village in managing the village environment can be an example for other rural tourism. The management of bamboo forest, the commitment of citizens and visitors to non-smoking, commitment and cooperation in the management of citizens waste, and awareness of the cleanliness of the environment is something that is not easy to do because it takes the struggle to be able to realize it. However, if the initiative comes from the villagers then everything will be easy to implement. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 96 SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOURIST CIBUNTU VILLAGE, CIBUNTU REGENCY, WEST JAVAVienna Artina.S (1), Wijayanti D.P (2), Runi Yulianti (3) Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata Trisakti, IKPN Bintaro, Tanah Kusir, Jakarta, Indonesia The Cibuntu village is one of the beautiful village of Kuningan District,West Java. Cibuntu village is geographically located on the Southern city of Cirebon and Eastern part of the province of West Java with a total area of 274.651 ha and a population of 978 capita. SWOT Model is a kind of research methodology used for conducting a comprehensive assessment for development. SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats activities and analysis. This article presents the SWOT to analysis the tourism development in Cibuntu rural tourism. That can be used as a reference for the local government authorities to design tourism development in Cibuntu rural tourism. Village tourism is a tourist activity that utilizes natural resources or cultural resources originals. This research focuses on sustainable development of the rural areas in Cibuntu village, the internal factors and the external factors. The Sustainable development of the rural areas in Cibuntu village were analyze by adapting 4 items from SWOT. The objective of the present research is to identify and examine the effects of expansion of tourism on sustainable development of the rural areas in terms of economy, society-culture ecology and institution. The field research are used to identify and analyze the strengths, weaknesses, threats and challenges of tourism in villages and examine the effect of tourism on the sustainable development of Cibuntu villages. The result based on SWOT analysis show that Cibuntu village was expected to be a rural village for tourist destination, it has a natural potential because situated at the foothills of Ciremai mountain, it has a natural outcome in the form of vegetables and fruits and also has a historic relic sites stone, and it also has the potential of its traditional culinary tourism. Finally, some recommendations are provided for the development of tourism. In the process, data collection, both library and field methods are applied to make a descriptive and analytical presentation. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 97 Properness of Kuta Traditional Village as Education Tourism ObjectAji Setiawan, Mamat Ruhimat, Wahyu Eridiana Department of Geography Education Faculty of Social Science Education Indonesia University of Education Tourists always have desires to find out the details about object that would be visited as a stock of experience to determine their tour activity. Education tourism is an alternative of tourism development that more emphasized on education aspect generally. Kuta traditional village is potential to be developed as education tourism object, but still there is no inventory of the properness study yet. This research aims to inventoryzing the potential and analizing properness level of Kuta Tradional Village as education tourism object. Research method that used in this research is survey with observation technique, interview and documentation towards location, subject and people activity. Enhancement analysis is used to measure the level of object properness. Inventory of education tourism object potential are divided to three types, which is culture education, history, and environment. The research result shows that there is 31 education tourism objects. From 31 objects, one of them is not proper, 8 are categorized as less proper, 19 are categorized proper, and 3 objects are categorized as highly proper. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 98 The Impact of Experiential Value Toward Behavioral Intentions of Tourists in the Taman Buah Mekarsari (Survey of Tourists who Visit Taman Buah Mekarsari)1) Ayu Windira, 2) Bagja Waluya, 3) Yeni Yuniawati 1) 3) Manajemen Pemasaran Pariwisata, Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia 2) Departemen Pendidikan Geografi, Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Nowadays the problems that are being faced by the tourism destinations is the low level of tourist behavioral intentions, it happened in agritourism destinations such as Taman Buah Mekarsari. Taman Buah Mekarsari as the agritourism is an nature tourism destination that combaine agricultural activities and recreation. Taman Buah Mekarsari is working to improve behavioral intentions of tourists by implementing experiential value. Independent variable in this study is experiential value (X) consisting of atmospherics, entertainment, enjoyment, escape, efficiency, excellence, and economic value. Dependent variable is behavioral intentions (Y). The concept of experiential value in this study by Amoah et al (2016, p. 421) that experiential value is the customer’s experience of value through joint engagements and benefits derived at a destination. The concept behavioral intentions, that used is from Zeithaml (in Kuruuzum and Koksal, 2010, p. 10) behavioral intentions is the description the tourist behavior consisting of repurchase intentions, willingness to communication word of mouth, willingness to make a complaint, and the behavior of price sensitivity of a product and service. The type of this research are descriptive and verificative with explanatory survey and cross sectional approach method. The sample in this study are 100 respondents of tourists, the sampling technique is systematic random sampling. The data analysis technique and hypothesis testing used multiple regression. As the result, experiential value influence to behavioral intentions and entertainment has get the higest score of tourist experiential value. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 99 Potential Analysis and Development of Reservoir Water For Ecotourism At Gajah Mungkur Dams, Wonogiri RegencyChatarina Muryani 1, Sigit Santoso2, Rahning Utomowati3 1,2,3 Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A Kentingan, Jebres, Surakarta 57126 Indonesia 1chatarinamuryani[at]staff.uns.ac.id Gajah Mungkur Dams in Wonogiri Regency has been developed into a tourist area but the tourism industry is less developed. This research aimed to 1) analyze the potential and the barriers ecotourism development of reservoir water, 2) analyze the direction of developing reservoir water ecotourism. Data collection through field observation, laboratory analysis of water and interviews. Data analysis for the potential and barriers of the water reservoir ecotourism was done using qualitative descriptive, while for the direction of reservoir water ecotourism development was done using SWOT analysis. The result showed 1) The reservoir water at Gajah Mungkur Dams is very potential as ecotourism for touring around the dams, organic keramba,water park and traditional attraction; the barriers of the water reservoir ecotourism development are reservoir retreading, the water quality and environment sanitation; 2) The result of SWOT analysis for the development of water reservoir for ecotourism are to maximize the strength; increase opportunities and eliminate weaknesses. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 100 DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF DAYAK HALONG CULTURAL TOURISM AREA IN BALANGAN REGENCY, SOUTH KALIMANTAN PROVINCEDeasy Arisanty (1), Ellyn Normelani (1), Herry Porda Nugroho Putro (2), Moh. Zaenal Arifin Anis (3) (1)Geography Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, deasyarisanty[at]unlam.ac.id (2) Master of Social Science Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin (3) History Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin Abstract Dayak Halong is a tribe that inhabits in Balangan Regency. Dayak Halong area has been used as a cultural tourism area. The activities of traditional and cultural ceremonies become a cultural tourism attraction. The purpose of this study is to analyze the development strategy of Dayak Halong cultural tourism area. The data are obtained through interviews to traditional leaders, which the number of respondents is 5 traditional leaders. Data is also obtained through secondary data from the tourism office of Balangan Regency. Data analysis is SWOT analysis. The results show that strength of cultural tourism area is cultural attractions throughout the year, and the support of government and community in tourism activities. Weakness of cultural tourism area is low of tourism promotion both from government and community. Opportunity of cultural tourism area is traditions carried out from generation to generation, and existence of a tourist community. Threat of cultural tourism area is socio-cultural changes when one culture becomes a commercial tourist attraction. Management strategy is the development of tourism products involving community participation, improvement of tourism infrastructure facilities, and increased tourism promotion in an integrated manner. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 101 ANALYSIS ON SOCIAL CAPITAL OF COMMUNITY AT SUBAH VILLAGE TAYAN HILIR IN TOURISM DEVELOPMENTOF LAKE LAITLeo Saputra1,ChatarinaMuryani2.Puguh Karyanto3 Postgraduate Program of Education,University of Sebelas Maret Abstract This study aims to determine(1)development of Lake Lait tourism object at TayanHilir as a tourism area(2) social capital of community at Subah Village TayanHilir in the tourism area development of Lake Lait. The study is a descriptive research, population of entire head of families at Subah Village, data collection technique used is Cluster Random Sampling with 135 families. Data are collected through direct interviews to the informants.Results of the study show that(1) Lake Lait tourism object has started to experience a rapid development,for instances in physical,such as Accessibility the widened road to the tourism location,clean water facilities, showers and toilets, numerous restaurants and the number of villas built around the area of Lake Lait;(2) social capital of the community which could be functioned in the tourism development of Lake Lait area great social network,an openness attitude and a willingness to advance, also a strong tradition and culture. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 102 Tourist Movement Patterns between Tourism Sites in DKI JakartaFaizah Finur Fithriah, M.H. Dewi Susilowati, and Nurrokhmah Rizqihandari University of Indonesia Jakarta as the capital city of Indonesia is one of tourist destinations in Indonesia. Various attractions in this city is triggering tourists to visit, even when their movement is limited. This movement limitation is caused by traffic jam and the lack of supply from public transportation provided.This study aims to analyze the difference of tourist movement patterns based on distance, mode of transportation, and tourist typology in DKI Jakarta. The method used in this research is direct interview and observation which analyzed with spatial descriptive analysis. The result of the research shows that the majority of tourists in Jakarta only visit one tourism site or move in single point pattern with the type of individual mass tourist according to the distance between tourism object, time to pass by traffic jam point, and selected transportation mode. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 103 ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY-BASED TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN TOURISM OBJECT GAJAH MUNGKUR WONOGIRIErmika Usmu Jannah1, Ch. Muryani2, Moh. Gamal Rindarjono3 1,2,3 Universitas Sebelas Maret This study aims to identify: (1) the level and inhibiting factors of community participation, 2) the direction of community-based tourism development in Wonogiri Multipurpose Dam. The data were collected by field observation, documentation, and interviews with stakeholders in Wonogiri Multipurpose Reservoir Tourism Area. Data analysis are using descriptive qualitative and SWOT analysis accompanied by analysis of sustainable tourism development 3A (Attractions, Accessibility, Amenitas) as supporting data. The results of this research shows that: (1) the level of community participation is still low, and the inhibiting factor of public participation is the low of public perception about tourism potency and opportunity, the tourism object is only centered on one location, and spatial arrangement, (2) based on SWOT analysis, the direction of community-based tourism development is suggested, as resulted in increased tourist attraction in the Wonogiri Multipurpose Dam in the form of community involvement (planning-evaluation), spatial planning, and maximizing the promotion. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 104 Utilization of Green Belts to Woodland Tourism in Support the Development of the Ecotourism at Serbaguna Wonogiri DamsSeptian Fajar Dwi Prabowo1, Ch. Muryani2, Rahning Utomowati3 1,2,3 Universitas Sebelas Maret This research aims to identified: (1) the potential location for developed to woodland tourism, (2) obstacles development woodland tourism, (3) direction development of green belts to woodland tourism in support the development of the ecotourism at Serbaguna Wonogiri Dams. The data were collected by field observation and analysis laboratory then matching between the land’s quality on the condition growing plants in accordance with their condition land to determine plant will cultivated and benefits for conservation reservoir. Data analysis are using descriptive qualitative. The results of the research shows that: (1) there are 3 locations can be developed to woodland tourism, (2) obstacles found is the lack of public participation in change agricultural land rent to woodland, the majority of green belt in northern many have become settlement, accessibility is bad, (3) directions development are educate the community about the importance of sustainability green belts against reservoirs and increase accessibility. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 105 AN OPPORTUNITY ON EXPLOITING LOCAL WISDOM IN THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE GEOTOURISM AREA MANAGEMENTGilang Suryawan, Wildani Supriadi, Dicky Muslim Fakultas Teknik Geologi ,Universitas Padjadjaran Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM-21, Jatinangor, Jawa Barat Indonesia archipelago has a complex geodiversity and rich in culture. Each region has various local wisdom and order. These diversity gives a lot of opportunities in utilizing wide range of landscapes as an integrated geotourism area. Hence, various culture and local wisdom on geotourism area need to be managed well. This study is expected to provide a picture of how the culture and local wisdom are utilized as a supporting and enhance the quality in the geotourism area management. This paper was written by the assesment of qualitative and comparative description of geotourism region in various areas of the regency such as Padalarang Karst area (West Bandung Regency), Harau Valley (Lima Puluh Kota Regency), Bantarujeg (Majalengka Regency), and Sianok Canyon (Agam Regency). Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 106 Community Perception on the Waste from Wooden Batik Craft in the Krebet Tourism VillageDyah Widiyastuti, Budi Kamulyan, Mukhlison Center for Tourism Studies, Universitas Gadjah Mada Recently many villages have developed into one form of tourism destination because of their potential that can be managed to become a tourist attraction. In this study, the tourist village taken as an object was a tourist village in which there is batik craft on wood as its main tourist attraction. Krebet Tourism Village is located in Sendangsari Village, Pajangan District, Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta. Krebet Tourism Village provides many benefits to its community which creates business opportunity for them. Wooden batik production activities in Krebet tourism village have a positive impact in job creation and improve the welfare of community. Along with the advancement of industrial activities of wooden batik, emerged various impacts caused by human activities that play a role in it. The problem was caused by the wasteful process of material and energy that burden the environment while increasing production costs. Though a good production process should not only pay attention to the safety and side effects of waste during the process, but also must reduce the waste in order to create harmony with the surrounding environment as a tourist village attraction. Therefore the sustainable development of tourism in Krebet Tourism Village is needed to maintain positive benefits from tourism. This study aimed to see how far the Krebet communitys concern for waste generated from the wooden batik industry to support the development of Krebet as a tourist destination village. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 107 The Development of Attraction Zoning of Campus UPI Campus as Edutourism Area (Mapping of Attraction with 3 Dimensional Technique)Enok Maryani & Nanin Trianawati Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The existence of UPI dictionary has long been one part of the attractiveness of Bandung. As a teacher training center (formerly IKIP) with Isola heritage building, a location in North Bandung that provides cool, comfortable and quiet air. UPI was in a very strategic position that is in main road of Dr. Setiabudi path North Bandung. Along with the strategic role of education, UPI develop various facilities whose main purpose is to improve the quality of education. These facilities include biological parks, museums, sports facilities, meeting and arts buildings, laboratories, mosques, lab school (Kindergarden, elementary, high school), and faculty that are centers of educational and non-educational development. Visits for comparative studies, seminars, workshops, competitions, Olympiad, performances, until marriage ceremony, are often held at the UPI Campus. Position and condition of the above, potential for UPI to become the center of educational tourism (edutourism), as a variation of the attractiveness of North Bandung in particular and Bandung in general. This study aims to (1) make a zonation of the attractiveness of UPI Campus as Edutourism area using 3 Dimensional data, (2) view visitor profile (3) measure the number of visitors coming and the attractiveness of visitor version. The study used documentation, mapping and survey studies. Documentation study was conducted to know the facility of UPI in more depth to see feasibility as edutourism, mapping done through SIG for 3 dimension mapping, and Survey through accidental sampling to know profile and kemenarikan UPI visitor version. The results of this study indicate potential UPI for edutorism, with zoning attractiveness that clearly indicates the variation in each of the zones, making it possible for travelers to stay long for educational purposes. The profile is a learner for the purpose of adding insight, knowledge and developing research. From the results of this study recommended to the UPI to manage each zone of professional edutourism for example through the umbrella of clear rules, professional management by involving students, identifying scientific excellence in each faculty, and events are well organized. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 108 Water Based Tourism and Recreation Challenges in West Java ProvinceReiza Miftah Wirakusuma Management of Resort and Leisure Program Indonesia University of Education reizamiftah[at]upi.edu This Research examine the opportunity of recreation in West Java Province Water Based Tourism. The popularity of Tourist Attraction in this province was getting increased since inter regency infrastructure were widely finished in 2016. Mobility of domestic tourists were intense during school and public holiday align with multiple injuries and accident. Furthermore, the government should be aware to create multiple choice of policy to create secondary tourist attractions. The methods used Water and Land GIS Mapping survey to identify zone intensity. It was divided by the matrix of intensity (lowest, very low, low, middle, high, very high and highest) and spatial decision (Urban, Rural Residence, Front Country, Backcountry, Remote, Semi-Primitive and Primitive). The focus of this research was classifying and developing Water Based Tourism Activity such as Whitewater Rafting, River Tubing, Snorkeling, Boating and other possible activities. Temporary result of this research will be beneficiary for operator to create new activities in order decreasing high demand during peak season. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 109 DARK TOURISM AND RELATIVE LOCATION: a spatial interaction between the sites and visitorsIndra Kusumawardhana Bina Nusantara University Faculty of Economic and Communication School of Tourism Destination Syahdan Campus Jl. K.H Syahdan No.9, Palmerah, West Jakarta – 11480 Tel. +62 21 5350660 E. ikusumawardhana[at]binus.edu Despite academic interest in tourism as the unstoppable worldwide promising industry, there is a more sophisticated set of practices and thinking that could distinguish the site among a mass and package tourism products such as the niche tourism product of dark tourism. While geographers described that three location force factors in this earth are the critical aspects to understand a visitation to tourism-related destination such as absolute, relative and geographic. Dark tourism scholars understand the visitation on a location because of the relationship between the site and death, tragedy or historically violent has happened, which left a value or otherwise. However, a limited study has yet to involve a connection between geographical discussion of locations to enter the realm of a dark tourism site through relative location themes. This paper seeks to address this research lacuna between ‘Kota Tua Jakarta’ , officially known as Kota Tua and ‘Museum Taman Prasasti’ that commonly branded as the Netherland’s old graveyard. Through the voices from both of the two sites’ visitors towards the sites’ spatial interaction within the local interdependence aspects such as situation, accessibility or isolation, and potential for contact. The study aim to stimulate an alternative framework thinking to enhance Jakarta’s dark tourism places and space for a greater meaning, character, and different from others. Topic: Geography of Tourism, Leisure, and Global Change 110 The Impact of Physical and Chemical Properties to Form Slip Surface in Piroclastic Breccia in Pawinihan Landslide, BanjarnegaraINDRA PERMANAJATI 1,4), ZUFIALDI ZAKARIA2), MOCHAMMAD SAPARI DWI HADIAN2), HERRYAL ZOELKARNAEN ANWAR3), RACHMAD SETIJADI4) 1)Doctoral student of Geological Department Padjajaran University, Bandung 2)Lecturer of Geological Department Padjajaran University, Bandung 3) Indonesian Institute of Research, Bandung 4)Geological Department, Unsoed, Purbalingga Pawinihan Landslide in Banjarnegara that occurred in 2006 is a landslide that occurred in Piroclastic breccia. Landslide occured in breccia material that has weathered. So this study will discuss the influence of weathering to form sliding surface. Weathering as a result of a natural process because the influence of the atmosphere and hydrosphere condition will change the physical and chemical conditions in the rocks. These changes will affect the decrease in the strength of the rock. So this study will focus on the influence of physical and chemical weathering to landslide. The method used is the British Standard BS EN ISO 14689-1 to differentiate levels of weathering, and then perform sampling the physical, mechanical, and chemical weathering on different levels. Furthermore conduct a study of slope stability by differentiating layers of weathering level. The results obtained are sliding surface at a rate of weathering 3 in accordance with conditions on the ground, but rather shift up to conditions on the ground. This is possible because of the presence of tension cracks at locations thereon. Topic: Hazard and Risk 111 THE ANALYSIS OF LANDSLIDE VULNERABILITY MAP AND THE LEVEL OF SCHOOL PREPAREDNESS IN ENCOUNTERING LANDSLIDE IN GUMELAR SUB-DISTRICT, BANYUMAS REGENCYAnnisa Hadiyati Maulidya Sani1, Chatarina Muryani2, Moh. Gamal Rindarjono3 Postgraduate Program of Education,University of Sebelas Maret Gumelar is one of sub-districts in Banyumas Regency where landslide frequently occurs. It is because most of areas in Gumelar have the slope from 15% until more than 40% dan high rianfall, 1,000-3,000 mm/year. This research aimed to discover how high the level of vulnerability to landslides and the level of school preparedness in encountering the hazards in Gumelar sub-district. Areas vulnerable to landslides were determined by employing overlay method with rainfall, land slope, soil type, and land use as the parameters. While the sample of schools was obtained by employing purposive random sampling, selecting junior and senior high schools located in landslide prone areas. Data of school preparedness was obtained through interview and questionnaire. The research results revealed that there were three catogerize of vunerability areas : High (65,7 km2), Moderate (26,5 km2) and Low (0,93 km2), also there were five villages categorized had high vulnerability that were Samudra Kulon, Tlaga, Cilangkap, Paningkaban, and Karangkemojing. While the level of school preparedness in encountering landslide was categorized as moderate Topic: Hazard and Risk 112 DISASTER MITIGATION ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLESWahyu Eridiana 1, Mustolikh 2, Beny Wijarnako Kertopati 3, Murdiyah Winarti 1 1 Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia 2 Universitas Muhamma Purwokerto 3 Universitas Pasundan The existence of a community will not be detached from the natural environment, housing them for generations, they are very understanding of natural ecological environment, so that they treat the natural ecological environment intelligently. In his view of the universe is not the only source of eksploatasi but as the home of living together which continue to be protected, cared for, and laid out, because people must have a responsibility towards nature, with emphasis on principles of morally regulating how humans manage or use natural resources. Kuta is a hometown community of indigenous peoples who still firmly run the ancestral traditions, customs and Chairman kuncen position is very important in controlling the implementation of the tredisi. The ancestral tradition of the community of hometown Kuta filled with wisdom in treating nature, in accordance with the tradition of the ecological condition of the hometown Kuta. Preventive efforts conducted by the disaster mitigation Kuncen and custom Chair delivered through indigenous ceremonies, which contains advice-advice in order for community pikukuh kanu adat, so hometown Kuta to avoid disaster. Principles of local wisdom contains the elements of the mitigation disaster, is the preservation of the traditional House, banning burial of corpses and banning the manufacture of wells, the sacred forest preservation based on the rules and systems of farming pamali rainwater. Fourth it becomes customary norm that binds society because societys spiritual beliefs are sourced from hometown Kuta. Topic: Hazard and Risk 113 Joint Structure and its Influence to Landslide Potential in Cisokan Drainage Pattern, West Bandung, IndonesiaNovian TRIANDANU(1), Ichsan ALFAN(2), Dicky MUSLIM(3) , Dasapta Erwin IRAWAN(2) 1. Faculty of Geology, Padjadjaran University, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia 2. Postgraduate Program of Hydrogeology Institute of Technology Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia 3. Postgraduate Program of Geology University of Padjadjaran, Bandung 40115, Indonesia Study area is located around Cisokan Drainage Pattern, West Bandung, Indonesia. Topography characteristic around the study area is hilly landform with steep – very steep slope. Study of slope stability become necessary to prevent and to minimize the effect of landslide. The aim of this research is to analyze the slope characteristic that may cause landslide. Several methods used in this study such as desk studies and fieldwork. Desk studies consist of geomorphology analysis. Fieldwork consist of geological surface mapping, outcrop analysis, rock sampling, and joint density mapping. Result of this study shows that the study area consist of sandstone belongs to Citarum Formation and intercalation of claystone and sandstone. Intrusion also found near fault zone. The average orientation of strike and dip is NE-SW. Joint density analysis shows that the average orientation of major stress is relative to NE-SW. Fault Plane analysis shows that there are two major faults in this study area, there are oblique strike-slip dominated fault and normal fault which has major stress relatively oriented to NW-SE and NE-SW. The conclusion of this research is that the study area is highly prone to landslide due to steep – very steep slopes, the presence of soft sedimentary rocks, tectonic influence, rock weakening due to the presence of intensive joint, high erosion activity, weather influence and land clearing in several area, located in shear zone which has high tectonic influence and become highly potential to reactivate and affect the durability of slope and may cause landslide Topic: Hazard and Risk 114 RAINFALL ANOMALY IN THE FLOOD PERIOD IN DKI JAKARTA IN 1996, 2002 AND 2007Mangapul Parlindungan Tambunan Department of Geography Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences University of Indonesia Spatial and temporal studies of rain anomalies were carried out in DKI Jakarta. This study aims to: assess the rain anomaly as the cause of flood in DKI Jakarta. Flood is studied from geography using spatial approach. The data collection of physical condition of the landform is obtained through interpretation of Topographic Map, Geological Map, and RBI Map. Data on flood areas (area, depth and length) were obtained from survey and flood incident data obtained from Kimpraswil (PU) of DKI Jakarta, and West Java, rain data obtained from BMKG. The analysis of spreading and spatial distribution is done spatially and temporally using Geographic Information System (GIS) tools, while rain analysis is done descriptively on a scale of 1: 50,000. The results of the research suggest that there are differences and similarities of rainy anomalies in the prone areas of flooding in DKI Jakarta. Topic: Hazard and Risk 115 Risk Communication in Reducing Flood Risk in JakartaErna Mariana Susilowardhani; Lidia Djuhardi; Iis Yulianti Study Program of Communication Science, Tanri Abeng University, Jakarta-Indonesia; Faculty of Communication Science, University of Persada Indonesia Y.A.I, Jakarta-Indonesia; Direktorat Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Deputi Bidang Pencegahan dan Kesiapsiagaan BNPB (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana), Jakarta-Indonesia Jakarta is an area that is frequently facing flood. With its condition which is located in low plain, surely it will be a reception area of water flowing from upper plain around Jakarta. Human may strongly have a contribution in causing flood. Therefore, it needs a strategic effort to increase the awareness of Jakarta’s people to keep their environment from the danger of flood which in this case is the authority of BNPB (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana/ National Disaster Management Agency). This research base on communication sciences’ perspectives, especially the study of risk communication. Researchers use qualitative-descriptive approach. Interview and observation as primary data. While literary review and documentation as secondary data. To validate the data, the researchers use the technique of triangulation of method. The result of this research is expected to give feedback to the institution of BNPB in order to provide a strategic communication message to the people to reduce flood risk. Topic: Hazard and Risk 116 DRAINAGE ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSE OF FLOOD DISASTER IN CIENTEUNG VILLAGE, BANDUNG REGENCY, WEST JAVASiti Mulyani, Achmad Rifai, Nita Novalia Padjadjaran University Flood is a serious problem that occurred in South Bandung area, especially in Cienteung Village, Bandung Regency, West Java. Flooding is caused by very poor water drainage, the impact of causing illness, pollution of water, broken road connections, and many other losses. The method is used in this research is remote sensing, weighting method, and literature study to find out the cause of water drainage in Citarum River causing flood in Cienteung Village. From the result of the research, it is known that the cause of water drainage disruption is caused by the lithology of the research site in the form of alluvium material with the characteristic of fine and impermeable so that the water will be flooded on the surface, besides the slope of flat slope (0%-2%), dense settlement, wet rainfall (0.179478), And the density value of the river in the southern part of the research area is relatively dense so that it will channel water to the downstream with a large volume. So that causing drainage disruption and drainage improvement needs to be done downstream (research location) with the transfer of residential land function into a good area of drainage water. Topic: Hazard and Risk 117 EVACUATION SIMULATION ROUTE MAP FOR EARTHQUAKE (Case Study in Sayangan Hamlet, Kotagede Complex, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)westi utami & Nurhadi STPN & UGM Sayangan Hamlet which is situated in Kotagede Complex Area, Yogyakarta Special Region is exposed to the physical, socio-economic, and environmental vulnerability. The vulnerable condition, however, has not been supported by a safe evacuation route to reduce the risks of earthquake impacts. Therefore, this study designed an evacuation route map for the hamlet by employing a staged route of evacuation model, i.e. by mobilizing victims to a temporary evacuation site first and then continued to a final evacuation site. There are several stages in developing a method of evacuation route in Sayangan Hamlet including: assessment of road class; determination and assessment of temporary evacuation site; preparation of temporary evacuation route; determination and assessment of final evacuation site; preparation of the final evacuation route. The result of the study, this evacuation route model was applied in Sayangan Hamlet since the existing roads the hamlet were mostly narrow (less than 3 meters) with high and fragile walls/buildings running along the right and left sides. The evacuation route was organized by considering road safety, road width, and road length and accessibility to reach the evacuation site. Evacuation route map for erthquake in Kotagede expected to support disaster risk reduction. Topic: Hazard and Risk 118 DEFORMATION AND STABILITY ANALYSIS OF BREAKWATER STRUCTURE IN MOROSARI COAST, DEMAK, CENTRAL JAVARICO WASKITO PUTRO, SURIPIN, DENNY NUGROHO SUGIANTO, DESSY APRIYANTI DIPONEGORO UNIVERSITY The coast is an area on the waters edge that is influenced by high tide and low tide. The phenomenon that occurs on the coast of Indonesia is the occurrence of erosion. Morosari Coast has experienced erosion that destroys coast areas and breakwaters (Judges, 2014). Currently the wave breaking condition has changed. Therefore, research needs to be done to observe the changes that occur in terms of the position of the structure, the shape of the structure, the carrying capacity of the soil, and the consolidation of the soil. This research was conducted with the intention to identify, examine and examine the influence of waves on the damage and movement of monitoring point of Morosari Coast breakwater structure in Sayung Subdistrict, and gives an overview of the changes that occurred. Therefore it is necessary to analyze the movement, carrying capacity, and consolidation on breakwaters after changing the shape of the structure. Stability control is done in terms of carrying capacity of the soil. Stability of land carrying capacity is very necessary to know the resilience factor of structure breakwater at Morosari Coast. Based on the analysis of the movement of the monitoring point, the breakwater structure of Morosari Coast experienced the movement of the point either horizontally or vertically. The magnitude of movement in the breakwater structure in 2011 has a large average horizontal movement of 3.331 cm and the average vertical movement of 2.988 cm. The magnitude of movement in the structure breakwaters in 2013 has a large average horizontal movement of 4.165 cm and the average vertical movement of 2.491 cm. Next direction of horizontal movement of monitoring point tend toward northwest, direction of vertical movement decrease at breakwater structure in 2011 and at structure breakwaters year 2013. The amount of land consolidation value based on data from BBWS in the breakwater structure in 2011 amounted to 2.066 cm, the value of land consolidation of the breakwater structure in 2013 by 2,400 cm, the value of land carrying capacity (SF) of the breakwater structure in 2011 was 10.402, the value of power Support the ground (SF) structure of the breakwaters of 2013 by 10,310. The amount of land consolidation value based on the data from the results of 2016 measurement in the breakwater structure in 2011 of 1.655 cm, The value of land consolidation of the structure of the breakwaters in 2013 amounted to 1,970 cm, The value of land carrying capacity (SF) of the breakwater structure in 2011 was 13.361, The value of land carrying capacity (SF) of structure breakwaters in 2013 amounted to 12.937. The result of evaluation of the relationship between the movement size, the value of land consolidation and the carrying capacity of the soil, shows that between the movement and the land consolidation value has a linear relationship. Furthermore, the relationship between the value of soil consolidation with soil carrying capacity (SF) has the opposite relationship. The value of soil consolidation and soil bearing capacity (SF) has the opposite relationship, since the value of SF is influenced by the volume of the structure and the pressure on the structure. This is why breakwater 2011 is more stable than breakwater 2013, because the volume and pressure value at Breakwater 2011 is smaller than the value of volume and pressure in breakwater 2013. Topic: Hazard and Risk 119 Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation integration in peri-urban areas: a case study of Bandung Metropolitan Area, IndonesiaNurrohman Wijaya Department of Urban and Regional Planning Institut Teknologi Bandung Disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) become current priorities of the national governments in order to minimize the impacts and risks. Nevertheless, the communities or local government units are the front position of preparation, mainstreaming and implementation of DRR and CCA in affected and vulnerable areas. In order to achieve vulnerability reduction, CCA and DRR integration into development planning is required. However, Indonesia, which is considered as one of the most vulnerable areas to climate change impacts and natural hazards, is still not yet much attention to the integration process into its development planning. Although, there is effort to deal with this situation in the early stage; there is limited research on the integration process at the local level. DRR and CCA measures have seen as two different things and fragmented matter. One of the significant areas that should be paid more attention is in peri-urban areas, where are mainly to support the activities in the urban center. However, in term of spatial aspect, it is a transition area between fully urbanized in cities and predominantly agricultural area. Some local administration governments are embedded in these areas that affect to institutional challenge and cooperation. This study attempts to assess to which extent the local governments have considered the significance of DRR and CCA integration into its development plan. Focusing on urban flooding, several challenges and barriers are investigated. Bandung Metropolitan Area is selected as a case study. Forum group discussion and interview with key informants were conducted. It can be found that the context, actors, and capital are influencing the response of peri-urban’s government institution regarding climate-related disasters. Understanding the issue, cooperation among stakeholders and assurance of financial aspects are really required to implement a better disaster risk reduction and governance in peri-urban areas. Topic: Hazard and Risk 120 THE ANALYSIS OF VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE LEVEL OF DAS SAMIN DOWNSTREAM SOCIETY IN FACING FLOOD DISASTER IN SPATIAL PERSPECTICIwan Setiawan Sebelas Maret University Of Surakarta Jl. Ir. Sutami no.36A Kentingan Surakarta 57126 Email: Iwanissi[at]gmail.com The purpose of this research is to map the level of flood vulnerability and to know the level of resilience of Das Samin community in facing flood disaster. Mapping of flood prone areas is one of the non-structural flood control methods, while the twenty first century flood prevention paradigm is making harmony communities with floods. Analysis of flood prone areas using scoring with the help of Geographic Information System on four parameters of vulnerability that is Rainfall, Land Use, Soil Type and Slope Tilt. While resilience level analysis using resilience scale from Carron-Davidson Resilience scale with 25 question obtained with questionnaires. The results of the flood vulnerability parameter data include Rainfall (1000 -1.500, 1500-2000 mm/year), Land Use (Rice and Settlement), Soil Type (Gromosol, mediteran dan aluvial) and Slope (0-2%) so that the result is Das Samin Downstream area has a level of vulnerability very high. While the resilience of the community with questionnaires of 50 respondents in the results that the community Das Samin Downstream has a very high resistance in the face of flooding average 117,28 so is very resistance Topic: Hazard and Risk 121 Feasibility Study of Crushing Plant Location at Quarry Andesite, West Java, Indonesia, using Rock Mass Clasification and Kinematic AnalysisM Ammar Azzam (1*), Mochammad Rinaldi (1*), Satrio Wibowo (1*), Zufialdi Zakaria (2), Dicky Muslim(2), Agung Mulyo(2) Faculty of Geological Engineering Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang, Hegarmanah, Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia In engineering of open pit mine, safety is the most basic thing to be focused on, especially the slopes in the mining area. Hence, characteristic of rock slopes need to be determined precisely and accurately to identify the stability of the slopes. This study is done in andesite quarry slope in Jelekong, Bandung District, West Java, Indonesia, which is the location of crushing plant construction by Widaka Indonesia Inc. The purpose of this research is to determine the mass characteristic of andesite quarry slope in order to know the slope feasibility level as a construction location of crushing plant. The method used to determine the mass characteristic is by identifying the rock mass based on RMR (Rock Mass Rating) by Binieawski (1989) and also the type of failure, which could potentially happen based on kinematics analysis. The slope condition is analyzed based on field investigation and laboratory test results. RMR value shows that the rock mass is between 63-78, which is included into class II (Good Rock). Kinematics analysis also gives result that the rock slope will not have a failure or in other words, in a stable condition. Based on the research results, the location is suitable to construct a crushing plant. Topic: Hazard and Risk 122 RMR and SMR classification based on study case of Andesite Quarry in Jelekong, West Java, IndonesiaM Ammar Azzam (1*), Satrio Wibowo (1*), Mochammad Rinaldi (1*), Zufialdi Zakaria (2), Dicky Muslim (2), Agung Mulyo (2) Faculty of Geological Engineering Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang, Hegarmanah, Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia In the case of an open pit mine, a rapid assesment is necessary to determine rock stability. Kestabilan lereng batuan dapat ditentukan dari kualitas batuan dan sudut kemiringan lereng tersebut. SMR (Slope Mass Rating) is one of the methods to analyze stability of slope based on RMR by Bieniawski. Romana (1985) had published SMR classification, divided the value of stability of slope, and gave advice to type of reinforcement for each SMR values. Laubscher (1975), Hall (1985), Orr (1992) modified the SMR value to determine the safety tilt angle for slope to prevent it from failure. The case study is located in andesite quarry in Jelekong, West Java, Indonesia. The RMR values of Andesite is between 63-80, SMR Romana (1985) value is between 46-63.7, SMR Laubscher (1975) 65, Hall (1985) 65.95-77, and Orr (1992) 74-82.3. Based on previous calculation, SMR valuation based on Laubscher theory is the smallest, which is 65o. Based on analysis results, the slope tilts value from the SMR is included in IIB and IIIB (Romana, 1985) are in quite stable condition. Therefore, types of reinforcement that are recommended are systematical rock bolting and installation of nets. Topic: Hazard and Risk 123 CLOUD TO GROUND LIGHTNING IN SOUTH TANGERANG1. Anton Widodo, 2. Deni Septiadi, 3. Sobirin 1,3) Departement of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics & Natural Science, University of Indonesia, 2) State College of Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics (STMKG) Cloud to Ground (CG) lightning is one of the weather elements that can cause disaster. The areas of Jabodetabek are areas that have high lightning strike frequency and often cause damage to infrastructure such as electricity network. Spatial pattern of CG lightning strikes in South Tangerang city is a subject in this study. Lightning strike frequency data obtained from lightning detector in Meteorogical, Climatological and Geophysical Agency (BMKG) Kemayoran, Jakarta from 2012-2016 and processed with unit analysis of 1Km x 1Km or 100 Ha. Spatial lightning strike frequency analysis is distinguished in average periods of rainy season, transition 1 (rainy season to dry season), transition season 2 (dry season to rainy season) and dry season. The results of the analysis showed that the highest frequency of lightning strikes in the rainy season is 64 times, 91 times in transition season 1, 67 times in transition season 2 and 20 times in the dry season, occurred in high-density residential areas. Topic: Hazard and Risk 124 Rate of Subsidence Due to Primary Consolidation on Cileles Village, Jatinangor SubdistrictYuni Faizah (1), R. Irvan Sophian (1), Agung Mulyo (1), Hendarmawan (1) (1) Faculty of Geological Engineering, Padjadjaran University Jln. Raya Bandung-Sumedang Km. 21, 45363, Jatinangor, Sumedang, Jawa Barat, Indonesia Jatinangor is an area of education in Sumedang Regency. Because many educational institutions established in this area, Jatinangor had a high level of infrastructure development. Soil plays an important role in determining the security level of infrastructure built on it. Imposition on the surface due to building load can have an impact on land subsidence. This study aims to determine the engineering properties of soil in research area, so that can know the rate of subsidence due to primary consolidation because of building load. The engineering properties of soil obtained from laboratory tests, such as unit weight, moisture content, void ratio, porosity, specific gravity, coefficient of permeability, angle of internal friction, cohesion, preconsolidation pressure, coefficient of consolidation, compression index, and swelling index. Based on the calculation bearing capacity of soil for general shear failure condition with strip footings type, the value of allowable bearing capacity ranges from 0.433 kg/cm2 – 12.064 kg/cm2. Assuming the building load addition is equal to the value of allowable bearing capacity, within 1 year the land subsidence is about 0.43 cm - 11.37 cm. Topic: Hazard and Risk 125 THE VALUE OF LOCAL WISDOM SMONG IN TSUNAMI DISASTER MITIGATION IN SIMEULUE REGENCY, ACEH PROVINCEAhmad Nubli Gadeng, Enok Maryani, Dede Rohmat Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia When tsunami occurred in 26th December 2004, the number of people who died in land Aceh Province were 300.000 people whereas in Simeulue only 7 people who died. It is supposed that there is local wisdom in Simeulue community. The study is aimed to reveal the form of local wisdom smong in Simeulue community. The verification qualitative approach is used to test the ability descriptively. Data collection technique used in-depth interview, participatory observation, documentary study and literature study. Data analysis technique used Delphi method. The result of study showed that the local wisdom smong is tsunami early warning system which is implemented by Simeulue community through manafi-nafi (folkfore), mananga-nanga (cradlesong to lull a baby to sleep), and nandong (humming). Besides, morphology and the land use very support the mitigation toward tsunami. The people who live behind the hill are protected by lush vegetation as tsunami breakwater. The local wisdom smong is socialized through appeal information boards and songs included in UKM products which much consumed by community. All these ways become effective in increasing the community’s knowledge of tsunami disaster mitigation. The government consistency to socialize smong need to be intensified to young generation in order that the local wisdom smong is not disappeared in Simeulue community. Topic: Hazard and Risk 126 Optimization of Artificial Recharge Well Function in Complex of Campus UNY YogyakartaSuhadi Purwantara Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta The ever-prevalent flooding in the Yogyakarta suburbs is not diminishing but growing every year. The same thing happened in the campus complex of UNY Yogyakarta and its surroundings. Campus UNY and its surroundings with an area of 65 hectares is always flooded at some area when it rains with a somewhat high intensity. It is understandable because of the magnitude of run-off with drainage channels is less balanced. The other thing is that too much of the recharge area space is lost because the open land has been converted into buildings. How large is the recharge area on campus UNY? How big is the volume of rainwater that is accommodated in this campus complex? How many artificial recharge wells are needed? To answer the problem, this research is aimed to know the built land and un built land, rain water volume prediction, and prediction of the optimal number of recharge wells. This research uses data in the form of rainfall data, data of land area built using satellite imagery, infiltration data, permeability, and absorption well data has been built. Using the rational method Q = C.I.A, calculated the amount of discharge and the estimated volume of rainwater. Based on the volume of rainwater it can be used to predict the number of recharge wells. To determine the depth of recharge wells used DPU formula. H = D.I.At - D.K.As / As + D.K.P. The result shows that the area of infiltration is only 39%, because a lot of land that should be strategic to be open space such as parking lot or garden yard, converted into constructed land of concrete and cement. The volume of rainwater for a maximum rainfall of 60 mm / hour is estimated at 168,800 m3. The prediction of the number of recharge wells should be 276 units of artificial recharge wells, while the recharge wells built by all units on this campus are only 128 units. Topic: Hazard and Risk 127 The Evacuation as Festival Moment: A Space-Time Construction for Alternative AdaptationYasin Yusup Geography Education FKIP Universitas Sebelas Maret In response to the eruption as a moment of refreshing people in the third disaster prone area of Merapi evacuate independently alongside livestock to the village in a secure zone more than 20 km outside the disaster prone area. This action is a concrete form of life in harmony with the hazard and the resources of Merapi because when the eruption occurred both moments of hazards as well as moments of resources is underway. The evacuation as a refreshing moment reflects that the residents of the disaster-prone area of Merapi understand and try to align themselves with the rhythm of Merapi as reflected by the expression of the citizens: “the time to get away must get away, the time to go back must return again, not to leave home, garden forever, but do not be unaware its time to get out of the way” ["wayahe nyisih kudu nyisih wayahe bali kudu bali, ora kudu ninggalke omah tandur sak lawase ning ojo penak-penak nek wayahe kudu nyisih"]. This space-time adaptation mechanism is what the writer calls "empan papan-empan wektu" that is a concrete form of construction of space-time adaptations that are different from the permanent relocation of citizens from disaster-prone areas such as government initiated. Topic: Hazard and Risk 128 Lahar Characteristics of Sinabung Volcano Eruption in Karo North Sumatra IndonesiaDwi Wahyuni Nurwihastuti Department of Geography Education, Universitas Negeri Medan Mount Sinabung was a dormant volcano during 400 years in Karo North Sumatra Indonesia. Now, Mount Sinabung is an active volcano. The eruption that occurred on August 29, 2010 was the beginning of the re-appearance of volcanic activity of Sinabung after 1600. Sinabung Volcano erupted again in September 2013 until now (2017). It caused hazard for people that live around Sinabung Volcano. One of the hazard is lahar flow due to Sinabung eruption. The research objectives are to analyze the lahar characteristics of Sinabung Volcano eruption and to map the lahar flow of Sinabung Volcano eruption. The lahar characteristics were analyzed based on satellite image interpretation and field survey. Delineation of lahar flow and data analysis used Geographic Information System (GIS). Moreover, the research results were analyzed as descriptively and spatially. The results show that the lahar characteristics of Sinabung Volcano consist of sand and rock fragments in various size. They mix together with water flow down from Sinabung Volcano. The area affected by the lahar flow is along the Lau Borus River and some areas of Tiganderket District. In addition, the lahars have been destroyed settlements, bridges, and roads in Tiganderket. Topic: Hazard and Risk 129 Slope safety factor and its relationship with angle of slope gradient to support landslide mitigation at Jatinangor Education Area, Sumedang, West Java, IndonesiaZufialdi Zakaria*, Irvan Sophian, Zahra Syahida Sabila, Luthfan Harisan Jihadi *zufialdi.zakaria[at]unpad.ac.id Faculty of Geological Engineering Universitas Padjadjaran Jatinangor, Indonesia In several studies on slope stability analysis, the FS (Factor of Safety) value plays an important role in determining the meaning of slope stability. Based on several landslide events, Table of Bowles (1989) gives FS < 1.07 for the usual occurrence of slope collapse, 1.07 1.25 for collapse events are rare. FS is influenced by the angle of the slope (A, degree), then Table of Bowles (1989) can be modified based on analysis of relationship between FS value with slope angle. The result of stability analysis of soil slope in Jatinangor Education Area is found the equation A= 7.2300.FS^(—0.474), at outside of drainange area, but in drainage area shows a variety of different safety factors. So that the meaning of labile, critical, and stable in slope stability analysis at out of drainage area gives A > 56 for the usual occurrence of slope collapse (or labile slope); 56 > A > 41 for slope collapse ever occurred (or critical slope), and A < 41 for collapse events are rare (or relative stable slope). Furthermore, this modification can be used for landslide mitigation. Topic: Hazard and Risk 130 INDONESIAN ARCHIPELAGO GEOMAPPING SOFTWARE AS RESEARCH PROJECT DATABASE ON IMPROVING INFRASTRUCTURE QUALITY IN DISASTER-PRONE AREASGilang Suryawan, Wildani Supriadi, Dicky Muslim Fakultas Teknik Geologi, Universitas Padjadjaran Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM-21, Jtinangor, Jawa Barat Located on the ring of fire, make Indonesia experienced many geological process. There are many natural disasters happen because of this continous geological process such as landslide, earthquake, and volcano eruption. Various data of geological process and disaster mapping result require to be managed and drafted sistematically. Geomapping software is a kind of program which provides database of disasters which happened in some area. Scientists can upload the data of region that they have been researched into this program. The software can be used by other people for studying region condition and predicting the disaster posibilities which can be happened later. The disasters data are utilized as reference in regional infrastructure quality improvement in Indonesia especially in disaster-prone areas. The descriptive method is used to recognize and analyze the infrastructure quality in disaster-prone areas. Topic: Hazard and Risk 131 Tingkat Kerentanan Bencana Gempa Bumi Tektonik di Kota PaluIndra Dwi Nugroho, Abdullah, dan Iwan Alim Saputra Universitas Tadulako Kota Palu merupakan daerah rawan gempa. Hal ini dikarenakan adanya aktivitas tektonik dari sesar Palu Koro yang melewatinya. Oleh sebab itu, pemahaman tentang tingkat bahaya gempa sangat diperlukan oleh penduduk di daerah tersebut. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini secara umum ingin mengetahui tingkat bahaya dan tingkat kerentanan gempa bumi yang terjadi di wilayah Kota Palu. Tujuan tersebut dikhususnya pada analisis bahaya dan kerentanan gempa pada aspek fisik wilayah. Jenis penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif kuantitatif dengan metode pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik concecutive sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yakni survei instansional dengan berdasarkan pada data - data sekunder di instansi terkait. Penelitian ini memfokuskan pada analisis data gempa yang telah diolah berdasarkan rumus Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa wilayah Kota Palu yang termasuk dalam zona 1 (tidak menimbulkan kerusakan) mempunyai luas wilayah sebesar 24.940,60 ha, sedangkan wilayah lain termasuk dalam zona 2 (potensi kerusakan sangat ringan) dengan luas wilayah sebesar 5.503,63 ha. Kemudian, tingkat kerentanan gempa yang ada di wilayah Kota Palu terbagi menjadi 3, yaitu tinggi, sedang dan rendah. Wilayah dengan tingkat kerentanan tinggi berada pada wilayah bagian timur dan barat Sungai Palu, yang meliputi Kecamatan Palu Barat dan Palu Timur. Wilayah dengan tingkat kerentanan sedang meliputi daerah Kecamatan Mantikulore bagian barat, Kecamatan Tatanga bagian timur, Kecamatan Palu Selatan bagian barat dan Kecamatan Ulujadi bagian timur. Wilayah Kota Palu yang memiliki tingkat kerentanan rendah meliputi daerah Kecamatan Tatanga bagian barat, Kecamatan Mantikulore bagian timur, Kecamatan Palu Selatan Bagian Timur dan Kecamatan Ulujadi bagian barat. Topic: Hazard and Risk 132 Identification of Flood Prone Areas for Natural Disaster Mitigation using Geospatial Approach (A Case Study in Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo Province)Sri Maryati (a*) (a) Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Gorontalo Flood is a natural disaster that often occurs in Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo Province during the rainy season. There are some areas that are always flooded but there are also new areas affected by floods so that citizens and local governments were unprepared for the disaster. This caused a great impact and losses including flooded settlements, destruction of agricultural land, damage to infrastructure, significantly disrupt economic activity, and the impact on public health. This study aims to identify flood prone areas for natural disaster mitigation using geospatial approach in Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo Province. This research integrates geospatial data analysis including topography, slope inclination, landform, mapping of land cover change and field survey. This research is very important for disaster risk reduction. The results show that generally flood-prone areas are distributed in low land, around major river flows both in the middle and downstream of rivers, landform of floodplains and alluvial plains, and generally in areas with extensive settlements and farmland. Topic: Hazard and Risk 133 Probability of Failure and Slope Safety Factors Based on Geological Structure of Planar Slide on Open Pit Batu Hijau Nusa Tenggara BaratNeman (1)., Zufialdi Zakaria (1)., R. Irvan Sophian (1)., Yan Adriansyah (2) 1) Faculty of Engineering Geoloy, Padjadjaran University Bandung, Indonesia 2) Geotechnical & Hydrogeological Superintendent at PT Amman Mineral Nusa Tenggara, Sumbawa, Indonesia Slope stability is important term in open pit mining. One of the slope failure is land slide caused by structure. Some analytical count applied in 6th phase of Batu Hijau Mineral Open Pit with northwest-southeast dominant structure. The analytical count include probability of Failure by kinematically and safety factor based on planar land slide. Probability of Failure can count by structure orientation, slope orientation, and friction angle of the material with using dips 6 software. The percentage of slide obtained from ratio between critical point from critical zone with total critical point in strereographic projection. The count applied in all geotechnic domain in Batu Hijau Open Pit. The result shows 0% to 2,63% of planar slide. The percentation show probability of failure but still in safe category with 10% safety limit. Slope safety factor count manually based by mathematical formula applied to all domain in Batu Hijau Open Pit Mining. The result shows value 1,0 to 1,905 on planar slide. This value shows stable condition of slope since the value of safety factor are more than 1. Topic: Hazard and Risk 134 The Potential Risk of Leachate Pollution in Tanjungpinang City Bintan IslandM Arif Syaripuddin (a*), Fery Erawan (b), Emi Sukiyah (a), Johannes Hutabarat (a) a) Padjadjaran University b) Ministry of Housing and Civil Works The problem occurred in sanitary landfill system waste is the seepage of leachate. This leachate could contaminate the surface water and harms our environment. The purpose of this research to determine the area that could contaminated by leachate from TPA Ganet in Bintan Island. The method conducts including field observation to characterize the lithology and also studio analysis to obtain spatial information of the area. The parameters used including XRD, landuse, watershed and hidrogeological map. According to the field observation, the materials in the area around TPA Ganet is the result of weathered granite rocks. Based on hydrogeological map of Bintan Island, this area were included into rare groundwater or meaningless. XRD result can determine the type of clay mineral developed in the area. Based on watershed morphometry, TPA Ganet is included in Cidompak Watershed. Then distinguished by 3rd stream order, TPA Ganet included into Ganet sub-watershed. The flow direction from the TPA Ganet flows to the South that end into the Cidompak River. There are at least 0.684 km2 of residential areas belonging to the Ganet sub-catchment and potentially polluted by leachate water. Based on the satellite imagery analysis, it appears that some free area such as fields in the north of TPA Ganet which is not potentially affected by leachate water. The solution given is the direction of development for settlement area should beto the north of the TPA Ganetl where the area still has some unoccupied land, and also accelerate the study of proper soil cap for sanitarry landfill waste system. Topic: Hazard and Risk 135 STRUCTURING THE ENVIRONMENT OF LANDSLIDE-PRONE DISASTER AND ITS MITIGATION IN THE DISTRICT OF BANYUMANIKHeri Tjahjono*), Suripin **), Kismartini***) *) Student **) Promotor, ***) Copromotor of Doctorate Program On Environmental Science School of Postgraduates Studies Diponegoro University *) Semarang State University (Universitas Negeri Semarang) **) Diponegoro University ABSTRACT Population growth in the district of Banyumanik is affecting the amount of the land use for residencies or other widespreadly increasing buildings. From 927,63 Ha in 2010 the land used has become 1.035,56 Ha 2014. The consequence is that, residencies have to occupy a sloping up to a fairly steep foothill prone to landslide area. This research is conducted in the district of Banyumanik with the objects of natural phenomena (the physical condition) and the land used for residencies. The objectives of this study are; (a) recognising the distribution of landslide-prone residencies in the district of Banyumanik, Semarang; (b) recognising the community efforts in dealing with their landslide-prone residency environtment, in the district of Banyumanik. The sample is taken by using Purposive Sampling Technique, i.e. by considering the possibility of an area to landslide. There are 23 spots of sample taken. The researched variables are (1) Physical parameter of landslide-prone field in residency environtment. This consists of slopes/foothills, soil, rocks, geomorphology process, hydrology and area conditions, as well as rainfalls. (2) The efforts accomplished by the community to overcome landslide-prone environment. Data gathering is conducted by means of field survey, laboratory soil analysis, interviews, and secondary data collection from the related institutions. The data Analysis is done by scoring/enhancement, and the overlay analysis is assisted by ArcGIS 10.3 tool. The result of this research shows that the residency environment proned to landslide in the district of Banyumanik, has varied in five cathegories. They are residencies with very high of landslide-prone class for an area of 26,188 Ha, high for 381,091 Ha, medium for 27,003 Ha, low for 546,850 Ha, and very low for 739,374 Ha. Two countermeasures from the community to prevent landslide in their residency environment are; (1) physical prevention, covering: constructing embankments and drainage channels, sealing/covering cracks on the ground, building blocks, planting hardwood plantations, and (2) partnership prevention, a cooperation between the community with the related institution, such as disaster socialization and land use planning. Topic: Hazard and Risk 136 Mapping landslide potential area using fault fracture density analysis on unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imageNanang Dwi Ardi, Nia Nurhayati, Mimin Iryanti Physics Program, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Photogrammetry with fault fracture density analysis adds high-resolution image of surface structure so that landslide potential of research area can be mapped comprehensively. The main notion in this paper is to distinguish regions and excerpt individual components from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) image comparing to satellite image. Using Chan-Vese segmentation approaches to, we detect regions around the edge around the images. This paper presents an effective initialization method for segmentation using the Chan-Vese model by varying on the iteration. The method is tested on several models and provides considerable rise in performance. Finally, we developed program in Matlab for unravelling resulting equation numerically in fault zone case. Topic: Hazard and Risk 137 Community Preparedness Level Comparison in the Face of Disaster in West Java Province (A case study on the tsunami in Pangandaran Regency, the earthquake in Tasikmalaya Regency, and landslides in Garut Regency)Setio Galih Marlyono, Nandi Department of Geography Education Indonesia University of Education Preparedness in the face of disaster becomes a must when living in disaster-prone areas. As in West Java province, frequent disasters are tsunamis, earthquakes and landslides. The level of preparedness to be important in minimizing the loss of life in case of disaster. The aim of research to analyze the community preparedness in the face of the three disasters that often occur in their respective areas in West Java province. This research uses descriptive quantitative approach, with the survey method. The results showed that the level of preparedness of the community in the district of Pangandaran to the tsunami disaster has a value of 23,53 categorized Very Ready, people in Tasikmalaya regency for earthquake disaster has a value of 18,64 categorized Ready, and society in Garut for landslides has a value of 15,56 are categorized Less Ready. In conclusion, there are significant differences between community preparedness in Pangandaran district, Tasikmalaya and Garut. Topic: Hazard and Risk 138 Bureaucratic and Governance Issues in BandungR. B. Soediadi Adi Purwanto Anthropology departement, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Padjajaran University. Bandung known as the capital city of West Java, Indonesia. It is also known as Parijs van Java that might be called that way as well as becoming of the third place of world art deco housing designed in numbers after Miami in the United State of America and Paris in France the second (Bandung Heritage Society) Art Deco or it could be said as art decorative is one of the first truly international architectural styles using flowing curves and naturalistic motifs. Bandung was built in about 1810 as it was stated in a letter of Herman Willem Daendels, the Governor general of the Dutch Indies (1808-1811) dated 25 of September, 1810. Then that day was declared as the day of the city called Bandung after he said that; “Zorg, dat als ik terug kom hier instand in gebouwd” (Suganda, 20117; 55-56). “Someday if I have my time, it should be a city here”. Meanwhile, Daendels had been running the road progressed fom Anyer to Panarukan and across the city. The city, then built and somehow is called Parijs van Java according to that condition mentioned above. Therefore, actually, the housing is performed four different area based on ranks. The first was known as for European, especially the Dutch people only that no others could enter the area. The second Vreemde osterlingen of four eastern people of Indian, Arab, Chinese and Japanese, the third is Vreemdeling for the rest of Europeans and fourth is Inlander or for the dog and natives (Hartono, Kompas, 9 September 2016). The four ranks of people distinguishing also social relation in political way that the Dutch wanted to differ the rest of the Europeans in Dutch Indies. The historical background stated that Dutch during the ruled of Daendels was held by the French of Napoleon Bonaparte. Then the relative of Napoleon, Louis Napoleon instructed Herman Willem Daendels ruled over Dutch Indies and kept it and defending to the English all over the lands. Nowadays, actually those phenomena still exists in different variants, but are the same. The facts that the social rannks are as well as before, I assume. Topic: History of Geography 139 Geographical Factors and their Impact on Railway Creation In Priangan Residency 1878-1924Agus Mulyana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Railway creation during the Dutch colonial period in Indonesia is part of the use of new technology in the field of transportation. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the Dutch East Indies government needed transportation to transport the plantation products in a fast way to the port and contained large quantities. Transportation needs like this, so that plantation products do not decompose too long kept in the warehouse. For the transportation needs, a railroad is built. In general, the location of plantations is in remote areas with difficult geographic conditions. The distance between the plantation and the port is very far away. The railroads built must pass through areas with geographical conditions can be steep hills, streams, rice fields, flat land and so forth. The condition of geography is very influential on the construction of railroads. Aspects he influenced were budget, length of work, lane direction, and so on. In this article the authors will present the results of research on how the geographical factors impact on the construction of railway by the Government of the Netherlands East Indies in Priangan Residency. The study used in the writing of this article is the study of history by using historical sources. Topic: History of Geography 140 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT IN DAGO AREA: A PERSPECTIVE OF PEOPLE IN GEOGRAPHIC CONTEXTJunardi Harahap Department of Anthropology Faculty of Social Science and Political Science, Padjadjaran University Email: junardiharahap[at]gmail.com Health is important and it is a basic human need that must be maintained continuity and sustainability in terms of human health. Health is also closely linked to environmental issues that support to live healthily, if the environment is not supported by good health then basic human health will not be fulfilled. People who have a good environment will get good health as well. The question in this study is that dago geographical conditions that are geographically hilly must necessarily mean that the hills are well managed with respect to the green open space and forest aspects that must be maintained. What happens when it is not fulfilled, whether the public health aspect will be met well, which this question will be answered with a qualitative approach. The results of the study can be concluded that the condition of dago area is geographically densely populated area which makes the society very vulnerable in health can suffer chronic disease problem due to pollution and also the density of the population so that many waste and garbage affected affected by people in dago area. Topic: Humankind and Environment 141 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION THROUGH GREEN CONSTITUTION IN IMPROVING STUDENTS CONSTITUTIONAL AWARENESDadang Sundawa, Susan Fitriasari, Dede Iswandi Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia This study aims to inspire the importance of sustainable development principles with environmental insight and environmental protection to make a strong foothold in the legislation to the students. Methodologically, this research uses Research and Development on the model of sustainable development education through green constitution in lectures. The results showed that the magnitude of the influence or contribution of the implementation of sustainable development education through Green Constitution toward increase of students’ constitutional awareness can give contribution or influence of 48,6% to the improvement of students’ constitutional awareness Topic: Humankind and Environment 142 THE MEANING OF KHALIFAH FIL ARDHI IN THE QURAN AND THE IMPLICATIONS OF EDUCATIONMunawar Rahmat & Fahrudin Departemen Pendidikan Umum FPIPS UPI What is the meaning of the khalifah fil ardhi in the Quran? Who is the khalifah fil ardhi it? Does khalifah fil ardhi it refers to human beings in general or a particular man who holds the highest office of the religious? The Quran scholars and the sufi scholars disagree about the meaning of the khalifah fil ardhi. The Quran scholars tend to interpret the khalifah fil ardhi as human beings in general, which the Prophet Adam and his children and grandchildren as the controller of the earth, as the administrative representative of God on the earth. Among them there are Prophets, Apostles, Wali, Shiddiqin, the pious and devout. While Sufi scholars interpret the khalifah fil ardhi is Gods representative on the earth. Likewise, the terms related to other terms of khalifah fil ardhi interpreted differently by the Quran scholars and the sufi scholars. Does khalifah fil ardhi and the terms of any other related khalifah fil ardhi mean based on the Quran? The study aims to understand the meaning of the khalifah fil ardhi and the terms of any other related of the khalifah fil ardhi in the Quran is based on a thematic digital Quran and its implications for education. The method used is a “thematic digital Quran”. This method seeks to understand the meaning of religion in a way to understand the messages verse of the term religious who sought meaning by reviewing the entire term of the same (eg term khalifah fil ardhi) and the terms of other related terms that sought the meaning of it (the term angel and the devil). The study found, based on a thematic digital Quran meaning of khalifah fil ardhi was arguably, not human beings in general. When ordered to prostrate themselves (in the sense of compliance) to the Prophet, all the angels gladly willing to prostrate while the devil was reluctant to bow down as arrogant and feel better than the Prophet. This finding has implications for pedagogical, that the primary meaning of faith in His angels are angels who are willing to follow the example of obedience to Allah, not to imitate the devil who refused prostration as arrogant and felt he was better than the Prophet. Topic: Humankind and Environment 143 IMPROVING THE UNDERSTANDING OF MAN-ECOLOGICAL DOMINANT CONCEPT IN THE UTILIZATION OF HUTAN RAYA POCUT MEURAH INTAN AS LEARNING SOURCE WITH OUTDOOR STUDY METHODCucut Molyta Satria1, Enok Maryani 2, Mamat Ruhimat 3 Pascasarjana Pendidikan Geografi UPI Abstract – The environmental damage is mostly caused by human beings, such as forest fires, landslides and floods. Human beings should maintain the environment because they are highly dependent upon the environment in meeting the needs of their life. In the area of Aceh Besar, environmental damage, especially in the forest, has been severe due to illegal logging. The research aims to improve students’ understanding of humans’ roles in maintaining the environment and human domination in contributing to environment damage. The aim will be achieved through understanding of Man-Ecological Dominant Concept in geography instruction using the method of outdoor study to Taman Hutan Raya Pocut Meurah Intan. The research use experimental method at Public Senior High School 1 Lembah Seulawah. The results shows that there is significant difference, namely 0.000 < 0.05, before and after the treatment for the understanding of Man-Ecological Dominant concept, and there is behavior change in students who use outdoor study method and audio visual media. Students improve their understanding and can develop environmental awareness in utilizing the environment as learning sources. Based on this findings, it is recommended that more the utilization of environment as learning sources is more intensified to see the factual impacts of environmental damage. Topic: Humankind and Environment 144 Essential Water Supply Resources Through Payment for Environment Services Program In The Cidanau Watershed, Banten Province, IndonesiaNedi Sunaedi(a)*, Sudharto P. Hadi(b), Azis Nur Bambang(c) (a) Geography Departement Siliwangi University, Tasikmalaya; Doctoral Program of Environmental Science Graduate School, Diponegoro University, Jl. Imam Bardjo No. 1 Semarang, Indonesia (b) Departement of Businness Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Diponegoro University Semarang (c) Departement of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Diponegoro University Semarang *Presenting author at: HP 08122280219, nedi_pdil[at]yahoo.com Abstract. Payment for Environmental Services (PES) is seen as an effort to preserve and used environmentally sustainable manner. The program is believed to bridge the two different interests, such as the people who inhabit in the upstream watershed in general are poor farmers with land holdings of less than one hectare with urban communities. The field data were processed using descriptive qualitative way. The results showed that the PES in Cidanau watershed started in 2003 and has entered into the second phase (the second 5 years), followed by 15 farmer groups to target land area of 520 hectares. Value of contracts was signed through a memorandum of agreement between the PT KTI acting as a buyer to a group of farmer-members (sellers) through Communication Forum of Cidanau Watershed (FKDC) as organizational managers IDR 4 billion until 2019. For farmer groups with an initial contract of five years was paid IDR 1.2 million per hectare per year and will increase to IDR 1.75 million per hectare per year for a second five-year contract. The program of PES in Cidanau Watershed relatively has been successful in maintaining the availability of Cidanau river flow which is used for domestic and industrial needs in Cilegon City. Keywords: water resources, payments for environmental services, buyers, sellers, Cidanau Watershed, Banten. Topic: Humankind and Environment 145 RIVER AND CIVILIZATION IN SUMATERA’S HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE IN THE 7TH TO 14TH CENTURIESERLINA WIYANARTI UPI ABSTRACT (Erlina Wiyanarti) RIVER AND CIVILIZATION IN SUMATERA’S HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE IN THE 7TH TO 14TH CENTURIES The study of the relationship of civilization and the river as a natural path resulting from the interaction process between hydrological behavior with the surface of the earth, vary over time and strongly influenced by the nature of the river, river function, and human behavior in the effort to utilize the river and its resources. The dynamics of water flow and river sediments are not only influenced by natural behavior, but also human behavior or activity. All living things that exist on earth also need a river, including humans. Rivers are often controlled to be more useful or reduce their negative impact on human activities. The benefits of the river for human life are very important and vital, for an example to retain water, to flow the water downstream, the source of sustenance, and the river is often considered as a place for contemplation, relaxation, and even to get an enlightenment. It has long been acknowledged that the river became the beginning for the emerge and the development of a civilization, both in the perspective of "A Hydraulic Empire Civilization" and "The Cradle of Civilization". According to the the spirit of the time (zeitgeist), humans began to develop technology in the growth areas around the river, the dam was built to control the water flow, to store water or produce energy; the embankment is designed to prevent the river from flowing over flood border; canals are built to connect rivers for transfer the water or navigation. The development of settlements and cultural centers between the 7th and 14th centuries in the Sumatera island can not be separated from the existence of the Musi river, Batang Hari, Siak, and Kampar river. In that period left a very clear historical trail, namely the kingdom of Sriwijaya as a maritime kingdom, Bahal, Muara Takus Temple, and Muaro Jambi temple. Keyword : river, civilization, sumatera, historical perspective, 7th-14th century Topic: Humankind and Environment 146 STUDY ON IMPACT AND ADJUSTMENT OF COMMUNITY AROUND THE CEMENT INDUSTRY IN RAWANG, SELANGOR.Mohamad Ihsan Mohamad, Mohd Hairy Ibrahim, Alhajj Ngare Dogo Sultan Idris Education University Abstract This paper discusses public response on human adjustment to quarry and cement industries in Rawang, Selangor. These activities resulted in dust and flying fine debris that affected human daily life. The discussion in this article includes primary and secondary data collection methods. The outcome from respondent reports showed these activities have resulted in disturbance to the environment, environmental health, safety and their dwellings. Resident responses also showed these activities resulted in negative implications to the people and the physical environment. Following which the residents were forced to have their daily life activities adjusted to the changing environment from these industrial activities. Several suggestions were proposed for actions to be taken by the relevant authorities. Keyword: Human adjustment, cement and quarry industries, environmental quality, Topic: Humankind and Environment 147 Teachers and Students Green Behavior of Adiwiyata Targeted SchoolSelly Puspa Dewi Rachman (a*), Enok Maryani (b) Indonesia University of Education Jalan Setiabudhi No. 229, Bandung 40154, Indonesia a*) sellypuspa[at]gmail.com b) enok.maryani[at]yahoo.com This research has three aims; knowing the socialization and internalization of four Adiwiyata components by foster school to targeted school, explaining regulations that are implemented at foster school towards becoming Adiwiyata school, and describing teachers and students’ green behavior at targeted school. Case study method is used and the research subjects are the principal (and/or vice-principals), Adiwiyata team of the school also teachers and students of targeted school. The finding of the research shows that the main obstacle in carrying out the socialization and internalization of four Adiwiyata components is miscommunication. In addition, the regulations implemented by principal in targeted school give more emphasis on school facilities and infrastructures. However, teachers and students’ green behavior at targeted school is supported by environmental based repetitive activities. Topic: Humankind and Environment 148 THE LOCAL GENIUS OF TENGGER PEOPLE IN CONSERVING FOREST AND INCREASING ECONOMIC BENEFITS USING AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMSumarmi Universitas Negeri Malang The supporting capacity of Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park environment, which is inhabited by the Tengger society, is increasingly unbalanced. The local community originally utilized their agricultural land to the cultivate food crops in order to meet daily needs as economic activity. These agricultural activity is shifting to commercial crops such as leek, cabbage, carrots, potatoes, etc. The objectives of the research are: (1) To determine Tengger community activity in utilizing forest area for economic improvement (2) To determine Tengger community form of local wisdom in preserving the forest (3) To understand Tengger community forest management using agroforestry system to preserve the environment and improve the community’s economy. This study utilized descriptive qualitative method. The data was obtained by the reviewing literature related to agroforestry and Tengger society local wisdom, in-depth interview, field observation, and documentation. The results exhibit Tengger community local wisdom, in preserving the forest, still adhering to rituals on harvest periods and applying Tri Hitna Karana. In applying agroforestry, they are less able to perform optimally, because a huge number of pine trees were cut. These trees are considered blocking sunlight vital for vegetable crops growth. As the agricultural land were used for stalls and homestay, therefore as agricultural activity utilized forests instead, even on steep grounds. In conclusion, Bromo Tengger and Semeru National Park should regularly control Tengger community agricultural activity, especially in enclave areas. Topic: Humankind and Environment 149 THE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SEAWATER INTRUSION BASED ON RESISTIVITY AT BANDA ACEH CITY, INDONESIAAkmal Muhni (a), Moh. Sapari D. Hadian (b*), T. Yan W. M. Iskandarsyah (b), Gartika S. Nugraha (c) a) Postgraduate Geology Department, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia b) Environmental Geology & Hydrogeology Laboratory, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia *sapari[at]unpad.ac.id c) Department of Geology Engineering, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia The research has been conducted to analyze the susceptibility of seawater intrusion based on resistivity values in Banda Aceh city. In geomorphology, the mainland Banda Aceh extend to southeast (around Krueng Aceh River) in Aceh Besar district (western and eastern coastal areas) and Pidie district. This research aimed to determine the lithology of susceptibility of seawater intrusion areas by using 2D resistivity Wenner-Schlumberger configuration. This method is also used to interpret the subsurface layer structure of susceptibility of seawater intrusion in Banda Aceh with five measurement lines. The results in this research showed that the resistivity value of susceptibility of seawater intrusion in the research area is below 1.45 Ωm with intrusion depth varies from 0 to 34,1 meter. Based on the analysis and interpretation data, the subsurface structure of the region composed of clayey sand, sandy clay and clay that spreads laterally. The deployment of seawater intrusion occurs at the northern part of Banda Aceh directly related to the coastal area. Topic: Humankind and Environment 150 Indonesia University of Education Toward Independent in Environmental ManagementIwan Setiawan, Dede Rohmat, and Lies Wahyuni Departemen Pendidikan Geografi Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The purpose of this research is to review the condition of UPI campus environment, perception and behavior of campus residents on the environment. The result of the study becomes material in realizing UPI as an independent campus in environmental management. The study was conducted by measuring several physical parameters, namely infiltration capacity, rain intensity analysis, and water requirement. In addition to physical parameters, the study also analyzes the perceptions and behavior of campus residents on UPI campus environment. The method used is a survey of campus residents using quota sampling. The results showed that infiltration capacity in UPI Campus varied from low to high. The total water needs of UPI campus residents reached 4,913,464liter / month. Perceptions of UPI campus residents in good category. Based on the average data of campus behavior score on campus environment, the behavior of UPI campus residents is good, although there is still behavior that is not environmentally friendly. Topic: Humankind and Environment 151 Determination of Saltwater Intrusion Zone Based On Groundwater Physical Properties on Eretan Coastal Area IndramayuFeriska Vilda Valensia (a*), Bombom Rachmat Suganda (b), M. Nursiyam Barkah (b), Mohamad Sapari Dwi Hadian (c) a) Faculty of Geological Engineering, Padjadjaran University Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM21 Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia *feris.geo13[at]gmail.com b) Laboratory of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Faculty of Geological Engineering Padjadjaran University Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM21 Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia c) Water Centre, Faculty of Geological Engineering, Padjadjaran University Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM21 Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia The research area is a coastal area that has great groundwater potential. However, if the management is not appropriate then it can cause saltwater intrusion problem. This condition can be indicated by the value of EC, TDS, pH and temperature. The greater EC and TDS value indicated the higher saltwater intrusion. From 40 measurement points conducted in 18 wells obtained the lowest value of the TDS 520 mg/L at SG10 at 1.21 masl and the highest value 3580 mg/L at SG12 at 0.5 masl. As for the lowest value of EC 1050 μS/cm at SG10 at 1,21 masl and highest value 7050 μS/cm at SG12 at 0,5 masl. Based on the research there are points of anomaly that have higher EC and TDS than the surrounding area. This anomaly shows that at these points there has been overpumping and classified into the highest saltwater intrusion zone that requiring monitoring. Topic: Humankind and Environment 152 People Preference Toward Sand Mining In Ci Mandiri By Trade-Off AnalysisKeshia Arindini Department of Geography, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424 The utilization of natural resources can lead to conflict because each people has different importance. Therefore, requires a tool to make a public policy from conflict of natural resource utilization and people preference in order to make the best decision, by using trade-off analysis. The aim of this research is to analize people preference toward sand mining in estuary and middle of Ci Mandiri stream by using trade-off analysis and spatial analysis by compare each area. This research is using economic, social, and environment as variables in determining people preference. Trade-off analysis on people preference toward sand mining in estuary revealed that the sand mining can be continued without ecological consideration, but the sand mining in the middle of Ci Mandiri can be continued by surveillance. This is because the mine site in estuary is further from settlement, while the mine site in the middle stream is closer to settlement. Topic: Humankind and Environment 153 The Impact Of Land Use Community Environment In Borders Indonesia - MalaysiaRobby Irsan (a*), Luthfi Mutaali (b), Sudrajat (c) a) Doctoral Program of Environmental Science Post Graduate School Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia *beetreecyber110683[at]gmail.com b) Faculty of Geography Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia luthfi.mutaali[at]gmail.com c) Faculty of Geography Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia sdrajat[at]ugm.ac.id Entikong Sub-district in Sanggau District is one of the areas directly adjacent to Malaysia (Sarawak) and is the first and oldest cross-border entrance in Indonesia. Different characteristics from other regions (factor production immobility, transaction costs and delay, different economic systems, institutional issues, zoning, and the role of the informal sector) drive the regions economic functioning internally and externally. Economic perspectives in the border region tend to increase. With the above background, Entikong is the border region with the highest economic activity along the land border (West Kalimantan-Sarawak). The overlapping of unclear land uses, causing the development of border areas to be improperly planned with the implications of natural resource degradation and environmental quality, and not achieving improved community welfare, dehumanization and deculturization processes, and macro leads to regional disintegration (especially Economically). The emphasis on my research is more on the environmental impacts of the Entikong border community making land change. The research objectives of this study identified the impact of land use change in the Entikong District border area to the community so that people can be more efficient and effective in protecting the environment. The analytical method used in the questionnaire survey used an Adkins and Burke Scale Weight Checklist impact questionnaire. This technique is a technique of estimating environmental impact with scale made up to five. The impact components used are grouped into: transportation, environment, sociology, or economy. This method is very simple, in the form of a list of environmental components used to determine which components will be affected. First made a list of the various impacts that may occur related to the planned and alternative plans. Sampling method was done by purposive sampling method based on the consideration of the researcher. Household unit sample is focused on the community that changed the land. The results of the study suggest that land use changes have a negative impact on environmental conditions biotic, abiotic, and community culture which is not good for environmental sustainability. The expected output from this research is to contribute to the development of science in the field of environmental management and environmental management in particular sustainable land use. Topic: Humankind and Environment 154 Some Aspects of Climate Change Effects to Wetland Water Resource in Communities in North East NigeriaA. N. Dogo, M. H. Ibrahim, I. Muhammad Department of Geography, Faculty of Human Sciences, University Pendidikan Sultan Idris Tanjung Malim Perak Malaysia This study is to review some factors responsible to the effects of climate change to wetland water resources in some selected communities located at the shores of the Lake Chad Basin in Borno State, north east Nigeria. The objectives were to: assess the evidences of climate change in the study area; compare different opinions on the effects of climate change to wetland water resources, and proffer possible local adaptive measures to the effects of climate change to wetland water resources in the study area. Data for the study were obtained through the analysis, comparison and review of past journal articles, conference papers, books, and other relevant literatures. So also some existing methods of climate change effects prediction analysis model, elements of weather and climate trend analysis methods were all brought together and few remarks were made with a view in applying such existing methods in some other places around the globe. Few Possible recommendations were also made for future similar research by other scholars. Topic: Humankind and Environment 155 Soil Characteristics and Its Function For Alternative Landfill Cover at Tanjungpinang Area, Riau IslandWinda Oktaviana (1), Emi Sukiyah (1), Zufialdi Zakaria (1), Fery Erawan (2) (1) Geological Engineering Faculty of Padjadjaran University (2) Ministry of Housing and Civil Works Based on 2010 data published by the Local Government of Tanjungpinang City, the population of this city reached 187.359 people with a population density of 804 people/km2. As a region with relatively high population density compared to the surrounding area, waste issues become crucial. So that proper management of final processing site (TPA) is needed, one of them is the development of TPA with landfill system. The purpose of this research is to know the characteristics of soil in Tanjungpinang area and its effect on the suitability for landfill cover. Characteristics of soil required for the cover layer should be of good quality in the ability to withstand seepage of rainwater so it can to control the leachate produced. In this research used samples which taken from three locations. Based on the physical properties test results obtained suitable soil for landfill cover is at location 3, with the lowest permeability value is 6.083 x 10-7 cm/sec. Topic: Humankind and Environment 156 MANGROVE CULTIVATION COMMUNITY BASED IN KARANGSONG, INDRAMAYU, WEST JAVAFeti Fatimatuzzahroh*) Sudharto P. HadI**) Hartuti Purnaweni**) *Doctorate Program of Environmental Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia. **Study Program of Environmental Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia. Mangrove cultivation as a solution for coastal abrasion is a way to coastal rehabilitation. But sometimes mangrove cultivation does not succeed as set as a goal. Mangrove cultivation can be done by community based approach. Empowering and involving community in mangrove cultivation is not only to provide awareness of the importance of mangrove for coastal areas, but also to indirectly can provide economic value. Karangsong was an affected area by abrasion since 1993 to 2007. To overcome the abrasion mangrove cultivation has been done with community based approach. In 2015 Karangsong became mangroves ecotourism area in Indramayu. This paper reviews how mangrove cultivation community based have been doing in Karangsong, Indramayu, and role of actor in community empowerment to encourage mangrove cultivation. To achieve the success community involvement in mangrove cultivation requires an economic approach that offer advantage to community on a long term and can generate awareness of the importance of mangroves in coastal areas. Topic: Humankind and Environment 157 Development of Character Education Based on Sundanese Local WisdomIndah Permatasari (1), Kama Abdul Hakam (2) Indonesia University of Education Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 299 Gedung Pascasarjana Bandung, 40154, Indonesia (1) ip.isosgi[at]gmail.com (2) kama.hakam[at]yahoo.com Todays classic problems in this country can not be resolved. Corruption, drugs, brawl etc more increasing everywhere. Shows that this nation is experiencing a moral decline. One of the prevention efforts that can be done is with character education applied in elementary school. This research generally aims to describe the results of character education in SDN Kahuripan Purwakarta seen from education based on local wisdom. This type of research is case study. The results of this research is needs to be revised in relation to supporting methods and learning models, conformity theme with subject matter, and Equations of teachers and students perceptions of the meaning of each of the values ​​of local wisdom being taught. If it can be improved the character development of students will be optimal Topic: Humankind and Environment 158 Community Perception and Participation of Mangrove Ecosystem in Ngurah Rai Forest Park (Taman Hutan Raya), Bali, IndonesiaNabila Dety Novia Utami (1) Dewi Susiloningtyas (2) Tuty Handayani (3) Departement of Geography, Universitas Indonesia (1,2,3) Forest Park (Taman Hutan Raya) Ngurah Rai Bali is one of the mangrove forest conservation areas in Indonesia. Usually Forest Park (Taman Hutan Raya) Ngurai Rai Bali are utilized for the benefit of research, science, education, culture, cultural tourism and recreation. The aim in this study to: (1) analyze perception of the community around Forest Park Ngurai Rai about mangrove ecosystem; (2) analyze participation of the community around Forest Park Ngurai Rai about mangrove management; (3) analyze the correlation between perception and participation of the community around Forest Park Ngurai Rai. The research was conducted in July 2017 in Denpasar, Forest Park (Taman Hutan Raya) Ngurah Rai, Bali. This paper was based on primary data taken using questionnaire with a predetermined analysis unit to interview the community in the study area. The result presented with quantitative and descriptive analysis. Topic: Humankind and Environment 159 WATER BALANCE IN THE WATERSHED OF CISANGKUY,ARJASAR AND JELEKONG GROUNDWATER BASIN OF SOUTH BANDUNG, WEST JAVA PROVINCEArif Restu Fauji, Sapari Dwi Hadian,Rama Baiquni Herawan Departement of Geology, Faculty of Geologycal Enginering, Padjadjaran University, Jatinangor, Sumedang. In the concept of the hydrological cycle that the amount of water in a particular area on the earths surface is affected by the amount of water entering (input) and exit (output) on the particular period in order to know the amount of water in the area of excess (surplus) or shortage (deficit). The faster the hydrological cycle occurs then the level of its water balance more dynamic. The purpose of this study was to determine the condition of geology, hydrology and water balance of Cisangkuy, Arjasari and Jelekong watershed. At the watershed area is considerable potential for the development of the region in the Bandung district. The data used in this research are rainfall data, climatological data, land use and infiltration data and geological data such as regional geological maps. The method used in the calculation of the water balance are the calculation of rainfall using Thiessen Polygon method, in calculating evapotranspiration using the Thornthwaite and Mather. In the calculation of land use needs to be known of the water runoff. To estimate the amount of water run-off peak (peak runoff, Qy), rational method is one of the techniques are adequate. To calculate the water potential in the study area by calculating discharge Ffolliot infiltration equation. Results of this study was to determine rainfall, evapotranspiration, runoff and infiltration in the research area Topic: Humankind and Environment 160 Food Security-Dryland Nexus: Have livelihood Assets Affected?Dini Yuniarti (a,b*), Yunastiti Purwaningsih (c), A.M. Soesilo (c), Agustinus Suryantoro(c) a) Department of Economic, Faculty of Economic and Business, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan * dini.yuniarti[at]uad.ac.id b)Doctoral Program of Economic, Sebelas Maret University c)Department of Economic, Faculty of Economic and Business Sebelas Maret University The understanding of household food security determinants is crucial for the design of appropriate food security strategies. Taking the case of dryland area in Saptosari Gunungkidul, we examined the influence of livelihood assets (human capital, financial capital, social capital, natural capital, physical capital), income, and family number on household food security. We used cross-sectional survey data. Respondents are a poor woman who receives Family Hope Program (PHK). The sample size is 89 households. We use multiple regression methods to examine the influence livelihood assets on household food security. Our finding indicates human capital, financial capital, and income enhances household food security. In contrary, family number decrease food security. Meanwhile, physical capital, natural capital and social capital has no influence on food security yet. These results are used to draw policy conclusions on food insecurity through intervention program. It can be focusing on the financial sector, education, family planning and income generating activity. Topic: Humankind and Environment 161 SONG BAJUL SPRING POTENCY FOR RESIDENT’S CLEAN WATER SUPPLY IN DESA PUCANGLABAN KECAMATAN PUCANGLABAN KABUPATEN TULUNGAGUNG IN 2017-2032Faris Rosul Arifin State University of Malang The springs are needed for humans . Lack of utilization of water sources resulted in a water crisis. This water crisis occurred in the Desa Pucanglabang Kecamatan Pucanglabang, Kabupaten Tulungangung. The springs that irrigates Desa Pucanglabang is Umbul Bendo has a debit of 0.5 liters / sec which is only able to meet 500 people, while Desa Pucanglaban has a population of 22,197 inhabitants. Increased population continues to occur in 8 years time (2002-2008) of 0.67%. Projection of population water requirement in 2032 amounted to 658.346,60. The large water demand resulted in the population very difficult to get water supply. Based on these problems Song Bajul springs became an effective solution in overcoming the water crisis of Desa Pucanglaban. Song Bajul spring water source has great water discharge and good water quality. Currently the villagers of Desa Pucanglaban do not know that the source of Song Bajul springs is able to fulfill all the needs of the Song Bajul population in the next 15 years. It is necessary to evaluate the potential of Song Bajul spring water source to the people of Desa Pucanglaban Kecamatan Pucanglaban, Kabupaten Tulungagung in 2017-2032 to overcome the water crisis of Pucanglaban villagers. Topic: Humankind and Environment 162 Multivariate analysis of limestone petrography data on Kalipucang formation using RAchmad Darul (a*), Dasapta Erwin Irawan (b), Jejen Ramdani (a), Fauzan Septiana (a), Siti Saniyyah Sholihat (c) (a) Fakultas Teknik dan Desain, Institut Teknologi Sains Bandung, Jl. Ganesha Boulevard LOT-A1 CBD Kota Deltamas, Bekasi, Indonesia *darul[at]itsb.ac.id (b) Fakultas Ilmu dan Teknologi Kebumian, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung, Indonesia (c) Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl.Dr. Setiabudhi no. 229, Bandung, Indonesia Limestone is one of the most strategic for construction materials, physically and visually have the same characteristics but basically can be distinguished one of them with thin section rock analysis, this research to support petrography analysis of thin section rock data with a more quantitative approach using the method Principal component analysis and cluster analysis statistics to parse physical and visual characteristics. The study used 57 samples of thin section rock from three locations in a single rock formation of Kalipucang, i.e. the location of Pancatengah-Tasikmalaya (PCT); Cijulang-Ciamis (CJL) and Sindangsari-Ciamis (SDS), analyzed using open source software with replication R programming languages using packages: ggplot2; Dplyr; FactomineR; FactoExtra; Cluster and Ggcorrplot. The results of the study showed consistently the existence of three significant rock sampling classifications, i.e. one group showing the samples were in the area near the deposition with the main composition of foraminifera, algae, mud carbonate, coral fragments, Group 2 showed mixing with igneous rock with plagioclase composition, opaque, Glass, pyroxene and, Group 3 shows the rocks have been transported so that they are mixed with other sedimentary rocks having quartz compositions, iron oxides, rock fragments. Topic: Karst 163 Water Balance in Epikarst: Case study of Kakap Springs, the Eastern Karst of GunungsewuPipit Wijayanti1)2), Eko Haryono1), Pramono Hadi1) 1) Pendidikan Geografi FKIP UNS 2) Fakultas Geografi UGM Kakap spring is one of the important springs in Eastern Karst of Gunungsewu. This study aim to determine the water balance in karst aquifer. The study was use three parameters to analysis the water balance in Kakap Spring. They are rain as main source, evaporation and dischrge of Kakap Spring. The study was conducted by monitoring the water level for eight months in 30 menit interval basis to analisys discharge. Temperature based evaporation analysis used Penman method, and water input conducted by monitoring rain basis typing bucket method used rain gauge. The result showed that the velues of evaporation estimated as 1186 mm (71%), discharge estimated as 457 mm (27%) and 31 mm (2%) estimated get into the deep karst system. Topic: Karst 164 SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL FLOOD CHARACTERIZATION OF PINDUL KARST DRAINAGE SYSTEM, GUNUNGKIDUL REGENCYAfid Nurkholis, Ahmad Cahyadi, Romza Fauzan Agniy Karst Research Group, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada Pindul and Tanding Cave are an iconic tourism object in Pindul Karst Drainage System. Nevertheless, both locations prone to floods that endanger tourists. Pindul Cave is located on karst system outlet while Tanding Cave is located right after Sinking Stream Kedungbuntung. In consequence, the objective of this research is to identify flood behavior in Pindul and Tanding Cave. Water level logger is installed in both locations to get the discharge data every 15 minutes. Rainfall data obtained by installing rain gauge on karst drainage system. Both data were collected for six month (January-June 2017). Flood behavior is obtained by flood hydrograph analysis and effective rainfall calculations. The results showed that Pindul and Tanding Cave had shorter time lag (1 hour 24 minutes and 1 hour 42 minutes) than rain duration (2 hours 24 minutes). The percentage of rain that became direct runoff in Pindul and Tanding Cave was greater at the end of rainy season (37% and 14%) compared to the beginning of rainy season (16% and 8%). Shorter flood behavior in Pindul Cave is caused by recharge from conduit aquifer and Sinking Stream Kedungbuntung. Meanwhile, Tanding cave gets recharge from diffuse aquifer and Sinking Stream Kedungbuntung. Topic: Karst 165 Land Critical Study and Farmers Response in Upland Citarik Catchment Area West JavaJupri, Asep Mulyadi, Wahyu Eridiana, Yakub Malik Departemen Pendidikan Geografi Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia One of the objectives agriculture development, expecially in food plants is to maintenance self-supporting of foods which is still fluctuative. The objectives are highly related wih availability of qualified land resource. Problems related to the availability of land resource are caused by agriculture area conservation to be non agriculture area with average 50.000 are/years particularly in lowland. As the result agriculture activities move to higher area in doing show forest area are converted into agribusiness area. Cultivated land in agriculture land is very vulnerable of resource and environment degradation which in long term will caused lose to the economically and ecoloycaly. The upstream of sub Citarik cacthment is one of areas that effected by the problem above, sub Citarik cacthment area is now included into prior handling in Citarum cacthment management. The area characteristic and dynamifi of it’s inhabitant with economic and social condition have created critical land. This phenomena still unrepealed, therefore the writer is interestedto study and to discover farmers respons toward the problem of critical land that occurs. By using land unit approach as the analisys unit gained by overlays soil map, slope map, and land use map, the researcher conducted identification process toward the critical land parameters viewing from the aspects of soil, topography, erotion, and land cover. And than conducting matcing process between land critical parameter data with land critical TOR (Term of Reference) resulting in the classification of land critical rate and their spreads. After that, an interview was conducted to the farmers who use the land to discover they response toward the existing land critical. This research shows that the majority agribusiness area in upstream of Citarik cacthment included into semi critical land category which spread almost eventy, and the rest of the area is included into potencial critical land, spreading in downstream area. Semi critical category areas needs serious treatment by land rehabilitation activities in order to stop them being critical and unproductive land. As for potencial critical land conservation is needed to not to be critical land, so that the area do not turn to semi critical land. The farmers response in the research area is good in quantity they do many conservation activities and rehabilitation such as, terrace making, cut sloping cultivation, planted others plant, and shifting cultivation. On the other hand unfortunately in quality, conservation and rehabilitation activities are not maximum due to social and economic condition relating o width of land produced, status of land produced, income, and education level of farmers. This study is expected to be the source of reference and input for interested parties in handling and management of the upstream of Citarik cacthment, so that they will be move the focused and precise, and in turn to create efficiency and resource allocation and fund optimalization. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 166 LAND COVER CHANGES AND ITS EFFECT TO SEDIMENT GROWTH IN CACABAN RESERVOIR, TEGAL, JAWA TENGAH, INDONESIASucahyanto, Cahyadi Setiawan, Rias Septiani Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi Universitas Negeri Jakarta Jl. Rawamangun Muka, Jakarta Timur 13220 ABSTRACT. Cacaban Reservoir was built with the purpose of irrigation in Kabupaten Tegal. However, the water volume shringking by 37,1 m3 from its origin of 90 m3 due to the sedimentation that occured in the reservoir. This research aims to determine changes in land cover and its effects on the growth of sediment in Cacaban Reservoir, Kabupaten Tegal, Jawa Tengah. This research was conducted in January–June 2017. The descriptive method with field approach is used to determine land cover changes and TSS growth. The population is land cover arround Cacaban Reservoir and its water area. Random sampling is used to determine land cover changes and purposive sampling is used to determine water sampling on 3 inlets and water body. Remote sensing analysis is used to identify land cover changes and sediments growth. Landsat 5 TM satellite imagery that recorded on September 9th, 1990, September 15th, 2000, July 7th, 2010 and Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS March 17th, 2015 are used to identify of land cover changes using supervised classification method. TSS spectral transformation method by Budhiman using red band and green band is used to identify the sediment growth. The result of the research indicate that land cover changes in the catchment area. In 1990, the dryland farming became the largest land cover. In 2000, dryland farming growth. In 2010, the dryland farming shrinks and mixed garden area was growth with rubber trees and jati trees. And in 2015, jati trees became dominant and changed into forest. The land cover changes in multitemporal data followed by the changes of TSS in Cacaban reservoir. From 1990 until 2010, the amount of TSS were stable on water body but growth in inlets, i.e. Kali Penujah, Kali Winang Glogok and Kali Wadas. In 2015, the amount of TSS has shrink due to the growth of forest area. Therefore, can be conducted that land cover changes affect the sedimentation growth and satellite imagery could be used to determine changes in land cover and sedimentation growth. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 167 Analysis of Agricultural Land Carrying Capacity and Change of Agricultural Land Use in Upper Grompol Watershed Province of Central JavaAgustizar (a*), Chatarina Muryani (b), Sarwono (c) a) Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Jebres, Surakarta 57126 *agus_tizar17[at]yahoo.com b), c). Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Jebres, Surakarta 57126 This research was conducted in the upper watershed of Grompol aims to: 1) Knowing the changes in agricultural land carrying capacity, 2) Knowing the changes in agricultural land use. Primary data were obtained from field observation to know land use in Grompol watershed, while secondary data were obtained from various competent instance in accordance with the required data. The results of analysis and interpretation of research data show that: 1) The carrying capacity of agricultural land in upper watershed Grompol experienced deficit status. During 2003 only Karang villages experienced a surplus, while in 2007 and 2014 both Karang and Tohkuning villages experienced deficits. 2) Changes in agricultural land use in upstream Grompol watershed sampled villages and Tohkuning villages in 2000, 2007 and 2015, the use of paddy fields and moorings all turned into settlements. Agricultural land in the upper watershed of Grompol watershed over the last sixteen years experienced a change of 15.68 ha reduced. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 168 Land Use: One of the Essential Geographic Concepts Based on Geospatial TechnologyLili Somantri Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Geography is a science that continues to evolve according to the times. At first geography was just an exploration. One of the characteristics of geography science that has a distinctive concept that can be distinguished from other sciences. Along with the development of geography that is supported by geospatial technology it is necessary to consider the addition of new concepts, one of them the concept of land use. Land use is an essential data and information in geographical analysis to solve the problems occurring on the surface of the earth. Fast and accurate land-use data were obtained using remote sensing technology. This paper attempts to provide a conceptual review of the concept of land use in geography. Contribution of this paper to add the concept of geography in analyzing the phenomena on the surface of the earth. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 169 Water-table Depth and Peat Subsidence Due to Land-use Change of PeatlandsRossie Wiedya Nusantara, Rini Hazriani, Urai Edi Suryadi Soil Science Departement of Agricultural Faculty of Tanjungpura University The aims of the study were to reveal changes in the water-table depth and peat subsidence due to land-use change in West Kalimantan. The location of the study is peatland in Kubu Raya District-West Kalimantan, namely on four types of peatland-use, including secondary peat forest (SPF), shrubs (SB), oil palm plantation (CPP) and corn field (CF). The research parameters include depth of groundwater and peat subsidence. The results show that the conversion of peatland to other peatlands causes an increase in peat subsidy. The research parameters include water-table depth and peat subsidence. The results show that the land-use change of peatlands to other peatlands causes an increase in peat subsidence. The increase in subsidence in measurement II (October 2016) coincides with an increase in water-table depth and measurement V (April 2017) of 74.6%-90.9%. There is a tendency to increase water-table depth in August and October 2016 and January 2017, especially on SB, OPP and CF. SPF has a deeper water-table depth and deeper subsidence than other land. This is due to the deeper peat soil depth of the SPF (509 cm) while the other relatively shallow areas range from 108.2 to 115.5 cm.The correlation between water-table depth and subsidence shows a close relationship and significant (p<0.01, r = 0.824). Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 170 ANALYSIS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND AREA AVAILABILITY TO ATTAIN THE FOOD SOVEREIGNTY IN WEST JAVA PROVINCE OF INDONESIAAbraham Suriadikusumah and Ganjar Herdiansyah Universitas Padjadjaran The high growth of population in West Java Province of Indonesia is the main problem in the development of food security. This condition suggests the importance of food compliance to attain the food sovereignty in West Java province. This study applies the descriptive and comparative methods to proceed all secondary datas from various institutions. The purpose of this study is (1) to analyze the fulfillment of food agricultural area of the existed agricultural potential, (2) to analyze the needs of the food agricultural land area to attain the food compliance of West Java province’s residents in the period of 2020-2045. The result of the study shows potential of agricultural land in West Java amounted to 1,266,280.86 hectares, which corresponds to the allotment of paddy fields, dry land farming, mix dry land agriculture, plantation and community forests. The need of paddy rice production to fulfill the food consumption of the population of West Java in 2020, 2025, 2030 and 2045 is 7,876,828 tons, 8,329,519 tons, 8,787,642 tons and 9,446,716 tons with a population of 49,211,248 person, 52,039,478 person, 54,901,649 person and 59,019,273 person. The broad needs of paddy fields in West Java province in 2030 and 2045 in order to meet the food requirement are 1,417,362 hectare and 1,226,846 hectare. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 171 STUDENTIFICATION AROUND UI CAMPUS AT KUKUSAN VILLAGE, IN DEPOK CITYAdi Wibowo, Dewi Susiloningtyas, Dwi Fanny Wulandari Department Geography of Faculty Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia Land Use Change is caused by many reasons, one of a reason is the existence of educational activities. Educational activities, such as a campus of a university, are the driving force for the change in the use of the settlement into a hired house or rent room, photocopy, restaurant and laundry. The change of land use by the university is called studentification. The objective of this research is to identify the studentification around the campus of UI in Kukusan Village, Depok. The UI Campus operated since 1988 in Depok City. To answer the objective used a method of spatial analysis to produce the level of studentification in Kukusan Village. As a reference based point is the entrance of UI Campus in Kukusan Village. The results showed that in Kukusan Village the studentification effect was changed to land use into commercial buildings related to the needs of the students. This study saw that the level of studentification with three levels, the high level at a distance of 0 to 400 m, the moderate level is at a distance of 400-600 m, and low level at a distance > 600 m from the entrance UI in Kukusan Village. This research concluded that studentification in Kelurahan Kukusan driving a land use change based on the function of the building whereas from a function of a house inhabited by a family changed the function into a commercial building according to the needs of the students. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 172 The Effect of Land Conversion on Agricultural Production in North Kalimantan Province during 2012-2016 PeriodRika Harini, Rina Dwi Ariani, M Chrisna Satriagasa, Supriyati, Bowo Susilo, Sri Rum Giyarsih Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia Need of land that increases with the increase of population and social-economic activities which is not balanced with the availability of land will lead to decrease of agricultural land area and production in an area, and North Kalimantan Province is no exception. The objectives of this study were a) to identify agricultural land conversion, b) to examine agricultural production trend, and c) to analyze effects of land conversion on agricultural production in this particular area. Agricultural land conversion wasanalyzed using geographic information system. Agricultural production was examined using table of frequencies as presented both in graphic and map forms. The effects of land conversion on agricultural production was analyzed using linear regression. The study results suggest that there was an increase in agricultural land conversion in in North Kalimantan (the rate was 0.04 and the total areas was 32,424 Ha). The analyses by regencies indicate increases in the agricultural land area in Bulungan, Nunukan, and Tana Tidung regencies, while on the contrary a decrease was found in Malinau regency. The agricultural production rate was 0.04. The regression analysis shows a relationship between land conversion and agricultural production in North Kalimantan. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 173 LAND USE CHANGE ANALYSIS USING LANDSAT IMAGES AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM IN SOLOK REGENCYDasrizal, Farida, Afrital Rezki, Arie Zella Putra Ulni and Yudha Saktian Syafruddin STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat Land use change becomes an important issue in the regional planning and development policy. The availability of data, information and analytical tools sometimes become a constraint in land use change. This research uses a remote sensing approach because of its ability to analyze large and multi temporal areas. Landsat images and Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis were used to detect land use change in Solok District by time series of 2006, 2011, and 2016. Land use changes were interpreted through Landsat TM satellite images of 2006 and 2011 and Landsat 8 OLI 2016. GIS is used in analyzing land use classifications. Land use classification found in Solok Regency is classified into 8 classes which dominated by primary and secondary forests followed by rice fields, mixed gardens, crop field, water bodies, shrubs and plantations. Based on the results of research, there is a continue increasing of agricultural and settlement expansion. There also expansion of mixed garden against secondary forests, and then there is a significant expansion of settlement land against the rice field. These results indicate that there has been a change of land conversion from non-cultivation to cultivation, and the development of residential areas spread to the surrounding area. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 174 PREDICITION OF RESIDENTIAL LAND USES AND POTENSIAL FLOODING USING CELLULAR AUTOMATA MODELING IN GANDUS DISTRICT, PALEMBANG CITY1. Muhammad Faruk Rosya Ridho, 2. Saut Sagala 1. Muhammad Faruk = Spatial System Center, Resilience Development Initiative, Bandung 2. Saut Sagala = School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Institute of Technology Bandung Being located at plain and low lying areas, Palembang City is exposed to flood and water inundation. As the city economy and population are growing rapidly, the demand of land is very high, particularly causing land conversion from swamp, rice field into settlement. However, such land conversion has not been calculated quantitatively in the allocation of spatial plan, moreover the consideration of flood impacts caused by the land conversion. The purpose of this study is to predict the utilization of settlement land (dense, medium, and low settlements), in the future which will be linked to the potential impact on flood vulnerability in Gandus Sub-District, Palembang City. Based on this simulation, retention ponds as flood mitigation are introduced in the scenario analysis. The simulation analysis of land use is based on cellular automata approach (calculation) combined with multi criteria analysis to build a potential transition map. Multi criteria analysis used include aspects of accessibility, suitability, and zoning in accordance with detailed spatial plan of Gandus Sub-district. Multi criteria analysis is also used to measure the potential for flood vulnerability including land use, slope, soil type. The impact of retention pond on flood potency is analyzed based on Euclidien distance with certain buffer. Furthermore, this study presents the results of the analysis as well as the implication to the future spatial planning. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 175 Land use change and Abrasion in the Northern Coast of Karawang RegencyNandi; Muhamad Deni Mahmudin; Darsiharjo; Dede Sugandi Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The area between land and sea is a transition region. Both of them has influence to physically and socially of the region. One of the problem that occurs in coastal area is abrasion. This study aims to measure the level of abrasion and its impact on land use in the border area between land and sea in the north coast of Karawang Regency. It was uses Remote Sensing analysis for spatial information and geographic information system as a method. To capture and analysis of Social data are using Survey and interview. The results shows that there are two main area of abrasion at that place which occur in the interval of 2006 to 2016, Cemarajaya Village is about 134940.98 m2 and Sedari Village is around 132626.38 m2. The additional of coastlines change are 63,57m in the Cemarajaya Village and 304.29 m in Sedari Village. The presence of the addition of the shoreline denotes the process of accretion is more dominant than any abrasion which impact on the reduction of the total area of the settlement of 5.08% 6.95%, fishponds, mangrove 19.82% and the addition of empty land of 10,97%. It needed a cooperation between Governments and people in addressing problems of abrasion in that area. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 176 LANDUSE LAND COVER CHANGE DETECTION OF NOIDA CITY USING HYBRID CLASSIFICATIONAnindita .S.CHAUDHURI 1, Prafull SINGH1,Suresh.C.RAI2 1. Amity Institute of Geo-Informatics and Remote Sensing Amity University - Sector 125, Noida 201303 (U.P.) 2. Department of Geography, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 Cities in India are experiencing rapid transformation in terms of land utilisation. Increasing urbanisation and migration of people from rural areas to cities creating immense pressure on natural resources and deteriorate the living standard of city dwellers and ecological sustainability of the region. Using geo-informatics based hybrid classification in ERDAS Imagine 14 and Arc GIS 10 land use and land cover classification has been done which is an accurate and time saving method for thematic representation of land use change. In this work of Noida city land use and land cover change analysis, which is hub of MNC’s and residential projects within National Capital Region of Delhi, experiencing huge deformation in its land use, especially in terms the built-up area. Urbanisation in 2006 for NOIDA was 35.5km2 and in 2016 its increased to 75.84 km2, on the other hand the vegetation cover in 2006, it was 56.65 and in 2016 it is 30.25 km2 , and agricultural land it was 60.26 km2 and in 2016 it is 36.6 km2. This data shows a declined trend in green cover. Areas under the green vegetation and agriculture has been converted to urban lands. A accuracy of more than 80% was obtained in kappa. The output images and analysis are also presented in form of diagram, charts and picture to understand the urban extent and its impacts. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 177 ANALYSIS OF CHANGES IN VACANT LAND AND FAIR MARKET LAND PRICES TO DETERMINE DIRECTION OF SETTLEMENT DEVELOPMENT IN TEMBALANG DISTRICT PERIOD 2010 AND 2016Sawitri Subiyanto1 1 Geodesy Departemen Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University. Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang, ZIP code 50275, Indonesia Tembalang District is one of the districts on the suburban of the Semarang city with very rapidly development progress. The one implication is the number of land use changes, including settlement construction and other physical structures. The development requires vacant land, so that information about the availability of vacant land and the fair market land prices is required. The data used is the Quickbird satellite imagery in 2010 and 2016 well as information on changes in vacant land and determine initial zoning land prices in 2010 and 2016. It is also necessary field surveys to obtain information on the fair market land prices and for the validation to identify vacant land. The analyzed how much the widespread availability of vacant land and build up land area in each villages the Tembalang district and how the changes during the period 2010 to 2016 as indicators of the direction of settlement development. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 178 Pemantauan Penutup Lahan Pesisir Teluk PaluWidyastuti, Muhammad Ismail Geography GMU Aktifitas Wilayah pesisir memiliki dinamika yang cukup tinggi, mengingat area ini adalah tempat pertemuan berbagai interaksi dari darat dan dari laut. Hal ini turut mempercepat perubahan kondisi fisik permukaan, salah satunya adalah penutup lahan. Wilayah Teluk Palu merupakan salah satu area kepesisiran yang cukup unik dengan potensi sumberdaya alam yang bervariasi. Dalam 30 tahun terakhir, wilayah ini mengalami perubahan yang cukup signifikan. Citra satelit dengan berbagai resolusi telah mampu mengatasi berbagai kebutuhan perencana, namun apakah sesuai dengan kebutuhan wilayah tersebut masih perlu diuji kembali. Dari berbagai masalah perencanaan lahan, aspek waktu menjadi bagian penting. Untuk itu penelitian ini bertujuan; (1) Pemetaan penutup lahan pesisir Teluk Palu selama 30 tahun terakhir; (2) Mengkaji tingkat ketelitian penutup lahan dengan metode interpretasi visual, NDVI dan metode OBIA. Manfaat penelitian ini diharapkan dapat digunakan menjadi bahan pertimbangan dalam pengelolaan wilayah secara berkelanjutan. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 179 Cellular Automata - Markov Application to Predict Land Use Change Using Artificial Neural Network Method in Depok City at year 2030Raymond Hasudungan Martin Universitas Indonesia Depok city which has an area of about 20,029 ha, is inseparable from the phenomenon of the dynamics of land use change due to the continuous population growth. If the process is allowed then there will be a huge shift and uncontrolled in land use . Land use prediction is one of the alternatives in anticipation of excessive land use control in the future. This study aims to model the prediction of land use change in Depok City by 2030 using Cellular Automata-Markov application with Artificial Neural Network method and compare it with Spatial Planning (RTRW) of Depok as one of the planning instruments. The results of the study show the land use change from 1998 to 2013. The increase of land use occurred in settlements of 7254 ha (Limo and Sukmajaya Distrct), agriculture of 3327ha, shrubs/open land and water bodies of 395 ha and 451 ha. The large decrease occurred in the garden/ vegetation and rice fields that amounted to 9707 ha and 1350 ha. Land use prediction shows the increase of land use occurred in the vegetation (Tapos District) of 1813 ha, settlements of 391 ha (Beji, Pancoran Mas, Sukmajaya District), and rice field of 864 ha. A large decrease occurred in agriculture that amounted to 1971 ha and shrub/open land of 1079 ha. The prediction of land use change in Depok for 2030 has a Kappa value of 0.68 (68% accuracy). After comparison with RTRW, there is at least 13,700 ha or 68% of total Depok City. At least around 12516 ha of high density settlements, 1549 ha for the Green Open Space, and 80 ha for the Water Catchment Area Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 180 Comparison Bearing Capacity Based on Penetrometer Test with Laboratory Test in Cimenyan Area, Bandung Regency, West Java ProvinceDilla Fitrisia*, Zufialdi Zakaria, R. Irvan Sophian Fakultas Teknik Geologi Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung Cimenyan area, Bandung regency, West Java province, is a tourist area that has the attraction and natural beauty that lies, as the growth of the population in the study area of the building structure does not comply in development. This area of research belongs ti an Undifferentiated old volcanic product. In the development of the Cimenyan areas requires a geotechnical scope study. Its properties are classified in the USCS system showing one type of soil: High Plastic Silt Soil Unit (MH). The results of this study indicate the value of pocket penetrometer by the q(a) the highest >45 t/m2 and the lowest 12 t/m2.Calculation of shallow soil bearing capacity of 1 m depth using Terzaghi (1943), obtained the value of the bearing capacity (qa) of the highest on the type of continuous 71,15 t/m2 square footing. And the value of the smallest on the continuous footing 55.03 t/m2. Based on the relationship between coefficient correlation value of bearing capacity of the continuous fotting with the pocket penetrometer value indicated the highe rsoil bearing capacity the higher penetrometer value, therefore the penetrometer can be used as a support tool to measure the bearing capacity of soil surface in the study area. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 181 Extended Urbanization Phenomenon and Decreased Carrying Capacity of WatershedsYasin Yusup, Chatarina Muryani, Sarwono Geography Education FKIP UNS, Magister PKLH UNS The development of Sukuh Temple, Cetho Temple, Kebon Teh Kemuning and Jumok waterfalls resulted in the process of "Extended urbanization" which is marked by an increase in the area of settlements covering most of the hotels and inns, restaurants and food stalls, shops, and other tourism facilities. The process of "extended urbanization" in the upstream sector is thought to decrease the carrying capacity of the Grompol river basin, which is characterized by downstream flooding that occurs almost every year. Data analysis used LANDSAT time series image analysis in 2000 and 2015, field observation, and document analysis using the Lefebvre urban revolution thinking framework developed by Brenner. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 182 Impact of Capitalist and Political Government Forces on Agricultural Land Conversion Policy In Indonesia (Case Study of Nike Indonesia Expansion through PT. Pou Yen Indonesia at Cianjur District, West Java)Dani Lukman Hakim1), Mohamad Ramdan Komaruzaman2), Bambang Rustandi3) 1)Associate Professor of Soil Science, Agriculture Faculty, Galuh University 2)Researcher, LP3AN, Padjadjaran University 3)Lecturer, Faculty of Economics, Sanggabuana University Indonesias current development is more emphasized to the economic sectors. In the economic sectors, there are some economic sub sectors such as industrial subsector and agriculture subsector, but since 1991 the agricultural sub-sector has ceased to be the main priority of development, but the government prioritizes development on industrial sub-sector, whereas in year 2023 Indonesia requires at least 15 million hectares of agricultural land to fulfill food needs for more 280 million Indonesians (Ivanovic Agusta, Researcher at the Center for Agricultural and Rural Studies ITB). Agricultural land conversion due to industrial expansion extremely increased every year with or without consideration on food security production. West Java is the largest area in agricultural land conversion at the time in Java (www.diperta.jabarprov.go.id). The issuance of law no. 41/2009 (PLP2B) has not had a significant effect on the agricultural land conversion due to various specific obstacles faced by each region (Bappenas, 2015). Capitalist and government forces play a big role in agricultural land conversion in various regions as well as in Cianjur District. The mode performed usually begins by reviewing spatial function of regional planning regulation (RTRW or RDTR). Defined lands as agriculture areas in RTRW/RDTR converted into non-agricultural land. Sukaluyu subdistrict was appointed as North Development Region (WP) in RTRW of Cianjur District, defined as one of the areas with the domain of wetland agricultural activities. Based on data and field observations, has taken an agricultural land conversion in Sukaluyu, and supported by a decrease in rice field data from 2,299 ha in 2009 (RTRW of Cianjur, 2009) became 2,264 ha in 2014 (Cianjur Central Bureau of Statistics, 2015). Industrial expansion undertaken by Nike Indonesia (through PT. Pou Yen Indonesia) by converting the function of rice field into factory area is one of the case in Sukaluyu, there has been a violation of the spatial regulation listed in the RTRW document. This will never happen without the governments role that play a political policy by changing of spatial function defined in RTRW. Making excuses in order to improve the local economy is only a justification for the occurrence of such violations, by ignoring the national food security in the future, more than that Cianjur District is one of the national rice granaries in Indonesia. We conclude that political government force has a big role in agricultural land conversion in Cianjur District as in some other areas in Indonesia. The governments force in land conversion process is necessarily driven by capitalist forces as the user and subject of land. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 183 LAND USE AND MANGROVE CLOSURE CHANGE (CASE STUDY : MUARA GEMBONG DISTRICT)lisa cici muliana Unniversitas Pendidikan Indonesia Population growth in coastal area is rapidly growing by the time goes. This phenomenon results the increasing land demand for settlements, farms and some other deginations. The change of mangrove terrain in Muara Gembong, Bekasi with 10,481.15 hectares has shrunk 1,000 hectares everyyear since 1997. Data releaved by DISTANHUTBUN Bekasi shows that the remaining area of mangrove ecosystem is 16%, meaning that 84% of the total area has been damaged (7000 Hectares). This shedy was conducted to discover the change of mangrove forest cover along the coastal area of Muara Gembong from 1997 to 2016 and to identify the factors triggering the change. This study employed descriptive qualitative research design conducted in coastal area Muara Gembong in March 2017. This study reveals that from 1997 to 2016, the mangrove area has decreased from 10.481,15 hectares to 5.311.15 hectares. This phenomenon is triggered by several variable factors such as the opening of land for ponds and the increasing of immigrant leading to the increasing amount of the opening of mangrove area. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 184 Urban Sprawl Kota PaluIwan Alim Saputra, Rahmawati, Ika Listiqowati Pendidikan Geografi, Universitas Tadulako Perkembangan kota identik dengan aspek fisikal, berupa pertambahan lahan terbangun secara horizontal maupun vertikal. Pertumbuhan jumlah penduduk merupakan faktor utama perluasan lahan terbangun tersebut. Luas wilayah yang relatif konstan memunculkan aktivitas penambahan lahan terbangun oleh penduduk kota yang mengarah keluar dari pusat kotanya. Pemahaman tentang perembetan daerah kekotaan (urban sprawl) merupakan inti dari penelitian ini. Tujuan utama dalam penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi tingkat urban sprawl, mengkaji tipologi dan faktor dominan yang melaterbelakangi perembetannya, serta mengkaji tingkat kesesuainya dengan kebijakan pemerintah daerah. Selain dapat memperkaya kajian ilmu mengenai perkembangan fisik kota, penelitian ini diharapkan mampu menjadi salah satu dasar pertimbangan oleh pemerintah daerah dalam mewujudkan kawasan perkotaan yang berkelanjutan. Target khusus dari hasil penelitian ini adalah memberikan pemahaman tentang aspek kota dari kacamata geografi secara faktual yang dapat tersaji dalam bentuk pengayaan bahan ajar dan publikasi ilmiah. Guna mencapai tujuan di atas, penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan pendekatan keruangan sebagai dasarnya. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menginterpretasi data penginderaan jauh (citra satelit), serta menggunakan teknik superimpose (overlay) peta dalam analisis data spasialnya. Data primer dari masyarakat dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan teknik pengambilan sampel secara acak (random sampling) terhadap rumah tangga di wilayah terpilih. Analisis deskriptif kuantitatif menjadi tindak lanjut dari data sampel yang telah terkumpul. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 185 Perkembangan Lahan Terbangun Kota DonggalaIwan Alim Saputra dan Rahmawati Pendidikan Geografi, FKIP, Universitas Tadulako Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Donggala yang secara administrasi masuk dalam Kecamatan Banawa. Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah mengkaji perkembangan fisik Kota Donggala, yang memfokuskan pada analisis kecenderungan dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survei, dengan analisis deskriptif untuk menjelaskan bagaimana keterkaitan antar variabel penelitian yang didukung dengan analisis spasial. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah (1) selama periode waktu 11 tahun dari tahun 2001 sampai dengan tahun 2012 di Kota Donggala tidak terjadi perkembangan fisik kota yang signifikan. Hal ini ditandai dengan perkembangan lahan terbangun terjadi merata di semua daerah meskipun dengan intensitas yang berbeda. Perluasan luas fisik bangunan yang terbesar berada di Desa Maleni dengan pertambahan sebesar 22,0%, sedangkan yang terendah berada di Desa Loli Oge (0,12%). (2) Perkembangan tersebut lebih banyak ditentukan oleh kedekatan akses jalan dan keberadaan fasilitas umum. Perluasan areal kekotaan cenderung dipengaruhi oleh karakteristik fisik wilayah, yang mengarah ke bagian selatan, dengan beberapa tipe perembetan yaitu konsentris, menjalar, dan meloncat, hal ini dimungkinkan berdampak besar pada perubahan struktur pendapatan masyarakat yang lebih dominan berasal dari aktivitas non pertanian. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 186 Building Form and Massing and It’s Microclimate in Universitas Pendidikan IndonesiaBeta Paramita Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Tropical climate zone within the equator zone has the longest sun shine period, which means received longer insolation compare with any other climate region. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia is one of the educational area that located in Bandung, Indonesia at 6,8°S; 107,59°E and 927masl within 61ha. This paper aims to describe the microclimate condition within UPI’s area that consists of eight faculties, one graduate school and one school complex that includes elementary, junior and senior high schools. From those 10areas, Labs school has recorded the highest Ta (air temperature) as much as 34.5°C, followed by Pasca’s building that has highest Ta as much as 32.73°C. Meanwhile, other faculties such as FPBS reached 30.4°C, FPMIPA and FIP reached 30.1°C, FPTK reached 28.9°C, FPIPS reached 28.4°C, FPEB reached 28.2°C; FPSD reached 27.8°C. Later, it is found that, most of the highest Ta was placed at the northern part of the area. Topic: Land Use and Land Cover Change 187 ECOLOGICAL CARRYING CAPACITY ANALYSIS OF ECOTOURISM OBJECTS IN SALAK II RESORT AREA, THE HALIMUN SALAK NATIONAL PARKAndrianto Kusumoarto and Atie Ernawati Faculty of Technic, Mathematic and Natural Science, University of Indraprasta PGRI, Jakarta email : andri_anto72[at]yahoo.com Salak II Resort Area, The Halimun Salak National Park (THSNP) covers an utilization zone with an area of 760.36 ha which is designated as an ecotourist zone, located within a specific zone. Inside the specific zone, there are some ecotourism objects namely: 1) pemandian air panas; 2) curug cigamea; 3) curug seribu; 4) curug muara; 5) curug kondang; 6) curug pangeran; 7) curug ngumpet; 8) curug cihurang; 9) curug alami. In addition there is the location of the campground which contained the business zone and kawah ratu in the natural forest area of THSNP. This study aims to analyze the ecological carrying capacity of ecotourism areas. This research uses quantitative descriptive method. This research is done through two stages: 1) calculation of physical carrying capacity and 2) calculation of real carrying capacity. Based on the results of the analysis, all objects have great potential to be developed as an ecotourist destination because the current visit still has not exceeded the carrying capacity of existing ecological. Kawah Ratu has a very high potential to be developed as an ecotourist attraction because of its very high of carrying capacity. The value of carrying capacity of Kawah Ratu is still very high, that is able to accommodate 13.256 people per day which is a huge income potential. Topic: Landscape, Landscape Analysis and Geoparks 188 INDIGENOUS WISDOM EDUCATION FOR SOCIETY TO DEVELOP GEODIVERSITY COMPREHENSIONS. Nurbayani, L. Utami Department of Sociology Education Faculty of Social Science Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The priceless natural heritage in the Ciletuh area, Sukabumi District, is very distinctive in geological, biodiversity, and cultural aspect. Since it introduces as the National Geopark area in 2015, this area has been visited by many people either as tourists or as a scientist. This condition requires efforts to prepare the ability of community in the preservation of the natural environment and most importantly to educate society through the indigenous wisdom education. This research uses survey method with interview technique to see how the condition of outlying community in Taman Jaya Village, Subdistrict Ciemas, District Sukabumi, to develop the indigenous wisdom education. The results of this study indicate that education of indigenous wisdom in Geopark Ciletuh is more emphasis on the community participation such as making the young generation as an educated guide to maintaining the values of indigenous wisdom and preserve the geodiversity in guiding tourists or scientists. For the long term, the indigenous wisdom education can be implemented through educational institutions from elementary school to high school by making Geopark Ciletuh as education means which associated with learning activity and extracurricular activities. Topic: Landscape, Landscape Analysis and Geoparks 189 MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION OF POST-MINING AREA TO BE CONTINUAL OBSERVATION MEDIA AND EDUCATIONAL FACILITY IN MUARA ENIM, SOUTH SUMATERAMuhammad Rezky, Lara Sakiantul Hasanah, Harnani Study Program of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Sriwijaya University Jalan Srijaya Negara, Palembang 30128, Indonesia South Sumatera, especially Muara Enim is a coal-sources area in Indonesia. The establishment of many mining companies bring about negative and positive impact for the area. Negative impact from this mining activity such as resulting Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) caused by sulphur. These mining coal activity is using open pit method leaving a basin. Therefore, special handling for the post-mining land is needed. These post-mining land can be diverted into continual observation area or educational media as Coal Mining in Sawah Lunto, West Sumatera, so the value of tourism and region income can be increased. AMD treatment is necessary to overcome the mining impact. Firstly, separating the area based on type. Overburden has sulphur element or Potential Acid Forming (PAF) is putting in other place such as in slope covered by calcium. The upper of overburden layer covered by top soil and planted with nuts that increase nutrient, binding the kinetic energy of rainwater to decrease erosion potential and binding nitrogen in the air. This top soil is used to reduce the diameter of basin hole. In order to, post-mining land can be turned into tourist and observation area, besides AMD treatment. Other alternatives such as by planting or adding pacification like fence in mining stairs. Build up of recreational park at the bottom of basin is needed to increase the interest of tourist visits. Therefore, the mining basin need to be pumped from rainwater gradually. Topic: Landscape, Landscape Analysis and Geoparks 190 Geomorphosite Analysis of Tongging Geosite as a Part of Toba Caldera Geopark in Karo North Sumatra IndonesiaDwi Wahyuni Nurwihastuti Department of Geography Education, Universitas Negeri Medan Toba Lake was designated as a national geopark of Toba Caldera by the Indonesia President in 2014. It is the largest tectonic volcanic lake in the world. Toba Caldera Geopark is a geotourism destination that cover seven districts in North Sumatra Province. One of them is Tongging Geosite in Karo district. The research objectives are to analysis geomorphological characteristic of Tongging Geosite, to identify the geomorphosite values of Tongging Geosite, and to map the distribution of the geomorphosites of Tongging Geosite. Remote sensing techniques were done to analyze landforms and geomorphological characteristics. Interpretation of landform units performed on screen digitation using techniques of Geographic Information System (GIS). Geological map analysis also was used to obtain the information of constituent materials of landform. The territory’s cultural heritage was analyzed based on secondary data and field survey. Furthermore, qualitative analysis was used to identify the geomorphosite values. The results show that Tongging Geosite as a part of Toba Caldera Geopark has various geomorphosites. They consist of landforms and territory’s cultural heritage. They also consist of scientific, ecological, aesthetic, cultural and economic values. In addition, the distribution of the geomorphosites in Tongging Geosite are also varied. Topic: Landscape, Landscape Analysis and Geoparks 191 CULTURAL LANDSCAPE OF PALEMBANG THROUGH VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE OF THE LIMAS HOUSEDadang Hikmah Purnama Department of Sociology Faculty of Political and Social Science Sriwijaya University Abstract This paper examines the cultural landscape of the Palembang society as reflected in the vernacular architecture of the Limas house. The approach used is Levi-Strauss structuralism. The architectural structure of this house is a manifestation of the cultural structure of the Palembang society, which is based on a five classification system and can develop into a nine classification system. The framework of this cultural structure does not govern the relationship between humans and other human beings, as well as human relationships with the universe in the cosmos universe. The process of changing this structure appears on the pancalang lima landscape and batanghari sembilan. Topic: Landscape, Landscape Analysis and Geoparks 192 REGIONAL MARKETING BASED ON REGIONAL PARTNERSHIP (CASE STUDY: GEOPARK GUNUNG SEWU)Zulfadly Urufi1, Luthfi Muta’ali2 1 Doctoral Program, Faculty of Geography, University of Gadjah Mada Skip Utara Jln Kaliurang Bulaksumur , Yogyakarta 55281 zulfadly1709[at]gmail.com 2 Faculty of Geography, University of Gadjah Mada Skip Utara Jln Kaliurang Bulaksumur , Yogyakarta 55281 luthfi.mutaali[at]gmail.com In the science of regional development, regional marketing is one aspect of regional management that becomes one of the determinants for the development or absence of a region. Regional marketing is something that needs special planning, because marketing of this type is not the same as other types of products that are marketed. For the current Indonesian context, the regional marketing model needs to be implemented by the local government because until now local marketers still do not have adequate instruments that can be used to build competitiveness and market the region to target targeted audiences. Implementation of regional marketing can be done on various typology of the region with a diverse strategic sector base. The development of geopark areas that support the development of tourism sector can be done through regional marketing approach. Gunung Sewu Geopark area is administratively included in 3 provinces, and 3 districts, namely Gunung Kidul, Wonogiri, Pacitan. This paper aims to: 1) analyze the development of cooperation between regions in the Geopark Gunung Sewu, 2) analyze the process of cooperation between regions in the development of Mount Sewu Geopark Area. A qualitative in-depth study will be emphasized in the study of two aspects of the process: 1) centralized regionalization through the study of the process of the region through formal procedures (democratic principles) with the legitimacy of top-down implementation, and 2) decentralized regionalization through the process of the region through a process of deliberation based on Mutual commitment among autonomous regions (interdependence / mutual interest / mutual need). Various dynamics that develop show the importance of regions to collaborate in improving regional competitiveness through inter-regional partnership. Topic: Local Development, Marginalization, Globalization, and Regional and Local Responses 193 Building ecological intelligence on community-based urban communitiesAmin*), Enok Maryani**) and Nana Supriatna**) *) UNISMA Bekasi, **) UPI This research was conducted in the community of environmentalists called Kelompok Tani Lingkungan Hidup (KTLH) Sangga Buana in Pasanggrahan Jakarta River. This study aims to see how the efforts undertaken KTLH Sangga Buana in building ecological intelligence of surrounding communities to participate in environmental management. The research approach is qualitative with research method of phenomenology. The research subjects consisted of 15 people consisting of KTLH chairman Sangga Buana, Head of RT location of KTLH Sangga Buana, three members of KTLH and 7 people around KTLH. Data collection is done by in-depth interviews, observation and documentation. Technique of data analysis is done through three flow of activities done simultaneously that is data reduction, data presentation, and withdrawal of conclusion or verification. Based on data, it shows that the effort to build ecological intelligence in managing the environment conducted by environment-loving community KTLH Sangga Buana is through socialization and conducting various activities to encourage the participation of surrounding communities in environmental management. The forms of activity include sedekah bumi, sedekah barit, sedekah kali, seni tutur and seni budaya. Topic: Local Development, Marginalization, Globalization, and Regional and Local Responses 194 Strategic Collaborative Model of BGAC+ Stakeholders Model for Sustainable Housing in IndonesiaR. Mahelan Prabantarikso, Idqan Fahmi, Anas Miftah Fauzi, Nunung Nuryantono Institut Pertanian Bogor Sustainable Housing in Indonesia is necessary to achieve well-being of Indonesian people. (Dreo 2006; Aked, et.al 2008). Earlier research by Larasati (2006) and Hilman (2008) have shown not only the importance of Sustainable Housing in Indonesia, but also an approach to determine area for Sustainable Housing to be implemented. The collaboration among stakeholders is important in Sustainable Housing Development. (van Leewen 2004; Kano, Furuta & Chao 2013, Manaf 2016). While there are evolutionary process on the discourse of stakeholders model of strategic collaboration, Penta-helix model is believed as an integrated approach to implement Sustainable Housing. The involved stakeholders , Business, Government, Academics, Community, and Non Government Organization (BGAC+) are believed will ensure the successful project of Sustainable Housing Development. (Bjork 2015, Toncovic, Veckie & Veckie 2015) This paper attempts to propose a stakeholders strategic collaborative model to support Sustainable Housing in Indonesia. By using Bandung district as a sample, mixed methods are used to shown a descriptive quantitative analysis of the model, in addition to qualitative elaboration through interviews, study of documentation as well as non-participative observation. Topic: Local Development, Marginalization, Globalization, and Regional and Local Responses 195 Sustainable Community Development in Rural and Urban Area of Subang District of West Java: Local People Preferences in the Implementation of GintinganKurniawan Saefullah Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Padjadjaran Leiden Ethnosystems and Development, Universiteit Leiden Cultural dimension in development has been widely accepted to propose an alternative approach in development. As Warren, Slikkerveer & Brokensha (1995) mentioned, an emic approach is needed to promote bottom-up approach in development. Gintingan is an example of socio cultural institution which has been implemented for decades by local peoples of Subang district of West Java, Indonesia. The tradition implements a Sustainable Community Development approach as it empower local peoples to participate in practices. The institution has been influenced by Sundanese Worldviews of Tritangtu and implements the local wisdom of Silih Asah, Silih Asih and Silih Asuh (Irawan 1999, Wijaya 2009, Prasetyo 2012) While the institution has been implemented in different villages in the area, local people’ preferences are varied based on their environmental location and affects its practices in terms of forms and purposes. This paper attempts to elaborate the practices of Gintingan and local people’ preferences in the urban and rural areas. The difference practices between local people in urban and rural areas might affect to the sustainability of the institution and its role in Sustainable Community Development. Topic: Local Development, Marginalization, Globalization, and Regional and Local Responses 196 THE STUDY OF LOCAL WISDOM HAMIS BATAR OF MANEHITU FAFIUR IN BELU REGENCY, NTT IN PERSPECTIVE OF CONSERVING THE NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENTFrida Tahu1, Puguh Karyanto2, Yasin Yusuf3 Universitas Sebelas Maret This aims of this study are to determine 1). The local wisdom of the hamis batar mechanisms of Manehitu Fafiur tribe, in Belu district, NTT, 2) The implementation of local wisdom in the tribe of Manehitu Fafiur, in Belu district, NTT, 3). The role of local wisdom hamis batar in the conservation of natural resources and environment in Belu Regency, NTT. The research is a qualitative research using grounded research approach. The data collection is done through observation, documentation, and interviews with several resource person people. Qualitative data analysis through, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. Based on the result of the research shows that 1) The ceremony of bamis is done through three stages: The first stage is land preparation, the second stage is done through the planting stage, and the third stage is done through the ceremony held in the house of Manehitu fafiur, 2) the form of local wisdom done by the Manehitu Fafiur tribe community, among others include: (a) agriculture system, (b) knowledge system, (c) technological system, and (d) conservation practices. All this is done by basing on the provisions of adat that has been embedded in the soul and done with full awareness by all members of Manehitu Fafiur society 3) Of manehitu fafiur society tribe dependents on nature and always keeps the balance of nature. Relationships between aspects of the life aspects of Manahitu fafiur tribe have a synergistic integration in creating sustainable living. Topic: Local Development, Marginalization, Globalization, and Regional and Local Responses 197 DIALECT VARIANTS FOR GEOGRAPHIC NAMES OF TRADITIONAL FOOD AND BEVERAGES IN PLERED DISTRICT, CIREBON REGENCYFirman Aziz and Welsi Damayanti Communication Departemen Indonesia University of Education Jalan Dr. Setiabudi No. 229 Bandung This research was conducted in Plered District. Plered District is chosen as locus of this research because of its uniquenesses. One of its uniquenesses is a diversity of communities that have experienced acculturation and language. The data examined in this study amounted to one hundred and seven vocabularies. The method used in this study is descriptive, i.e. a method that aims to create a portrait or depiction on data, attribute, and relationships of phenomena under study in a systematic, factual, and accurate way. Thus, the expected result is to establish the description of vocabulary in form of a portrait or disclosure as it is. The purpose of this study is to identify the development of the vocabularies in Cirebon’s geographical dialect, that is the frontier of lulugu Cirebonese (formal language) and Cirebon Sundanese (informal language). The results showed that there was a wide difference between Plered northern dialect with South Plered in phonologic-morphophonemic, such as language symptoms of metathesis, protesis, epentesis, aperesis, syncope, and apocope. Beside that, there are morphological differences in repeated words (reduplication) and compound (compositum), while in semantical differences, there may be a completely different form, but the inherent meaning is still the same. Topic: Local Development, Marginalization, Globalization, and Regional and Local Responses 198 DEVELOPMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE IN AREA DEVELOPMENT (Case Study in Pontianak)Wini Mustikarani1, Nandi2 Jurusan Pendidikan Geografi Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Jln. Setiabudi No.290 Bandung wini.m86[at]gmail.com This paper aims to describe the existing infrastructure in the city of Pontianak which serve as a benchmark in the development in the region. The method used qualitative descriptive method with documentary study technique. Data analysis techniques use interactive analysis. Existing Infrastructure (Physical Hard Infrastructure) such as Supadio International Airport, Sui Ambawang International Bus , Dwikora Dock, Bridge Kapuas are used as supporting the mobility of Pontianak people in doing daily activities. Infrastructure soft (Non-Physical Hard Infrastructure) is already available Telephone / telecommunications networks are considered to have a significant development of the year, in addition to the electricity network in this region is considered to meet the electricity needs of Pontianak residents, although in fact the phenomenon of lights die often, The clean water in Pontianak is considered to have fulfilled the needs of Pontianak residents although in fact the clean water is not only obtained from the PDAM just out of the river and rain water reservoir that has been done by the people of Pontianak. Topic: Local Development, Marginalization, Globalization, and Regional and Local Responses 199 THE IDEOLOGY OF TERRITORY IN THE FRAMES OF TEXT BOOK OF INDONESIAN HISTORY: BETWEEN FACTS AND MYTHSWawan Darmawan, Agus Mulyana, Tarunasena Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia ABSTRACT This paper reveals the results of a study of historical subject matter which is considered to contain regional ideological messages using discourse analysis methods. Through this method paired between the construction of material in accordance with the fact as the event occurred with the myth of the author who created a textbook that reinforces the message to be built. Textbooks studied are high school history textbooks (SMA) in accordance with the curriculum applied in Indonesia. Based on the results of the study there are several themes or topics that reinforce the message ideology, especially territorial ideology. The ideological goal is to foster the spirit of nationalism, love of the homeland, strengthen the integration of the nation, and achieve the goal of historical education. Topic: Other topic related to Applied Geography 200 Physical Land Suitability for Civet Coffea arabica: Study cases of Bandung and Bangli, IndonesiaEllyna Chairani, Raldi H. Koestoer & Jatna Supriatna School of Environmental Science, University of Indonesia Indonesia has been widely known as the best Coffea arabica producer, in terms of both aspects, quality and number of product for Coffea arabica. Currently, its production, however, declines to the 3rd rank internationally. Issues emerged in the coffee cultivation were among others: poor of land suitability, the low quality of seeds, and poor management. Among Arabica coffee types, wild civet coffee is the most expensive one and is harvested from the coffee beans which have been digested naturally. The study aims to determine the suitability of land as well as the constraints related to land for civet Coffea arabica in selected study cases for Bandung, Bandung Barat and Bangli areas. The research methods cover multicriteria analysis, and combined with weighted overlaying techniques for mapping. The parameters used include temperature, rainfall, humidity, duration of dry month, slope, altitude, type of soil, soil texture, and erosion. Parameters of civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) are land use, altitude, and temperature. Local policy strongly supports the extensive management for land and the increase of coffee export. Processing data involved macthing the comparison between guideline requirements for the land suitability classes, characteristics of Coffea arabica and civet habitat. The results covered the profile suitability of the civet Coffea arabica in the study areas for Bandung, Bandung Barat, and Bangli Districts. Topic: Other topic related to Applied Geography 201 Information Literacy as an effort to strengthen the integrity of territorial of the country and the nationTarunasena, Rusman, Wawan Darmawan Department of History Education, Faculty of Social Science Education, Indonesia University of Education Entering the 21st century, countries in the world including Indonesia get a rush of globalization as the impact of the opening of territorial boundaries. It is strongly supported by advances in information and communication technology at this time. Easily public opinion can be led through an issue that develops in such a way that it can have both positive and negative impacts. Positive impact, can encourage the progress and integrity of a territory Country and nation. While the negative impact, can lead to friction that leads to the split of a nation, and the release of parts of a country. A matter of concern if not addressed quickly and precisely by every stakeholder, especially educational stakeholders. . The strengthening of information literacy on the implementation of the 2013 curriculum in Indonesia is expected to reduce the negative impact of the rapid flow of information, so that the sense of nationality and territorial integrity can be maintained. Topic: Other topic related to Applied Geography 202 VISUALIZATION OF FAST FOOD RESTAURANT LOCATION USING GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMDyah Lestari Widaningrum, Isti Surjandari, and Aniati Murni Arymurthy Universitas Indonesia The fast food restaurant industry, as one of the food service formats, has been growing significantly in Indonesia, and still continuing in the future. Understanding of consumer behavior, as well as its various influence factors, such as demographic and socio-economic factors, are needed to be done to support decisions in a business perspective. The purpose of this research is to study the utilization of various data visualized with Geographical Information System approach, to support decision making process, especially related to location analysis. Fast food restaurants in Jakarta were selected as the object of this research. The results show the various information generated from the developed geographic information system and some future research were also addressed in this article. Topic: Other topic related to Applied Geography 203 Soft skills of Analysis In Candidate Workforce of Industrial Estate in Banten Facing Globalization of ASEAN Economic Community (MEA)Andri Rivelino, Enok Maryani, Disman Graduate School, This research aims to analyze soft skills from the aspect of communication skills and problem solving skills by analyzing the factors which have the variables form. This research is a kind of quantitative research with analytical technique using standard mean and standard deviation. Hypothesis testing is done by one-party T-test. The method used in this research is survey method. The populations in this study are all students accounting majors class XII SMK Negeri industrial area as prospective worker with a sample from school selected stratified random sampling in the academic year 2016/2017. While the student sample selection is done by random sampling. Questionnaire data collection is done by giving a set of questions or written statement to the respondent to be answered. The analysis of the research results shows that soft skills of the aspects of communication skills and problem-solving skills are included in the high category. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 204 BUILDING NATIONAL POWER THROUGH EMPOWERING HUMAN GEOGRAPHYSapriya Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The purpose of this article is to examine an Indonesian human potential from a geography point of view as a resource that can be considered as an important factor in building national power. The method used is descriptive analysis of ideas of political experts from social, political, and public policy literatures and journal articles with the national power theory of Han J Morgenthau (1963). The analysis results show that every nation states aspire to be a strong state and can exist for an indefinite period of time. Similarly, the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, has the ideals of realizing a just and prosperous society. Some elements as a national force to consider and prioritize development in Indonesia to achieve the ideals of the founding fathers, Soekarno and Hatta, of the Indonesian nation are aspects of improving the quality of the population that includes character and mental strength, mastery of science and technology, skills that can answer the Indonesian needs and challenges of the 21st century, the utilization region and land with respect to the principles of sustainable development, preparing for national leadership, and equitable development and housing. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 205 TheTradition of Ikan Larangan as a Local knowledge of Environment for Minangkabau EtnicWirdanengsih Faculty of Social Sains Universitas Negeri Padang The Local knowledge is the knowledge or way of life of local communities that have a relationship with the fulfillment of life both materially and socially where local knowledge becomes a connecting point of generation to generation follows because local knowledge is a concept, an idea, and ideas are always in transmition to the next generation there by building a harmony in managing life and environment . the local wisdom in the archipelago are sourced from the public Minangkabau ethnic group in which each tribe has its own uniqueness in the development process of their local wisdom. The wisdom in the management of the environment in the Minangkabau tribe is the tradition of "fish ban" and therefore this study describe how indigenous fish ban form the social capital of communities in the management environment. This research approach kualitatif descriptively technique collecting the date through observation and interviews and review of documentation date. The results of the study portrait that this Ikan larangan tradition, in addition to increasing the productivity of local fish, also conserving resources especially fisheries, is also a solution in enhancing the development of places of worship , education, as well as their local infrastructure. This culture can indeed improve the economy of local communities. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 206 THE INFLUENCE OF COMMUNITY DAILY ACTIVITIES TO RHYTM OF A PLACE WITH GEOGRAPHY RHYTM APPROACH IN LUBUK BERINGIN VILLAGE, BUNGO REGENCY, JAMBI PROVINCEWahyu Purwanto (a*) , Moh Gamal Rindarjono (b), Sarwono (c) a) Departmen of Geography Education, Sebelas Maret University 36Th Ir. Sutami street, Kentingan, Surakarta, Central Java – Indonesia, Pos Code 57126 *wahyup.geo09[at]gmail.com b) Departmen of Geography Education, Sebelas Maret University 36Th Ir. Sutami street, Kentingan, Surakarta, Central Java – Indonesia, Pos Code 57126 *mas6amal[at]yahoo.com c) Departmen of Geography Education, Sebelas Maret University 36Th Ir. Sutami street, Kentingan, Surakarta, Central Java – Indonesia, Pos Code 57126 This research explains about the daily activities of Lubuk Beringin Village community which influences the rhythm of a place by using geography rhytmanalysis. In describing the daily activities of the community in this paper using time geography. The purpose of this paper is to know how the daily activities of the people of Lubuk Beringin Village affect the rhythm of a place in Lubuk Beringin Village, Bathin III Ulu Subdistrict, Bungo Regency. This research is a qualitative research conducted by using ethnography approach in understanding the daily practice of society. The result is local wisdom conservation conducted by the community affects lubuk larangan and village’s forest rhythm. Based on Time Geography, the most widespread space is performed by men who work as farmers and civil servants, while the smallest space is done by women as housewife. In addition, there is also a rhythmic clash of rhythm, work and religious rhythm. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 207 The Impact of Tidal Flood on Food Security in Pekalongan Coastal AreaRika Harini, Bowo Susilo, Supriyati, M Chrisna Satriagasa, Rina Dwi Ariani, Tiara Sarastika Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia One of the goals of sustainable development is the achievement of food security. Food security assessment is not separated on the issue of availability and food needs. Human ability to access food becomes an important thing to be studied. As one of the coastal areas often affected by rob floods will directly affect the living conditions of socio-economic society. The purpose of this study is to assess the socio-economic conditions of the community and assess the impact of the rob flood on food security in coastal areas of Pekalongan. The location of research is in three areas that directly adjacent to coastal pekalonganPrimary data is the main data used as the basis of analysis through structured interview techniques with 90 respondents. The analysis is done descriptively quantitatively which is elaborated through tables, graphs and maps. The result of this research indicate from 3 region there are similarity of social economic characteristic of society. The average food expenditure in 3 regions is higher than non-food expenditure. The three study areas are categorized as food insecure, especially in the Tegaldowo region. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 208 LOCAL WISDOM IN ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION: A Case Study on Environmental Education Based on Indigenous and Local Knowledge of Lubuk Larangan in Bungo Regency of Jambi ProvinceMoh Gamal Rindarjono (a*), Seno Budhi Ajar (b), Wahyu Purwanto (c) a) Geography Study Program of Teacher Training and Education Faculty Sebelas Maret University of Surakarta Indonesia Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A – Surakarta, e-mail: mas6amal[at]yahoo.com b) Geography Study Program of Teacher Training and Education Faculty Sebelas Maret University of Surakarta Indonesia Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A – Surakarta, c) Geography Study Program of Teacher Training and Education Faculty Sebelas Maret University of Surakarta Indonesia Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A – Surakarta, e-mail: wahyup.geo09[at]gmail.com Lubuk Larangan is a unique and typical thing which cannot be found anywhere except in Jambi. Due to the aforementioned reasons, the present study aims at: (1) mapping spatial distribution and pattern of Lubuk Larangan in Bungo regency of Jambi, (2) analyzing the occuring spatial process before, during, and after the formation of Lubuk Larangan, (3) finding out the extent of public role in environmental conservation around Lubuk Larangan, and (4) finding out the extent to which Integrated Conservation and Development Project can work in the society around Lubuk Larangan. The research was conducted in Bungo regency of Jambi by selecting the research samples at Lubuk Beringin village in Bathin III Ulu district of Bungo regency of Jambi. It applied survey method; prior to the pre-survey, a tentative map of Lubuk Larangan distribution using satellite imagery was provided. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was also conducted to obtain data on social norms applied in Lubuk Larangan and to discuss the existing obstacles during the implementation. All data were analyzed using GIS and descriptive qualitative analyses to find out the spatial pattern and process as required in Geography study Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 209 THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION ON MANGROVE CONSERVATION IN SAYUNG, DEMAK FROM 2004 – 2016SRI ASTUTI, CHATARINA MURYANI, MOH . GAMAL RINDARJONO Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract This study examines the change of mangrove land from 2004 to 2016 in Sayung, Demak, to investigate the community participation on mangrove conservation forest in Sayung, Demak. This research used descriptive qualitative method with embedded research case design. A Sampling technique used under the form of Purposive Sampling and Snowball Sampling technique. This research data collection techniques used are field observation, in-depth interviews, documentation, and literature study. This research adopted Miles and Huberman’s collective data which consist of three activities; the data reduction, presentation, and withdrawal of conclusion / verification. This study results; The change of mangrove land in Sayung Sub-district of Demak Regency from 2004 to 2016 has expanded the area, that is in 2004 has wide of 32,48 Ha, in 2009 has wide of 49.05 Ha, in 2014 has wide 115,65 Ha, and in year 2016 has an area of 160.89 Ha. There are 4 villages that became the location of research because of its location in Coastal North Coast of Java, namely: Sriwulan Village, Bedono Village, Timbulsloko Village and Surodadi Village., some techniques used by the community participants, Management of resources without damaging the conservation of mangroves. Bedono village became a region with high category participation rate with the percentage of respondents as much as 45,36% planting & maintenance, and 46,39% resource management. While the village of Sriwulan become the region with low category participation rate of 46.46% planting & maintenance and 43.43% resource management. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 210 Analysis Social Capital of Community Agribusiness to Improving Social Productivity Space in The Agropolitan Region of Ciamis RegencyDeden Syarifudin; Riza Fathoni Ishak Urban and Regional Planning Studies Program, Universitas Pasundan Agribusiness is a business that is very vulnerable to both external and internal changes. In the context of agropolitan, the agribusiness community is the condition with very high activity and creative in winning the market. This is different from the agribusiness contained in the Agropolitan Area of Ciamis Regency which is increasing very slowly. One of them is the community is not formed institutionally and the community actors work individually rather than the collective spirit which is characteristic of social capital. This study aims to identify the typology of social capital which is then integrated with existing productive space that can enhance the cooperation of agribusiness actors in the region. The methodology used is case studies, viewing and observing social processes that occur from time to time by doing depth interviews, the results of which are used to map the spatial space of any visit so as to enhance social interaction, trust and public sharing. The results obtained based on typology there are several typologies such as participation in one network, reciprocity, norm, and participation. They are not formed by instances, unless there are public spaces where interwoven social closeness through interaction, sharing, knowledge transfer, equality of perception that led to cooperation. Furthermore, seen from the radius trust generalized there are 3 categories namely in radius> 5 km is community in District Panjalu, District Sukmaantri; A radius trust of 1-3 km is located in District Panumbangan; and radius trust <1 km is found in the community of District Cihaurbeuti. Productive spaces to be relevant in enhancing interaction, sharing, knowledge transfer, perception equations are mosques, sports rooms, markets, community meeting rooms, business group halls and farmer groups. In integrating the social productive sphere is the need to maintain spaces that are still relevant, the space structure that facilitates the achievement of social space, revitalizes and the functioning of social productive spaces and the addition of social productive space both by the innovative private (cafe, sport club, internet servicess, product display space ), As well as by the government due to the conversion of existing spaces with other functions, as well as the addition of active green open spaces, other IT-based interactive spaces. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 211 THE ROLE OF REMITTANCE IN THE FAMILY WELFARE OF INDONESIAN MIGRANT WORKERS (TKI) IN BAWEAN ISLANDSinggih Susilo (a*), Wulan Amelia (a) a) Faculty of Social Science, State University of Malang Jl. Semarang 5, Malang 65145, Indonesia *singgihsusilo15[at]yahoo.com Remittance is a very important thing in realizing the economic prosperity of Indonesian migrant workers (TKI). Previous research finds three models of remittance management, which are directly utilized, savings, and bank repayment. The problem studied is how the level of economic prosperity of migrant domestic workers in Bawean Island. Data collection was done by in-depth interview, to 19 subjects of TKI. Welfare analysis is conducted through Prosperous Family Development. The result shows that the stages of the prosperous family of migrant workers are as follows: 2 subjects are in the second stage of prosperous families, 15 subjects are in the third stage prosperous families, and 2 subjects reach the third stage plus prosperous families. The low level of welfare stage three plus, just because the indicator of activity in the board of institutions or foundations of local communities. This research concludes that labor migrants are in good household economic condition. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 212 Spatial Analysis of Educational Facilities Services Pattern In Malang CityDeni Agus Setyono & Denny Dwi Cahyono Urban and Regional Planning Department Brawijaya University The availability of public facilities has important meaning especially to enhance the community activities and also fulfill the community needs. Public facilities played as vital component as part of human settlement and it’s must be provided in each areas. One form of public facility is schools or educational facilities which is in Indonesia every person must attend from elementary up to high school. In general, provision of educational facilities in Indonesia still carried out on the basis of population size and spatial availabilities until now, which means for the new facilities development used the scale and capacity of services analysis on related facility. Provision of educational facilities also limited on the basis of administrative boundaries. This study aims to measures service rates of educational facilities in the Malang City based on supply aspect (school availability), and then configure the spatial pattern of services. This study conducted based on the characteristics of facility services especially for elementary, junior high and high school facilities. As previous study that had been carried out, the measurement was done with the cell/grid catchment (CGC) analysis to identify the service rates from each areas in Malang City. Based on the analysis result, rate of elementary school rates in the Malang City defined by the grid/cell approach was 272% meanwhile rate for the junior high school was higher with 343% and rate for high school facilities was the highest with 549%. The pattern of school services in Malang City relatively similar between its districts and villages which are high service rates located in the city center. Another district has the lowest service rates especially in the suburban and peripheral areas. It is means that students in Malang City can access elementary school freely, they are not only can choose the school in their administrative boundary but also they can access school everywhere of their city areas. In the future, this study can make the educational facility development policy should be arranged appropriately in accordance to promote adequate school services and reach all areas equally. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 213 Labor and Sustainable Development in Traditional Oil MiningVIERONICA VARBI SUNUNIANTI Major of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Science UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA Declining rubbers in the world affects socio-economic life of rural community. One of them is changing livelihoods to traditional oil mining worker (illegal). Tranditional oil mining locations caused trouble, either spatial, horizontal, and vertical in social interactions. For the reason, writer interests to describe factors that affect works on traditional oil mining. Social interactions is occured in traditional oil mining and sustainable development practices. Writers used approach flexible labor market and sustainable development. This paper based on qualitative descriptive research in some village in Musi Banyuasin district, South Sumatra, Indonesia. The unskill worker works only using solely muscle and network. Bad work conditions, low level of work safety and health are comparable with money that circulates in the village. The social and cultural condition in this area decline caused by drugs and entertainment. Conflicting power in the rural areas will be arisen. In additional, the massive function plantation and environmental degradation will appear. For it, the writer needs to present social intercourse. This essay will contribute for the stakeholders to role sustainable development on economic, social, and environment aspect. It is also for considering future generations. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 214 Pierre Bourdieu and Human GeographyWidiyanto Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta (lecturer) Institute of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Austria (PhD Student) Pierre Bourdieu is now considered as one of the influential figures in the social science. His theory is not only widely used in sociology, anthropology, philosophy, but also in geography. In development studies, Bourdieu’s work is adopted by a number of scholars as a way to meet the conceptual challenges of mainstream livelihoods research. Bourdieu’s theory is used particularly to criticize the Sustainable Livelihood framework which neglects the involvement of power-relation and understands livelihood strategies and asset in very materialistic way. By examining the state of tobacco peasant livelihoods living in Sindoro-Sumbing Mountainside, this article is going to explore the contributions of Bourdieu concepts of habitus, field, and capital as an attempt to overcome the weaknesses of livelihood approach. Topic: Other topic related to Human Geography 215 Effect of Monsoon Flood to Groundwater Quality in Kuala Krai, Kelantan, MalaysiaNasir Nayan, Mohmadisa Hashim, Yazid Saleh, Hanifah Mahat, Koh Liew See Department of Geography and Environment, Faculty of Human Sciences, Sultan Idris Education University, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia. Evaluation of water sources quality plays an important role during floods especially the groundwater. This study aimed to assess the effect of floods on the quality of groundwater in Kuala Krai. Six sampling stations were selected involving six main parameters, namely dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS) and ammonia nitrogen (NH3N). The assessment was conducted according to the Interim National Water Quality Standards Malaysia (INWQS) and the water quality index (WQI) classification, which has been established by the Department of Environment (DOE). The study found that flooding could affect groundwater quality, especially the DO, pH and BOD parameters. Based on WQI classification, most of well water stations are in Class III which is moderately polluted except the T6 station which is in Class II with clean status. This condition shows that the quality of groundwater in Kuala Krai is in the moderately polluted category and a full treatment is required for drinking water supply, especially during flooding events. Topic: Other topic related to Physical Geography 216 The Decreasing Trend of Precipitation Observed at Watersheds in Padang for The Period 1975-2013Sugeng Nugroho (a*), Ratna Wilis (b) a) Stasiun Klimatologi Padang Pariaman, BMKG Sumatera Barat Jalan Raya Padang-Bukittinggi Km.51, Padang Pariaman, Sumatera Barat, 25584, Indonesia *sugeng_ho[at]yahoo.com b) Jurusan Geografi, Universitas Negeri Padang Jalan Prof. Dr. Hamka Kampus UNP Air Tawar, Padang, Sumatera Barat, 25131, Indonesia One of the consequences of the ongoing climate change is the increasing likelihood of extreme precipitation frequency in the future, which causes the declining trend of total precipitation that affects water debits in the watersheds and brings difficulties to a city like Padang that is situated near the watersheds. In order to elaborate on this, a number of extreme precipitation indices recommended by ETCCDMI was utilized to assess the extreme precipitation condition for the period 1975-2013. These indices were calculated based on the rain-gauge stations along the watersheds in and around Padang. Before processing the data, a series of homogeneity test were undertaken to make sure the data were comparable. The results showed that there was a significant declining trend on the total annual precipitation (PRCPTOT), an increasing trend of the number of days without rain (R0) and a decreasing frequency of the number of days with precipitation of more than 50 mm in the Batang Kuranji Watershed. The results suggested that atmospheric circulations, such as El Nino and positive Dipole Mode, have played their role on the trend as a result of their intensified frequency due to global warming. Topic: Other topic related to Physical Geography 217 The Effect of Jatigede Dam Construction towards the Spatial Pattern of Total Suspended Solids in Waters Areas around Mouth of Cimanuk RiverRosi Handayani Tri Hadi Sukarno, Revi Hernina and Eko Kusratmoko Department of Geography, University of Indonesia Construction of dams in the upstream area will lead to changes in flow water and sediment output that is in the downstream area. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of the functioning of the dam Jatigede in Sumedang District towards the condition of total suspended solids (TSS) in the waters sea areas around the mouth of the Ci Manuk river. In this study, the imagery used is Landsat 8 OLI /TIRS multi-temporal during the time before and after the functioning of dam Jatigede around from years 2014 to 2016 were used to identify the amount of TSS. To identify TSS, then the algorithm is used is the Budhiman (2004) TSS = 8.1429*exp (23.704*band red). The area of study in this research is divided into three regions, The Western Region at Mouth Ci Manuk River, Water sea areas between the two mouth of Ci Manuk River, and The Eastern Mouth of Ci Manuk River. The spatial analysis that used in this study is a trend surface analysis. At the time after Jatigede operated which were already more than 15 months, the distributions and amounts of TSS concentration> 80mg / l tends to reduce, especially at section the waters areas that close to the mainland. Furthermore, this study also discusses the changes in the spatial and temporal variations in relation to the flow rate and oceanographic factors such as ocean currents and waves. Topic: Other topic related to Physical Geography 218 Spatial Pattern of Shallow Groundwater Vulnerability to Contamination using SINTACS Model in Taman Rahayu, Bekasi CityDita Wahyu Primastuti (a*), Eko Kusratmoko (b) Department of Geography, University of Indonesia, Depok, West Java, 16424, Indonesia Groundwater contamination by nitrate and other nutrients is a major problem throughout the world, often occurring as the result of anthropogenic activities and lack of management. In the last few decades in the majority of the Bekasi regions, the nitrate concentrations in groundwater have dramatically increased. The aim of this study is to determine areas Vulnerability of shallow groundwater and analyze the spatial pattern of shallow groundwater vulnerability to contamination with SINTACS and SINTACS-Lu in Taman Rahayu, Bekasi. A unified legend and symbols are also defined for each hydrogeologic level. Data analysis was performed using Geographic Information Systems. Both models vulnerability verification by measuring the concentration of nitrate in the areas of vulnerability. The result showed the areas of vulnerability of shallow groundwater models divided into three classes, low, medium and high. Cross table test showed an accuracy 70% for SINTACS and 80% for SINTACS-Lu model. Topic: Other topic related to Physical Geography 219 Land Conservation to Overcome Flood In the Bandung BasinDede Sugandi, Nanin Trianawati, Lili Somantri Department of Geography Education Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia Pembangunan yang tidak seimbang dengan keadaan lingkungan akan menimbulkan degradasi atau kerusakan lingkungan. Pembangunan yang yang tidak seimbang akan menimbulkan dampak negatif yaitu, banjir. Tujuan penelitian yaitu, 1. menghitung besar volume air hujan, 2. menganalisis upaya mengurangi volume banjir, 3. menganalisis upaya meningkatkan peresapan, dan 4. menganalisis bentuk konservasi yang harus dilakukan untuk mengurangi volume banjir dengan meningkatkanan peresapan di Cekungan Bandung. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah system informasi geografis dan Penginderaan Jauh dengan tahapan persiapan, interpretasi, survey lapangan, interpretasi ulang dan laporan. Sedangkan teknik analisis dilakukan mulai dari croping wilayah yang akan dianalisis, selanjutnya (a) pemotongan citra; (b) penajaman citra; (c) klasifikasi citra. Perhitungan intensitas hujan menggunakan rumus : Ih = L x K, untuk menghitung volume curah hujan menggunakan rumus : V = R x A. Kerusakan lingkungan terlihat dengan munculnya masalah bagi kehidupan, seperti banjir. Banjir diakibatkan adanya ketidak sesuaian volume curah hujan dengan kapasitas sungai. Peningkatan volume aliran permukaan akibat terjadinya perubahan penggunaan lahan terutama perubahan dari lahan yang berfungsi sebagai peresapan air menjadi kedap air (are terbangun) dengan luas 535.155.000 m2. Dengan curah hujan 25,6 mm/jam pada lahan terbangun menghassilkan volume aliran permukaan sebesar 13.699.968 m3. Jika volume curah hujan tersebut dapat diserapkan ke dalam tanah perlu disebarkan pada setiap lahan terbangun. Dengan perhitungan setiap luas lahan 100 m2 dengan rata-rata volume curah hujan selama 5 jam sekitar 8.96 m3. Artinya setiap lahan terbangun 100 m2 harus meresapkan sekitar 8.96 m3. Besarnya aliran permukaan sebesar 13.699.968 m3 melalui lahan yang terbangun tiap 100 m2 dan meresapkan volume aliran permukaan 8.96 m3 dalam bentuk, a. Lahan resapan, b. Sumur resapan, dan c. Penjagaan, pemeliharaan dan perlindungan lahan hutan serta mengembalikan lahan yang krtitis serta lahan yang memiliki kemiringan curam dengan tumbuhan keras dan tahunan. Kesimpulan dari penelitian bahwa besar aliran permukaan akibat perubahan penggunaan lahan terutama lahan terbangun. Aliran permukaan dapat diminimalisisr dengan meresapkan volume curah hujan pada lahan terbangun setiap 100 m2, sehingga tidak curah hujan yang mengalir di permukaan. Tetapi upaya ini perlu partisipasi penduduk dan kebijakan pemerintah. Topic: Other topic related to Physical Geography 220 Flashiness Level of Several Rivers in Citarum Watershed, West JavaGanif Pratama, Dr. rer. Nat. Eko Kusratmoko, M.S. University of Indonesia Hidrologic response in developed urban watershed marked from discharge fluctuation. The indication is increasing from flashiness level. Through daily discharge data processing during 1994-2016 with Richard-Baker Index (RBI), analyzed the flashiness level derived from four rivers in Citarum watershed connected with change of watershed characteristics and rainfall. The results of spatial and temporal analysis show that flashiness level of The Cimeta River is highest. Variation of flashiness index on four rivers is relatively homogeneous indicating mountainous area. The highest level of flashiness occurs during the transition season and the lowest flashiness occurs during the dry season. The density of river network and land cover affects the flashiness index. The level of flashiness in El Nino years is relatively smaller than in years not El Nino. Topic: Other topic related to Physical Geography 221 Ethnic Kampongs Areas in Spatial Perspective in Kuto Batu, PalembangEni Heldayani, Maharani Oktavia, Nuranisa Geography Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, PGRI University of Palembang This paper presents the impression of spatial segregation that appears in ethnic kampongs areas in Kuto Batu, Palembang. Examining them based on participatory mapping and visual interpretation with a spatial perspective. From this perspective, the data suggests that Chinese houses are located to the outer of the kampongs while Arabians are to the inner. The orientation of chinese houses form a linear pattern alongside the road network while the Arabians are clustered near the sacred objects due to the maintenance of the site. In addition, there is also a difference in the function of the house, Chinese houses have a dual function as a residence and a shop, while the Arabians are for residence only Topic: Population Geography 222 System Dynamics Modeling of Indonesia Population ProjectionAgus Joko Pitoyo (a*), Muhammad Dhiya Ulhaq (b**), Abdul Wahid (c***), Shofiyyah Taqiyyah (d****) a Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Gadjah Mada University Center for Population and Policy Studies, Gadjah Mada University Bulak Sumur, Sleman, DI Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia *aguspit[at]ugm.ac.id b Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Gadjah Mada University Bulak Sumur, Sleman, DI Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia **muhammad.dhiya.u[at]mail.ugm.ac.id c,dDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia Kampus Baru UI Depok 16424, Jawa Barat, Indonesia ***wahid[at]che.ui.ac.id ****shofiyyahtaqi[at]gmail.com Population projections are indispensable for the planning of future development policies due to the characteristic of the data provided is periodically such as for ten years (census population, SP) and five years (inter-census population surveys, SUPAS). System Dynamics method is suitable to use for making population projections over time since it implements the feedback loop. The model use four stages according with the age structure used: youth (0-19 years), adult (20-39 years), middle age (40-59 years), and old (60+ years). The result of total population projection shows that the difference of absolute average with United Nations (UN) projection is 0.149% (less than BPS projection result as 0.360%) and 0.82% with PSKK. This result was able to improve BPS projection as 59%. The projection result based on the age structure shows that the differences of absolute average with UN projection are 1% (youth), 1% (adult), 5% (middle age), and 12% (old). Topic: Population Geography 223 Travel Pattern in Urban Fringe Area of Bandung CityRatna Agustina, Kania Aryani Risyalaina Dept. Urban Regional Planning Intitut Teknologi Nasional, Bandung Indonesia Nowdays, the urban development keeps growing until it reaches the urban fringe area, so that it causes land function changing from agricultural field to non-agricultural field as the global effect. The rapid increase of population causes some demands such as the needs of land to settle or place to live in. The eastern part of Bandung is the urban fringe area which can be an alternative way for some developers to provide those people building houses to live in. The existance of this residence in east Bandung will effect a highly movement and mobility of the people and its activities because theyre far from the city. The purpose of this research is to know the characteristic of population movement system in east Bandung which categorizes as one of the urban fringe area. The analysis method used are descriptive statistic method and cross tabulation method based from home interview data which is a dwelling profile and population, travels diary which is daily records of the movement. The result of this research is that the movement pattern of east Bandung population is dominated by the needs of people to reach to school, college, and work place. The intention of people going to the college and the work place is higher than going to school. However, their destination is outside the study area. The distance way to get to work and study in the college, it makes people have to choose what kind of transportation they will use in order to get there in time. People tend to choose their private vehiche, for example car and motorcycle. The cross tabulation analysis shows that there is a connection between the distance and the movement with the transportation which is used. Topic: Population Geography 224 Seasonal Labor Migration Pattern of Industrial Workers in Bekasi RegencySony Nugratama H, Adrian Pendidikan Geografi FKIP Unisma Bekasi Industrial activities and services in cities are increasingly oriented towards the global economy, have encouraged the physical and socio-economic development of the city, but have weakened the linkages with the local economy, especially rural economies. The most significant impact is with the increasing demand for labor, which in turn greatly spurred the movement of the population from rural to urban. Bekasi regency located on pheryphery of Jakarta and Bekasi city, has experienced significant regional development. As an industrial area, Bekasi Regency is very attractive for prospective workers. Population issues that need attention are labor issues. Along with the increasing population, the number of workers also increased. People aged 15 years and above are those classified as working age population. In 2013, the number of job seekers is 30,529 while the number or number of job vacancies is 17,253. The purpose of this research is to identify geographically the area of origin of industrial workforce in Bekasi Regency which is the most dominant, to know the characteristics of labor of industry sector based on educational level, and competence of competence. This research uses quantitative descriptive method with survey approach, and also conducting interviews to stakeholders namely local government of Bekasi Regency. The results of this study indicate that the workforce of the industrial sector in Bekasi Regency comes from several provinces, the largest percentage comes from the province of West Java, Central Java. For certain industries, such as automotive dominated by labor of origin of Central Java province. In addition, the characteristics of labor based on the level of education comes from the level of Vocational High School (SMK). In addition, the competence possessed by the workforce is the expertise in the assembly of light vehicles. Topic: Population Geography 225 Human Development in Civil Registration Aspect: Achievement of Birth Certificate Documents in IndonesiaMuhammad Arif Fahrudin Alfana,Tatak Puji Wahyudi and Dewi Nurul Aulia Faculty of Geography Universitas Gadjah Mada The purpose of this study is to explain the achievements of sustainable development on aspects of civil registration in Indonesia. The data used are birth certificate data in Indonesia from 2012 to 2016. This research will present information about Indonesias position for starting point of achievement of SDGs in the future. The data are sourced from the Statistics Welfare that published by Central Bureau of Statistics. Data analysis was done by descriptive analysis and spatial analysis. The result known that development on the civil record keeps better over the years. The achievement of birth certificate in Indonesia continues to increase from 52.92 percent (2012) to 66.3 percent (2016). However, not all provinces are in good condition. Based on spatial and temporal data, provinces in eastern Indonesia have always been lagging behind in the west. Among provinces with low birth certificate ownership in Indonesia are Papua and East Nusa Tenggara. Topic: Population Geography 226 Early marriages in Sleman District: the challenges and strategy to family qualityMuhammad Arif Fahrudin Alfana,Tatak Puji Wahyudi and Widha Ayu Nur Permata Hanif Faculty of Geography Universitas gadjah Mada The purpose this research to explain challenges and family strategy of early marriage in Sleman District. It was triggered of the high number early marriage in Sleman District the last three years. Even in 2014, an increase in cases of early marriage of 6-fold from the previous year. Data collection method was conducted with survey to 55 respondents. Sampling is done by using multi stage sampling method. While the data analysis is done by descriptive analysis, comparative analysis and spatial analysis. The results showed that adolescents who perform early marriage in Sleman District average age 20 years old and the last education is junior high to senior high school. They are also mostly from poor families. Major challenge faced by the early marriage couple is unstable of economic family. Family Strategy to overcome these problems include raising livestock, saving and wife work alongside. Topic: Population Geography 227 The Like Lexicon of Geographic’s Toponymic at West Java: Study of EtnosemanticsWelsi Damayanti1, Nuri Novianti Afidah2 Faculty of Social Science and Education, Indonesia University of Education, 40154 Indonesia The Like Lexicon is one of the phenomenon of language as a product of unique cultural development. The Like Lexicon can be found in the toponym in West Java. The development of Sundanese toponym is determined by time and social situations. This is proven by the naming of places and roads associated with factors of sociohistorical and geographical activity. This study aims to describe (a) toponym in West Java, especially the like lexicon of verbs; (b) the formation meaning of the toponym; (c) the relationship between its meaning based on its component meanings, and (d) the socio-cultural representation that emerges behind the like toponym in West Java. In addition, to explore a number of lexeme express like verb like in Sundanese. The data used in this research is like lexicon in the toponym in West Java. The process of data analysis refers to the qualitative approach with the method of meaning. The research stage is done through topic selection process, determining the focus of research, designing research, data collection process, data analysis, data interpretation, and conclusion drawing. The end result of this study provides an ethnosemantic discipline perspective. Topic: Toponymy 228 SOCIO-CULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS ON TOPONYMY SYSTEM OF VILLAGES IN THE EAST REGION OF CIREBONBayu Iqbal Anshari (a*), Moh. Dede (c), Amniar Ati (b), Millary Agung Widiawaty (c), Eni Rosanti (d) a) Department of Indonesian Language and Literature Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia bayu.anshari09[at]hotmail.com b) Geography Education Program, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia c) Department of Geography Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia d) Department of History Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The east region of Cirebon is a coastal area has socio-cultural attractiveness due interaction from various cultures, especially Sundanese and Javanese cultures. As the region directly bordering Central Java province, The east of Cirebon features the acculturation of two major cultures in Java are influenced by social phenomena and natural environment dynamics as reflected in place names or toponyms. Toponymy or the study about places names describe any relationship between culture, language, and social phenomena of society about their environment. This research aims to reveal the origin and meaning of toponyms are contained on the east region of Cirebon. The methods used in this study is ethnographic methods with descriptive qualitative approach and ethnolinguistic analysis technique. The object of this research is the name of villages in the east region of Cirebon consisting of 191 villages from 18 sub-districts are located in the east of Cirebon Regency, West Java. Sources of data about names of villages in the east region of Cirebon are obtained from literature studies and field observations. In this study found the environmental aspect on toponyms in the east region of Cirebon means water, flora, landform, and land use. Meanwhile, socio-cultural aspects are characterized by words mean on historical events, expectations, perceptions, and community activities. The reveal of meaning behind places name in the east region of Cirebon is effort to conserve the noble values of local culture. Topic: Toponymy 229 The Like Lexicon of Geographic’s Toponymic at West Java: Study of EtnosemanticsWelsi Damayanti, Nuri Novianti Afidah Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia The Like Lexicon is one of the phenomenon of language as a product of unique cultural development. The Like Lexicon can be found in the toponym in West Java. The development of Sundanese toponym is determined by time and social situations. This is proven by the naming of places and roads associated with factors of sociohistorical and geographical activity. This study aims to describe (a) toponym in West Java, especially the like lexicon of verbs; (b) the formation meaning of the toponym; (c) the relationship between its meaning based on its component meanings, and (d) the socio-cultural representation that emerges behind the like toponym in West Java. In addition, to explore a number of lexeme express like verb like in Sundanese. The data used in this research is like lexicon in the toponym in West Java. The process of data analysis refers to the qualitative approach with the method of meaning. The research stage is done through topic selection process, determining the focus of research, designing research, data collection process, data analysis, data interpretation, and conclusion drawing. The end result of this study provides an ethnosemantic discipline perspective. Topic: Toponymy 230 Socio-ecological resilience for urban green space allocationDian Afriyanie (a*), Roos Akbar (a), Djoko. S.A. Suroso (a) a). School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Institute of Technology Bandung. Jalan Ganesha 10, bandung 40132, Indonesia The conceptualisation of human-nature relationships in planning theory focuses only on political ecology and environmental ethics. As a result, efforts to accommodate sustainability principles in planning practices that should be done by promoting social-ecological substance has been replaced by managerial planning, expert management and administration, thus focus on the procedural aspects of planning instead of attention to the importance of ecological considerations. The increasing pressure (exogenous and endogenous) of the current urban system has reinforced the importance of ecological considerations in planning practice to address the need in responding the various vulnerabilities of urban systems arising from these pressures. This paper review the scholarly literature on the application of socio-ecological resilience in urban spatial planning and how it can reinforce ecological consideration in the demand allocation of urban green spaces as an alternative approach to the existing “standard approach” which based on population number. Based on literature review this paper reveals the importance of analyzing the dynamic interaction of socio-ecological systems (complex and adaptive) in spatial planning, especially in determining demand allocation of urban green spaces, not only able to address the challenges of "think planning again" especially in understanding the natures behavior in interacting with humans; but also allows planning to accommodate change and uncertainty as a source of innovation that can enhance the resilience of urban system. This paper concludes with a discussion of how this demand might be provided and optimized with the supply-side of urban green spaces. Topic: Urban Commission: Emerging Urban Transformations and Megacities 231 DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN AREAS IN POTENTIAL AREAS OF NATURAL DISASTERS IN SOUTH BANDUNGAchmad Rifai*, Nana Sulaksana**, T. Yan W.M. Iskandarsyah**, Murni Sulastri***, Pradnya P Raditya***, Siti Mulyani*** Geomorphological laboratory, Padjadjaran University Geological disasters that often occur in South Bandung area, this is very befall the surrounding community especially floods problem in the past that have not been overcome since the Dutch colonial period. This research was conducted to provide guidance in the development of the area around and provide suggestions to reduce the impact of flood and landslide in South Bandung area. The research method is qualitative method by collecting and producing descriptive data, and doing remote sensing analysis using google earth to update land use in research area. In addition, quantitative methods are employed by performing superimposed manual statistics and weighting methods, and used Microsoft Excel, Arcgis, Global Mapper, and Mapinfo to process data. Research data is used in primary, secondary, and tertiary data by firstly improving the physical properties of rocks, history of natural disasters, soil air condition, the level of movement of the land, slope, drainage, and foundation. Based on the results of data processing obtained land suitability score>130 is categorized as a very good possibility area to be an urban area, the score 116-130 is an area that has various advantages but can still be overcome by engineering. Technique. Score <116 is a limitation area that is not feasible to be used as a urban area, a variety of ways that can be done but requires a very high cost so it needs to be converted function become conservation area. Topic: Urban Commission: Emerging Urban Transformations and Megacities

IGEOS 2017 - Submission Management System